"The Geological Structure of the Globe According to Ami Boue, with Corrections and Additions to 1855", Johnston, Alexander K.
Subject: World, Geology
Period: 1855 (dated)
Publication: The Physical Atlas of Natural Phenomena
Color: Printed Color
24.3 x 20 inches
61.7 x 50.8 cm
This large map, drawn on Mercator's Projection, is a superb example of thematic mapping with various colors and diagrams used to illustrate the geological distributions throughout the world. The geological types are fully colored (both hand and early printed color) and a key delineates the six major categories identified by Ami Boué. The first two categories are further divided through subtle differences in shading. There are two inset maps: "Directions of the Systems of Mountains as they appear at Milford by E. de Beaumon ," and "Illustrations of the Synchronism of Parallel Chains" with colored underlining to delineate seven different systems. Also, two hemispheres show the geology of the North and South poles. Along the bottom of the map is a full profile of the "Principle Mountains of the Globe." Surrounded by a decorative keyboard-style border, this handsome chart is from the English version of Heinrich Berghaus' Physikalischer Atlas, the first truly comprehensive thematic atlas. It is a very early example of printed color (with some hand color), the development of which made a huge impact on cartography in general and specifically on the graphic portrayal of geographical data on thematic maps. Plate I from this large atlas. Engraved by W. & A.K. Johnston in Edinburgh.
The map includes the stamp of the Wakefield Mechanics Institution below the title. Established during the Industrial Revolution, the Mechanics Institution movement in Britain intended to provide adult education for the working man, especially for the “mechanical” skills needed to support industrialization. At a time when most libraries were available only to subscribers, the Mechanics Institutions frequently became the libraries of the working class. Formed in 1841, the Wakefield Mechanics Institution was dissolved in 1935 and its library was dispersed.
References: Marcou & Marcou #5; Phillips (A) #225.
On a sturdy sheet with a hint of toning along the centerfold and sheet edges. A "Wakefield Mechanics Institution" stamp is visible below the title and on verso.