Auction 155, Lot 131

"United States of America", Wyld, James

Subject: United States

Period: 1845 (circa)

Publication: George Putnam's "American Facts"

Color: Hand Color

21.3 x 14.8 inches
54.1 x 37.6 cm

The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart. In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.

This great pre-Mexican War map shows Mexico in control of the Southwest and California. Texas is shown in the long stove-pipe configuration. Above Texas is a huge unnamed region stretching to Canada and bounded to east and west by the territories of Oregon and Iowa. Iowa Territory is in its largest configuration, and Oregon Country takes in the entire Northwest and extends well into Canada. Features an inset map of Great Britain drawn on the same scale to give the British viewer a perspective on the enormity of the United States. James Wyld was the successor to William Faden.


Condition: B+

Issued folding with light offsetting and a short fold separation confined to the top blank margin closed on verso with archival tape.

Estimate: $500 - $600

Sold for: $450

Closed on 11/18/2015