Period: 1651 (circa)
Publication: Recueille de diuers plans de l'europe par NRenau Sedannois ingenieur lequel…
Color: Hand Color
8 x 11.8 inches
20.3 x 30 cm
Manuscript fortification plan of Turin showing the old city, new city and citadel. Renau was a mathematician, military engineer and cartographer who worked on Blaeu's great atlas of city plans. The map was beautifully drawn in ink and colored with water color. The draftsman made pin-holes to indicate the ends of the straight segments in the drawings, which he then drew with a straight-edge. The manuscript atlas from which this plan came was dated 1651, although the plans may have been drawn later based on sketches and surveys made in 1651 after the Peace of Munster ended the Eighty Years' War in 1648. The paper stock is watermarked with a fleur-de-lis on a crowned shield.