"Die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-America", Bromme, Traugott
Subject: United States, Texas
Period: 1840 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
25.2 x 18.5 inches
64 x 47 cm
The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart.
In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.
This precisely engraved map was designed for a German emigrant guide book. In the west, it is largely drawn from Brue's map of Mexico (1834). It shows the Republic of Texas depicted in its smaller configuration with its southern border along the Nueces River. The southwest is still shown as Mexican Territory. In the Pacific Northwest, the U.S./Canadian border reflects the American claims into present-day British Columbia. The huge Missouri Territory stretches between the Rocky Mountains and the large Northwest Territory, and between Canada and Texas - thus incorporating the region that would become Indian Territory. The region of the Great Basin does not show Fremont's exploration and is marked Oede Sand Wuste (Desolate Sandy Desert). A color key assists in the location of eight of the smaller states in the Northeast. In the lower margin is an extensive legend of political and topographical features. This rarely seen map was engraved by J.E. Woerl and is an early lithograph by B. Herder from Freiburg.
References: cf. Howes #B800.
Issued folding, now flattened, with light soiling and foxing primarily along the folds, and backed with Japanese tissue to reinforce and repair numerous small fold separations.