Auction 175, Lot 676

An Early and Important American Atlas

"A New General Atlas, Comprising a Complete Set of Maps, Representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe...", Finley, Anthony

Subject: Atlases

Period: 1828 (published)


Color: Hand Color

11.4 x 14.2 inches
29 x 36.1 cm

Finely's maps employ a delicate and elegant engraving style and provided extensive topographical and watershed information. He was the dominant map maker in the United States in the early 1820s into the 1830s. His atlases were very successful, outselling rival atlases by Carey & Lea, and Tanner. His maps were printed on high quality paper and were routinely corrected and updated.

This is an important and nearly complete American published atlas, containing 58 of the 60 plates (missing only #52 - Russia in Asia and #53 - Turkey). The atlas does not appear to be disturbed, so it was likely accidentally omitted during the binding process. Finley's General Atlas was very popular with the public and went through several editions from 1824-36, outselling rival atlases by Carey & Lea and H.S. Tanner. His maps were printed on high quality paper and employed an elegant engraving style with extensive topographical information that were routinely corrected and updated. Ristow notes that beginning with the 1826 edition, new data was added to the states in the upper Mississippi Valley. Of particular interest in this 1828 atlas are the maps of the trans-Appalachian west where settlements were rapidly developing on the frontier including:

Mississippi. Handsome map of the state that details the county seats, roads, towns and settlements, and watershed. Development is primarily in the southern portion and mostly along the rivers with virtually no other settlements noted. Monroe is the only county in the north, which was carved out of Chickasaw Indian lands where Cotton Gin Port is located. The early U.S. government built a cotton gin here in 1801 as part of a "plan of civilization" for the Chickasaw Indians. The huge Choctaw Indians region occupies the middle section. In it are noted three missionary stations: Mayhew, Elliott and Monroe, plus the Old Agency, and Yazoom Lower Town. The map shows 22 counties, correct for about 1826, plus the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian areas.

Indiana. Fine early map of the state with 54 counties. The top third of the state is unorganized except for Allen County beyond the Wabash River and the Indian Boundary with reference to Ottaway, Miami, Delaware, and Pottawatomie Indians. The detailed map shows the roads, towns and settlements with most of the settlements and roads in the lower third of the state.

Illinois. The continuation of the Indian Boundary from the above map of Indiana is shown in the upper portion of the state. In this area the tribal lands of the Sac & Fox, and the Winnebago Indians are noted. Below this line, the northern counties are very large with little development although Chicago and Ft. Dearborn are noted. The southern portion of the territory is more developed with a network of roads and trails connecting settlements.

Also of interest is the map of the eastern United States which depict large Missouri, Arkansas, and North West territories. At the back of the atlas are the thematic charts "Comparative eights of the Principal Mountains" and "Comparative Lengths of the Principal Rivers." All maps were engraved by Young & Delleker and the ornate title page and table of contents was lettered by Joseph Perkins. Title page, table of contents, 56 (of 58) maps, and 2 thematic charts. The spine has been rebacked in attractive maroon leather with the original spine strip pasted on top to match the original marbled boards with quarter leather and tips. A highly desirable American atlas.

References: cf. Phillips (Atlases) #4314; Ristow, pp. 268-270.

Condition: A

Condition code is for the maps, which are clean and bright with an occasional spot of foxing and minor soiling in the margins. The original boards have light wear and some minor abrasions. Rebacked with the original spine strip pasted on top.

Estimate: $4,500 - $5,500

Sold for: $3,750

Closed on 11/13/2019