"States of America", Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon
Subject: Eastern United States
Period: 1814 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
8.5 x 7 inches
21.6 x 17.8 cm
East and West Florida underwent several boundary and sovereignty changes during its history. The two regions were established in 1763 by the British colonial government out of land taken from France and Spain after the French and Indian War. Reasoning the newly acquired territory too large to govern, the British divided it into two new colonies separated by the Apalachicola River.
West Florida was based in Pensacola, and the colony included the part of formerly Spanish Florida west of the Apalachicola, plus the parts of French Louisiana taken by the British. Its northern boundary shifted several times over the years. East Florida has as its capital St. Augustine, which had been the capital of Spanish Florida.
Both remained loyal to the British crown during the Revolutionary War, and served as havens for Tories fleeing the Thirteen Colonies. In 1781 Spain invaded West Florida and captured Pensacola, leading Britain to cede both to Spain following the war. The ill defined boundaries led to a series of border disputes between Spain and the nascent United States known as the West Florida Controversy. Disagreements with the Spanish government led settlers along the gulf coast to declare the area the independent Republic of West Florida in 1810. The area was soon annexed by the United States, claiming the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The remainder of West Florida and all of East Florida were purchased by the United States in 1819 under the terms of the Adams–Onís Treaty. Florida Territory was formed as a result.
This attractive, small map of the young nation extends from the Dist. of Main south to Georgia and just past the Mississippi River to show part of the expansive new Louisiana Territory. Includes all of West Florida and just a strip of East Florida. Georgia's western boundary is the Mississippi, and the large, unnamed Northwestern Territory contains the lands that would become Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Wisconsin. Ohio's northern border is truncated so that it is well south of Lake Erie. Filled with fascinating place names including Kill Buck Town. The legend listing fourteen states is contained in a double line cartouche block. The newly formed Tennessee Government is delineated and named. Various tribes are indicated throughout.
Map image is fine with strong, crisp impression and fine original hand color. A little matt burn around outside of neatline from prior framing job.