"Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River from Astronomical and Barometrical Observations Surveys and Information…", U.S. War Department
Subject: Midwestern United States
Period: 1843 (dated)
Publication: HR Doc 52, 28th Congress, 2nd Session
Color: Black & White
30.5 x 36.5 inches
77.5 x 92.7 cm
This extremely important map is the first accurate map of the interior region, from St. Louis north to the international boundary. The map was compiled by Lt. W. H. Emory (under the direction of Col. J. J. Albert) from the surveys of J. N. Nicollet, who was assisted by Lt. J. C. Fremont; thus, bringing together some of the most important names in the history of American mapping in the 19th century. Nicollet was already a noted French scientist and topographer when he was chosen to lead this expedition during 1838 to 1840. It was the first truly scientific topographical survey of the interior of North America. The map reflects, for the first time, the use of the barometer to obtain elevations and the use of place names on maps based on a systematic analysis of Indian and French names. Contemporary cartographer, Lt. G. K. Warren, called it "one of the greatest contributions ever made to American geography." Lithographed by C. B. Graham and printed on two joined sheets.
References: Claussen & Friis #390; Schwartz and Ehrenberg, p. 267-268, plt. 165.
Issued folding, now flat with numerous repairs of fold separations on verso. Toned with some light offsetting. Presentable as is, but would benefit from professionally conservation.