Auction 165, Lot 192

"Oregon Territory", Greenleaf, Jeremiah

Subject: Northwestern United States, Canada

Period: 1842 (circa)

Publication: A New Universal Atlas...

Color: Hand Color

12.6 x 10.7 inches
32 x 27.2 cm

The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart. In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.

This early map of Oregon Territory was first published by David Burr in 1836. A historical and interesting map, it draws on the explorations of Jedediah Smith, Lewis & Clark, the Hudson Bay Company and John Jacob Astor's Company for its remarkable degree of information and accuracy. The Oregon Territory extends all the way east to the Rocky Mountains. The northern boundary with the British Possessions is set at 54°40' per the "Boundary of Russian Possessions settled by Convention in 1824." The southern boundary is at 42° per the "treaty with Spain 1819." East of the Rockies, the northern boundary is today's Canadian border and noted as per the "treaty with Gt. Britain 1818." Place names include Astoria or Ft. George, McKay's Settlement, Okinigan House, and much more. Jeremiah Greenleaf took over the production of David Burr's New Universal Atlas when Burr was appointed Geographer of the House of Representatives in 1838.

References: Phillips (Maps) p. 642; Phillips (A) #784-48.

Condition: A

Nice impression and color with very faint mat burn confined to the blank margins. There are remnants of hinge tape on verso.

Estimate: $550 - $700

Sold for: $425

Closed on 11/15/2017