"Am. Sep. Parties des Etats-Unis et du Nouveau Mexique. No. 48", Vandermaelen, Philippe Marie Guillaume
Subject: Western United States
Period: 1825-27 (published)
Publication: Atlas Universel
Color: Hand Color
22 x 18 inches
55.9 x 45.7 cm
This uncommon map is centered on western Colorado and includes parts of Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico as far south as Santa Fe. The map was published only a few years after Long's seminal map of the region and incorporates a great deal of information from his important expedition. The source of the Rio Grande in the mountains of Colorado is particularly well established, and just a few miles north a note mentions Pike's apocryphal sighting of the Yellowstone River. This alludes to the long-held hypothesis of a common continental river source, a theory that greatly influenced cartographers during this period. Locates Bell's Spring, the Spanish Peaks, Taos, delineates the route of Long's expedition, etc. The map locates a number of regional Indian tribes and their populations, as well as several pueblo villages north of Santa Fe. Dated April 1825 in lower right inscription.
The Atlas Universel was the first atlas to present all the maps on the same scale (1: 1,641,836) about one inch to 26 miles, with each map covering an area of approximately 20 degrees longitude (from Paris) and 6 degrees of latitude. It was also considered to be the first lithographic atlas ever published. The maps were meant to be joined together to form a huge globe measuring 7.775 meters in diameter. Only one edition of the atlas was published in 1825-27 and the subscription list shows that just 810 copies were sold, making these maps very scarce and more so in this condition.
References: Wheat [TMW] #378.
Stunning example with strong color and a brilliant impression on a full sheet with wide, original margins.