"Tab. VIII Europae, in qua Sarmatia, Maeotis Palus, ac Germaniae, Daciaeq. Pars...", Ptolemy/Mercator
Subject: Eastern Europe
Period: 1730 (published)
Publication: Claudii Ptolemaei's Atlas Tabulae Geographicae Orbis Terrarum
Color: Hand Color
16.5 x 13.2 inches
41.9 x 33.5 cm
Claudius Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer who worked in Alexandria, then a part of the Roman Empire, in the 2nd century AD. One of the most learned and influential men of his time, his theories dominated both astronomy and geography for nearly 1500 years. His writings were kept alive by Arabic scholars during the Middle Ages and reemerged in Europe during the Renaissance. The birth of printing led to wide dissemination of his great works on astronomy and geography. There were a number of editions of his Geographia beginning in 1477. These early editions contained maps based on his original writings, known as Ptolemaic maps. As geographic knowledge increased with the explorations of Columbus, Magellan, Cabot and others, maps of the New World were added, and maps of the Old World were revised. Ptolemy's Geographia continued to be revised and published by some of the most important cartographers including Martin Waldseemuller, Sebastian Munster, Giacomo Gastaldi, Jodocus Hondius, and Gerard Mercator (whose last edition was published in 1730).
A crisply engraved Ptolemaic map covering the region from the Vistula River eastward, includes the Sea of Azov and the Baltic Sea. Engraved with rope-like mountains, ancient place names and a nomadic group pictured in the Asiatic part of Sarmatia (present-day Russia). Mercator originally published this map in his 1578 edition of Ptolemy's great Geography; this is from the last edition and two cracks in the plate at top and center are evident in this example. Although he is most renowned today for the projection he popularized and for first using the term Atlas for a collection of maps, he devoted much of his life to his Ptolemaic maps. The maps were beautifully engraved as nearly as possible to their original form and embellished with fine cartouches.
References: Mickwitz & Miekkavaara #235-26; Van der Krogt (Vol. I) #0908:1.3.
A sharp impression on a sheet with a Strasburg bend & lily watermark, light toning along the centerfold, and tiny spots in the blank margins.