"[Lot of 2] West Canada [and] East Canada, and New Brunswick", Tallis, John
Period: 1860 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
12.5 x 9.5 inches
31.8 x 24.1 cm
The maps from The Illustrated Atlas were first published in serial form to a target audience that led insular lives due to the expense and hardship of travel. All that changed as the progress of the nineteenth century brought swift and dramatic changes in public awareness of far away places. Tallis' maps no doubt played an important role in this dramatic awakening. These maps not only provided up-to-date geographical knowledge, but also used vignette views within the map's design to show the native people and their occupations, cities and points of interest. The maps hark back to a cartographic tradition from the Dutch mapmakers of the seventeenth century with finely engraved decorative borders. The maps were drawn and engraved by John Rapin with views drawn and engraved by a number of prominent artists. The maps were issued as a complete volume from 1851 until about 1865. Some of the maps were also published in other history books published by Tallis including British Colonies and, without the vignettes, in geographical dictionaries and encyclopedias until about 1880.
This lot includes two maps showing all of what was then called East and West Canada. Both maps are surrounded by fancy engraved borders. The map of West Canada covers the region of present-day Ontario and includes uncolored vignettes of Niagara Falls, an Indian council, Kingston, the national seal and a river otter. The map of East Canada covers the St. Lawrence River and New Brunswick. There are two large and finely engraved vignettes: a group of North American Indians, and a lovely view of Quebec with numerous sailing ships and boats in the foreground. A third smaller vignette shows a bison and a river otter is entwined in the decorative border.
The first includes hand coloring in the vignettes and is toned on the centerfold, which is separated in the bottom margin. The second has uncolored vignettes with some stains in the blank margins and a few light spots in the image.