"[Untitled - Armillary Sphere]", Munster/Petri
Subject: Cartographic Miscellany, Armillary Sphere
Period: 1540 (published)
Publication: Geographia Universalis
Color: Black & White
7.4 x 7.4 inches
18.8 x 18.8 cm
Sebastian Munster (1489 - 1552) was one of the three most renowned cartographers of the sixteenth century, along with Mercator and Ortelius. Munster's Geographia and Cosmographia Universalis were two of the most widely read and influential books of the period. His editions of Ptolemy's Geographia, published between 1540 and 1552, were illustrated with 48 woodcut maps, the standard 27 Ptolemaic maps supplemented by 21 new maps. These new maps included a separate map of each of the known continents and marked the development of regional cartography in Central Europe. The antique geography was a prelude to Munster's major work, the Cosmographia, which was published in nearly 30 editions in six languages between 1544 and 1578 and then was revised and reissued by Sebastian Petri from 1588 to 1628. The Cosmographia was a geographical as well as historical and ethnographic description of the world. It contained the maps from the Geographia plus additional regional maps and city views with nearly 500 illustrations which made it one of the most popular pictorial encyclopedias of the sixteen century.
This is a simple engraving of an armillary sphere, or spherical astrolabe, as described by Ptolemy. It is comprised of seven interlocking, graduated rings, representing the fundamental circles of the heavens, that swiveled around various axes within a skeletal sphere. It was designed to permit direct reading of the position of a celestial body in convenient coordinates.
There is light soiling and some dampstaining along the edges.