Republic of Texas
"Mexico", Arrowsmith, John
Subject: Southwestern United States & Mexico, Texas
Period: 1842 (dated)
Publication: The London Atlas of Universal Geography
Color: Hand Color
23.7 x 18.8 inches
60.2 x 47.8 cm
The Republic of Texas was a sovereign state in North America from 1836 to 1845. It was formed as a break-away republic from Mexico by the Texas Revolution. The nation claimed a large region that included all of the present state of Texas together with part of the former Mexican region of New Mexico (parts of present-day New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming). The eastern boundary with the United States was defined by the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain, in 1819. Its southern and western-most boundary with Mexico was under dispute throughout the existence of the republic, with Texas claiming that the boundary was the Rio Grande, and Mexico claiming the Nueces River as the boundary.
This edition of Arrowsmith's southwestern United States, Texas and Mexico shows the Independent Republic of Texas in a stovepipe configuration, with the southern border along the Rio Grande (R. Bravo del Norte). The northern border now follows the 100th parallel to the Arkansas River. In Upr. or New California, there is an American Fur Co. Depot on the eastern shore of Youta or Gt. Salt L.. In New Mexico, the Great Spanish Road is shown from the Red River on the Texas boundary to Santa Fe, and then heading south through the length of Mexico. A large inset depicts central Mexico, centered on Mexico City and showing the important ports of Acapulco, Vera Cruz and Tampico. Although the map is dated 1842, the Texas borders reflect a date circa 1844.
Original outline color with light toning along the centerfold and edges of the sheet, as well as a tiny centerfold separation in bottom blank margin.