"In Darkest England, and the Way Out",
Subject: Cartographic Miscellany, Fictional Map
Period: 1890 (circa)
Color: Printed Color
10.2 x 13.8 inches
25.9 x 35.1 cm
This allegorical map was published in William Booth's book of the same title laying out an ambitious social plan resembling welfare programs of today. Booth was a Methodist minister who opened his first mission for the poor in London in 1865. By 1878, he determined a military model was the most effective structure to assist the needy, and renamed his organization the Salvation Army. The map provides a striking visual representation of his model to address poverty and vice in 19th century England, which begins in the "raging Sea, surrounding the Salvation Lighthouse," where "victims of vice and poverty...are sinking to ruin." Scores of people are shown being rescued along the shores by Salvation Army officers, and make "their way to the various Refuges, Workshops, and other Establishments for Industrial Labor in the City Colony." Those who were deemed "worthy of further assistance" could then make their way to the Farm Colony or colonies abroad "yet to be established." The map is surmounted by an arch with words "Salvation Army Social Campaign" and keystone "Works for All," a clear indication that Booth's program was inclusive to all those in need. Today there are 1.7 million Salvation Army members in 133 countries.
References: PJ Mode Collection #1104.
Issued folding with minor toning along the upper centerfold.