Auction 117, Lot 186

"Map Illustrating the plan of the defences of the Western & North-Western Frontier, as proposed by the Hon: J.R. Poinsett, Sec. of War, in his report of Dec. 30, 1837", Poinsett, J. R.

Subject: Central United States

Period: 1837 (dated)

Publication: Senate Doc 65, 25th Cong., 2nd Session

Color: Black & White

15.5 x 21.5 inches
39.4 x 54.6 cm

A historical map that was issued as part of the continuing debate over the nature of the Frontier Defenses between the Mississippi River and the Rocky mountains. Issued under the direction of Col. A.A. Abert by W. Hood, the map covers the states of Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana and the Indian nations bordering them to the west. Locates many military forts and outposts from Ft. Jessup to Ft. Snelling with notations throughout concerning the regions ceded by several Indian nations with the dates of the treaties. Locates numerous Indian Tribes in relation to the nearby and encroaching cities and growing settlement areas. The threat posed by hostile Indians whose numbers greatly exceeded those of the settlers in the area, resulted in a protracted Congressional debate concerning the defenses required along the frontier. Published in Poinsett's report of 1837, which was issued in conjunction with a similar proposal by Charles Gratiot. This is the original edition, not be confused with the similar, but less desirable, map published later in American State papers circa 1860.

References: Wheat [TMW] #426.

Condition: B

Issued folding, now backed with archival tissue. One fold with long split closed on verso, else very good.

Estimate: $250 - $300

Sold for: $240

Closed on 12/6/2006