Auction 103, Lot 615

"[Antiphonal Leaf]", Anon.

Subject: Music

Period: 1580 (circa)



15.4 x 21 inches
39.1 x 53.3 cm

The origins of liturgical music traditionally date back to St. Gregory the Great (d. 604), who was inspired by the Holy Dove to record the principles of 'Gregorian' chant. The Gradual contained the musical parts of the Missal and was sung from the steps (gradus) of the altar. The Antiphoner contained the musical sections of the Breviary. These terms have become interchangeable in modern times. Because of their size and complexity, these manuscripts were still being handmade in the traditional way for centuries after the introduction of printing. They were boldly hand-written and illuminated on large sheets of sturdy vellum so that the entire choir could read from one book.

Unusual vellum leaf from a French Antiphoner containing five-line music. Verso includes a full-stave illustration of a wolf attempting to get a small basket full of ducks that is hanging from a tree.


Condition: B

Stitched repair in right side blank margin of recto. Pencil notation in bottom margin.

Estimate: $800 - $1,000


Closed on 6/11/2003