"[Maps and Report] A Survey of the Establishment of the United States at Mount Dearborn on the Catawba River in the State of South Carolina by Alex Macomb, Maj. of Engineers 1809", U.S. Government
Subject: South Carolina
Period: 1860 (published)
Publication: American State Papers, Vol. 1
Color: Hand Color
18.6 x 14.4 inches
47.2 x 36.6 cm
This map outlines a land dispute between the United States and the Catawba Indian Tribe. In 1763, the King of England guaranteed 144,000 acres of land to the Catawba Indians in South Carolina through the Treaty of Fort Augusta. Over the next 80 years, the Catawba Tribe leased almost all of their land to non-Indians. Centered on the intersection of Fairfield, Chester and Lancaster counties, the map shows a small rectangular tract of land possessed by the United States containing barracks, an arsenal, a blacksmith shop, and other buildings. An adjacent tract of land is in contention, being possessed by the U.S., but also claimed by the Catawba. This fascinating map also depicts roads, portages, plantations, two boats traveling the river, and a lovely vignette of a town below the title cartouche.
Also included with the large map is Land Belonging to the United States at Mount Dearborn S.C. (6.1 x 10.3"), Plans of Public Buildings at Mount Dearborn, S.C., (6.0 x 10.3"), and 76 pp. of report text.
The map has light damp stains at left and along the right fold with one tiny split at a fold intersection. An edge tear at left that extends 1" into the image has been closed on verso with archival tape. The smaller plates and text have light toning and staining.