"Coast Chart No. 107 - Matagorda Bay Texas", U.S. Coast Survey
Period: 1872 (dated)
Color: Black & White
40.5 x 23.5 inches
102.9 x 59.7 cm
The Office of Coast Survey is the oldest U.S. scientific organization, dating from 1807 when Congress directed that a "survey of the coast" be carried out. By 1836, it was called the U.S. Coast Survey and in 1878, the name was changed to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Today the Office of Coast Survey is a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.
The survey teams, composed of civilians as well as Army and Naval officers, charted the nation's waterways and produced a wide array of reports, survey charts, hydrographic studies of tides and currents, astronomical studies and observations, and coastal pilots. These charts are an important record of the changing nature of the nation's coastlines. In additional to coastal charts, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey produced land sketches, Civil War battle maps, and the early aeronautical charts.
This chart of Matagorda Bay includes soundings, light houses, tidal information, and sailing directions. The map is the culmination of several years work required to complete the survey of this part of the coast of Texas.
The folds are toned and there are several fold separations, some closed with archival tape.