"Eroberung der Vestung Povacon zu Porto Calvo in Brasilia…", Merian, Matthaus
Period: 1650 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
13.8 x 10.5 inches
35.1 x 26.7 cm
This bird's-eye view illustrates the Dutch capture of the fort at Porto Calvo in February and March of 1637. The region was a major area of contention between the Portuguese and the Dutch in their battle to control the sugar industry in Brazil. Porto Calvo changed hands several times between 1635 and March of 1645. In this battle, Johan Maurits attacked with a force of 3000 Dutch soldiers, 1000 sailors and 1000 Amerindians to capture the plantation colony and hold it until 1645.
There is a small stain at lower left, mostly visible on verso. The side margins have been extended to better accommodate framing.