"Map No. 2 from the Northern Boundary of California to the Columbia River from the explorations and surveys made under the direction of Hon. Jefferson Davis, Sec. of War…", Williamson & Abbot
Subject: United States - Northwestern
Period: 1855 (dated)
Publication: U.S. Pacific Railroad Surveys
Color: Black & White
23 x 27.3 inches
58.4 x 69.3 cm
During the 1850s, the U.S. government sponsored an extensive series of expeditions designed to gather information on the vast new territories that had been acquired in western North America. The discovery of gold in California further stimulated westward traffic and heightened the need for a faster and more convenient way to bring the far-flung parts of the country together. In 1853 Congress commissioned the Army's Topographic Bureau to conduct a series of surveys to find a suitable route for a transcontinental railroad. There were six major expeditions; five of them covered the area between the Great Plains and west coast, and the sixth explored the coastal states of California and Oregon. All of these expeditions were accompanied by naturalists and artists to document the landscape, flora and fauna along the route.
The reports, maps and lithographs were published in the 13 volume report "Explorations and Surveys to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a Railroad from the Mississippi river to the Pacific Ocean."
From the surveys of Williamson and Abbot, this map covers the region from the Siskoyou Range and Klamath Lakes north to above the Columbia River. Finely engraved with topographical and watershed detail including fine hachure throughout mountainous area. Locates the Emigrant Road, unexplored regions, various routes of the surveying parties, the historical routes of Fremont and Warner, the first settlements and much more.
References: Wheat (TMW) #882.
The folds are toned and some are separated with minor loss at intersections. The left margin with a binding trim resulting in loss to part of the lower neatline. Still a map that would be improved greatly with some simple conservation.