"Hierosolyma, Clarissima Totius Orientis Civitas, Iudaee Metropolis…", Braun & Hogenberg
Subject: Jerusalem, Holy Land
Period: 1575 (circa)
Publication: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Vol. I
Color: Hand Color
19.1 x 13.4 inches
48.5 x 34 cm
Braun & Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum or "Cities of the World" was published between 1572 and 1617. Within the six volumes, 531 towns and cities were depicted on 363 plates, providing the reader with the pleasures of travel without the attendant discomforts. Braun wrote in the preface to the third book, "What could be more pleasant than, in one's own home far from all danger, to gaze in these books at the universal form of the earth . . . adorned with the splendor of cities and fortresses and, by looking at pictures and reading the texts accompanying them, to acquire knowledge which could scarcely be had but by long and difficult journeys?" Braun and Hogenberg incorporated an astonishing wealth of information into each scene beyond the city layout and important buildings. The plates provide an impression of the economy and prominent occupations, and illustrate local costumes, manners and customs.
This interesting engraving contains two bird's-eye views of the city; one an imaginary view as it was during the time of Christ and the other contemporaneous to the 16th century. The view on the left also portrays the procession of Jesus to Golgotha, with Judas hanging from a tree outside the city walls. Each has a key to important buildings and places. At lower right is a vignette of Moses receiving the Commandments and a table identifying the garments and accoutrements worn by Aaron. Latin text on verso.
References: Laor #1039; Fussel, pp. 124-25 & 128.
There are a few tiny cracks in the image along the left border where the green pigment has oxidized with only a tiny portion of loss along one crack. A damp stain is confined to the left margin.