"Canada Louisiane et Terres Angloises", Anville, Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'
Subject: Colonial United States and Canada
Period: 1755 (dated)
Publication: Atlas General
Color: Hand Color
44.5 x 34 inches
113 x 86.4 cm
This large-scale map covers the region from Labrador to the north of Florida, and from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean. It also extends to include the southern end of James Bay, and shows all of Great Lakes and the course of the St. Lawrence. The map provides early detail along the lower portion of the Missouri (alternately the "Pekitanoui") and the upper waters of the Mississippi. The Keweenaw peninsula is named as Kiaonan, and Isle Royale is called I. Minong. It is filled with scores of Indian tribes and villages named and located. The map was based in part on Mitchell's famous map of the United States which appeared earlier in the same year. D'Anville developed his version of the map with an emphasis on French influence on the area, omitting Mitchell's legend, references to English factories in the disputed trans-Allegheny area, and drew on French sources for additional details over the Mitchell map. The most obvious change, however, is the large inset of the St. Lawrence River basin ("Le Fleure Saint-Laurent"), which completely fills the lower right and provides more detail than the map. In fact, the inset is on a separate sheet that has been grafted to the other sheets of paper in a stepped fashion. D'Anville's usual, superb cartographic detail is seen throughout. A handsome cartouche designed by Gravelot fills the upper left of the map. On four sheets, joined as issued. The image here does not show the full width of the top and bottom margins.
References: Sellers & Van Ee #17; Cumming (SE) #296;Tooley (Amer) p.316.
On thick hand laid paper with original color. A small amount of light stain marks at upper left and some occasional very light soiling, still near fine for a map of this size.