"Carte des parties Nord et Est de l'Asie qui comprend les Cotes de la Russie Asiatique le Kamschatka, le Jesso, et les Isles du Japon dressee en 1764", Robert de Vaugondy, Didier
Subject: Northern Asia and Western North America
Period: 1772 (published)
Publication: Diderot's Encyclopedie (Supplement)
Color: Black & White
10 x 15.5 inches
25.4 x 39.4 cm
When Charles Joseph Panckoucke took over publication of Diderot's Encyclopedie in 1768, he promised to correct the cursory treatment of geography for which the first seventeen volumes had been criticized, with emphasis on the discoveries of the last 25 years. He employed Samuel Engel, a Swiss geographer, to write a series of articles about the northern regions and Didier Robert de Vaugondy to prepare ten maps to illustrate them. Engel rejected the De la Fonte Northwest Passage discoveries and believed the most sensible route from the Atlantic to the Pacific was along the north coast of Siberia. These maps illustrate the discoveries and various cartographic theories concerning the Pacific Northwest, East Asia and the North Pacific Ocean and include some of the most interesting comparative cartography of the eighteenth century
This unusual map details the northern coastline of Russia (including Finland), the eastern coast of Asia to just below Nanking, and a bit of the coast of America called Anian. Inset into the map are four small maps of the western part of North America: I - Features the entire western coast with Japan just a short distance offshore, II - Focuses on Nova Granada showing the Mexican coast of the Gulf of California, III - Focuses on the Zubgara and Tolm Regnum of Nova Granada and the mythical seven cities of Cibola, and IV - Covers Anian Regnum, and includes Quivira Regnum and another Tolm Regnum. All together a fascinating view of some of the early cartographic theories concerning the western part of North America.
References: Wagner (NW) #637.