"[2 Maps Bound Together] Map of the Country Between the Frontiers of Arkansas and New Mexico... [and] Map of the Country Upon Upper Red River Explored in 1852", Marcy, Capt. R.B.
Subject: Southwestern United States
Period: 1853 (circa)
Color: Black & White
A. Map of the Country Between the Frontiers of Arkansas and New Mexico Embracing the Section Explored 1849. 50. 51. & 52 (59.5 x 27.1"). This is a most informative map of the region illustrating the explorations of Capt. Marcy, with inputs from Col. Emery's Boundary Survey and Capt. Sitgreaves' map, as well as those of A.B. Gray and J. de Cordavas. It details the area from the Mississippi River to the Colorado, and from about 30° N. latitude to the Arkansas River. The region north of the Gila River is noted as Unexplored, with a legend reading, "In the vicinity of this place a tract of country is found which is said by several trappers to be exceedingly fertile, and abundantly timbered and well watered." This erroneous note (in the Sonora Desert) shows up a decade later on A.J. Johnson's early maps of the Southwest. Filled with a copious amount of important information and detail on Oklahoma, North Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, the map locates exploration routes, Indian tribes, disputed territories, and much, much more. Wheat says this map is "one of the best of the period." Condition: Light toning, staining at right where the map was adhered to the front board, and minor foxing. A 5" fold separation at top right has been closed on verso with archival tape. There are a few worm tracks near the fold intersections that result in minor loss of image.
B. Map of the Country Upon Upper Red River Explored in 1852 (33.7 x 16.3"). This map covers an area in Texas wholly unexplored previously, including southwest Oklahoma (here Choctaw and Chickasaw Territory). At the time, the only information on the region was from Indians and Indian traders. The map details Captain Randolph Barnes Marcy's route of exploration through this part of Texas with camp dates, the route of the train from Preston to Warren's T.H. at Cold Spring, Indian villages and settlements, topography and hydrology. Filled with fascinating notations about the land and resources including a large profile of the entire region. Earlier attempts at exploration had been thwarted by the Spanish; Capt. Sparks in 1806, Lt. Pike again in 1806 and Col. Long in 1819-20. Marcy's instructions from Major Gen. Scott were to make an examination of the Red River and the country bordering it. Accordingly, Marcy started his adventure on May 16, 1852 from the vicinity of Ft. Arbuckle and reached the source of the upper branch of the Red River on June 16th. He then took a side trip of about 25 miles north to the Canadian River, reversed course and journeyed south, arriving at the main branch of the Red River on June 27th. After exploring the main branch to its source, he returned to Fort Arbuckle on June 28th. The explorers were greeted with great surprise as a report had spread about their massacre at the hands of the Comanche. Condition: Light toning, staining at left where the map was adhered to the back board, and minor foxing. A fold separation at right just passes the neatline.
The two maps fold separately into stiff brown cloth boards with gilt title on front cover.
References: Howes #M276; Wagner-Camp #226; Wheat (TMW) #791.
Issued folding. See description above for map details. Spine is lightly sunned and the covers have light shelf wear.