"Carte de la Nle. Zelande Visitee en 1769 et 1770. par le Lieutenant J. Cook Commandant de l'Endeavour Vaisseau de sa Majeste", Cook/Benard
Subject: New Zealand
Period: 1774 (circa)
Publication: Cartes et Figures des Voyages…
Color: Black & White
14.8 x 18.8 inches
37.6 x 47.8 cm
The copper engravings from A New, Authentic and Complete Collection of Voyages Round the World…Complete Historical Account of Captain Cook's First, Second, Third and Last Voyages… Edited by George William Anderson and published by Alexander Hogg in London, 1784-86. Cook's discoveries in the Pacific formulate the final chapter in 18th Century exploration. These engravings provide a delightful view of the discoveries, people and customs of the Pacific region.
This is one of the most important maps in New Zealand's history and the first complete map of the two islands' coastlines. The chart was made during Cook's first voyage and shows the track of the Endeavour with dates and soundings. The interior reflects the mountainous topography. From the French edition published by Hawkesworth and engraved by Benard.
Capt. James Cook sailed from England in 1768 on his ship the Endeavour on his first round-the-world voyage visiting islands in the Pacific before sighting New Zealand's north & south islands and the strait that divides them, which he named Cook's Strait. Between 1769-1770 Cook sailed around both islands, proving that they were independent of the Great Southern Continent, which was what navigators had believed since Abel Tasman discovered the land mass in 1642. This finely engraved map was taken from a sketch brought back to London by Cook in 1771, which was published in English in London by Cadell & Strahan in 1773, and in French in Paris in 1774.
References: Tooley (Australia) p. 47 #339.
A crisp impression issued folding, now flat, on watermarked paper with a 5.5" fold separation at left that has been professionally repaired on verso. A chip in the top left corner has been expertly reattached, and another chip at bottom left that includes the engraver's imprint has been partially replaced in facsimile. There are few minor rust spots and light soiling.