"Karta over Polynesien eller femte delen af Jordklotet / Carte de la Polynesie ou la Cinquieme Partie de la Terre", Djurberg, Daniel
Subject: South Pacific Ocean, Australia
Period: 1780 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
26.7 x 18.7 inches
67.8 x 47.5 cm
Daniel Djurberg (1744-1834) was a Swedish geographer and a prolific writer of geographic reference works and textbooks. Several of his maps were the first of their kind to be published in Sweden, including this one of Australia and the South Pacific Islands. This map was one of the first in Sweden to show Captain Cook's discoveries. The routes of Cook and numerous other explorers are shown, including those of Mendana (1568), Quiros (1606), Le Maire (1616), Tasman (1643), Roggewin (1722), Biron (1765), Wallis (1767), Bougainville (1768), and Surville (1769). The map extends to include the majority of Southeast Asia, the southern coast of China and Taiwan.
Djurberg also had a peculiar habit of giving new names to locations that had previously been named, as illustrated here by his new name for Australia: Ulimaroa. Djurberg's motivation for renaming the continent was to give it an indigenous name, rather than imposing the European name. He found the name Ulimaroa in Hawkesworth's account of Cook's voyage. The name had actually been given to Cook and fellow explorer Banks by the Maori people of New Zealand, but Djurberg mistakenly believed it was a name indigenous to Australia and meant "big red land." Ulimaroa continued to be used by numerous northern European cartographers until around 1819, when it disappeared and was replaced by Australia.
Engraved by C. Bergquist. This is the first edition. Printed on two sheets, joined as issued.
References: Tooley (Australia) p. 58, #446.
Original color with some soiling and numerous old manuscript notations. There are professional repairs to separations along the centerfold and an extraneous horizontal fold. Missing about 1" of vertical image at left and 1.5" at right, including a portion of the title and the inset of Easter Island and <i>S. Daniel</i> island, which have been professionally replaced with archival paper.