Catalog Archive
Auction 102, Lot 311

"The Map of Groenland", Churchill, John

Subject: North Atlantic - Greenland

Period: 1704 (published)

Publication: A Collection of Voyages and Travels

Color: Black & White

11.2 x 5.4 inches
28.4 x 13.7 cm

Interesting map of the southern coast of Greenland, locating Spitzberg, Iceland, and mythical Frisland. Decorative title cartouche. This map was included in Volume II to accompany "An Account of Greenland to Monsieur de la Mothe de Vayer" by La Peyrere. The first printed version of this map appears in La Peyrere's, Relation du Groenland, (Paris) in 1647. The map was based in part on a map by Jens Munk who led a Danish expedition in search of the Northwest Passage in 1619-20 and was the first to completely map Hudson Bay. La Peyrere made several "improvements" to Munk's map, several being incorrect due to his misunderstandings of Munk's commentary. The most important ones being: (1) La Peyrere's map uses parallels and meridians while Munk's map did not; (2) La Peyrere confuses the name Munk gave to Hudson's Bay and ends up with two names, King Christians Sea and New Sea instead of New King Christians Sea; (3) La Peyrere shows Baffin Island as several islands while Munk separates only the southern portion; (4) La Peyrere interprets Munk's statement of his progress being stopped at 63° 20' N to mean the location of his winter quarters and therefore moves Hudson's Bay a few degrees north; (5) the north coast of Hudson's Bay is entirely imaginary, probably borrowed from Best's account of Frobisher's voyage; (6) Greenland is borrowed from Hessel Gerritsz' map.

References: cf Burden #285

Condition: B

Damp stains on left side, otherwise very good

Estimate: $150 - $180

Sold for: $130

Closed on 3/5/2003