"Amerique du Nord", Dufour, Auguste-Henri
Subject: North America, Texas
Period: 1840 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
10 x 8 inches
25.4 x 20.3 cm
The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart.
In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.
This finely engraved map features the Independent Republic of Texas shown with the long stovepipe configuration extending to the 42nd parallel. Within Texas the map locates the settlements of Nacogdoches, Santa Fe, St. Antonio and a few more. In the Pacific Northwest, Oregon Territory extends well into Canada, an early indication of the Fifty-Four Forty or Fight dispute. Alaska is Russie Americaine and Mexico extends to the Southwest and California. The geography in the west is pre-Fremont with several rivers traversing the Great Basin. A very desirable Texas item. Published by Jules Renouard, engraved by Desbuisson and lettering by Arnoul.
A stunning example with crisp impression and fine hand coloring.