Auction 114, Lot 131

"The United States from the Latest Authorities", Hayward, George

Subject: United States

Period: 1849 (circa)

Publication: A Gazetteer of the United States of America

Color: Hand Color

41 x 24 inches
104.1 x 61 cm

This large and brightly colored map is an early example of American lithography. It features the large territorial borders characteristic from this period. The distances along the Oregon route are noted in miles beginning at Westport Landing. Kearny's route to Santa Fe and on to the Colorado River are shown. In the west, Oregon occupies the entire Northwest, extending to the Continental Divide. A huge Nebraska Territory stretches from the Continental Divide to a large Minnesota Territory at the Missouri River. Utah and New Mexico Territories are shown at their largest extent. An oddly shaped Indian Territory extends north from Texas up to Nebraska Territory.
BR> Wheat notes that the map exhibits some of the features from Colton's map in the 1852 Horn's Guide. In California, Brophy's Cutoff is shown between the Humboldt River and the City of Rocks area as well as Brophy's Rancho well up the Yuba River. Wheat suggests that some student may want to look into who this Brophy was. For what it's worth, these place names are in the Linda Township in Yuba County. Near Ousley's Bar and the Yuba Dam a little mining town grew up. In this area, in 1850, John Rose created his ranch on seventy acres where he raised a crop of barley that year. Later in 1850 John Brophy bought the upper mile of Rose's ranch, and opened a hotel. In 1853, Brophy returned east to get his family. In 1855, a school house was built and named the Brophy school. This compelling information has very little to do with the map, but your faithful cataloger felt compelled to rise to Mr. Wheat's challenge.

References: Wheat (TMW) #787.

Condition: B

Original full hand coloring on thin bank note style paper. A few flaws near binding trim including some creasing, a long tear into California and Utah that is closed on verso. A little toning along one fold near title. Still a nice example.

Estimate: $300 - $350

Sold for: $375

Closed on 3/1/2006