"Carta Particolare della Brasilia Settentrionale...", Dudley, Robert (Sir)
Period: 1661 (published)
Publication: Arcano del Mare
Color: Black & White
29.6 x 19 inches
75.2 x 48.3 cm
This is Dudley's rare, elegant map of the northern coastline of Brazil. The map covers from the Baia de Sao Marcos to the vicinity of present-day Aracaju. Every river and creek along the coastline is shown with soundings, hazards and good anchorages carefully recorded. The distinctive calligraphy (alla cancellaresca), fine cartouche, compass rose and sailing ship are the work of the engraver, Antonio Francesco Lucini. Printed on two, joined sheets as issued.
Robert Dudley was the first Englishman to produce a sea atlas, Dell Arcano del Mare (Secrets of the Sea). He introduced a totally new style for sea charts in the atlas with only lines of latitude and longitude and no rhumb lines. The charts were meticulously compiled from original sources and were both scientific and accurate for the time. This important atlas was the first sea atlas of the whole world; the first to use Mercator's projection throughout; the earliest to show the prevailing winds, currents and magnetic deviation; and the first to expound the advantages of Great Circle Sailing. In an introductory leaf found in one copy in the British Library, the engraver states that he worked on the plates in seclusion for twelve years in an obscure Tuscan village, using no less than 5,000 pounds of copper for the printing plates. It was only issued in two editions and the maps are rarely seen on the market. This map is from the second edition.
References: Shirley (BL Atlases) M.DUD-1b.
A nice impression on paper with a dog watermark, minor printer's ink residue, and faint toning along the centerfold. There are some tiny tears along the edges of the sheet that have been archivally repaired. Remnants of hinge tape on verso.