Rare English Edition of Cook's Landmark Map of New Zealand
"Chart of New-Zealand, Explored in 1769 and 1770", Cook, James (Capt.)
Subject: New Zealand
Period: 1772 (dated)
Publication: An Account of the Voyages…in the Southern Hemisphere…
Color: Black & White
15 x 19.3 inches
38.1 x 49 cm
The copper engravings from A New, Authentic and Complete Collection of Voyages Round the World…Complete Historical Account of Captain Cook's First, Second, Third and Last Voyages… Edited by George William Anderson and published by Alexander Hogg in London, 1784-86. Cook's discoveries in the Pacific formulate the final chapter in 18th Century exploration. These engravings provide a delightful view of the discoveries, people and customs of the Pacific region.
This is the first edition of one the most important maps in New Zealand's history and the first complete map of the two islands' coastlines. The English edition is considerably less common on the market than its French counterpart. The chart was made during Cook's first voyage and shows the track of the Endeavour with dates and soundings. The interior reflects the mountainous topography. This chart appeared in Volume II of John Hawkesworth's An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere..., which was the very first official account of Cook's voyages to be published. Engraved by John Bayly.
Capt. James Cook sailed from England in 1768 on his ship the Endeavour on his first round-the-world voyage visiting islands in the Pacific before sighting New Zealand's north & south islands and the strait that divides them, which he named Cook's Strait. Between 1769-1770 Cook sailed around both islands, proving that they were independent of the Great Southern Continent, which was what navigators had believed since Abel Tasman discovered the land mass in 1642. This finely engraved map was taken from a sketch brought back to London by Cook in 1771, which was published in English in London by Cadell & Strahan in 1773, and in French in Paris in 1774.
References: Shirley (BL Atlases) G.HAWK-1a #22; Tooley (Australia) p. 45 #322.
Issued folding on watermarked paper with faint scattered foxing and minor offsetting. There is some light dampstaining confined to the blank margins.