Braun & Hogenberg's First Plan of Moscow in Contemporary Color
"Moscauw", Braun & Hogenberg
Subject: Moscow, Russia
Period: 1575 (published)
Publication: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Vol. II
Color: Hand Color
19.3 x 13.8 inches
49 x 35.1 cm
This elevated view of the old city of Moscow, drawn by Sigismund von Herberstein in 1547, depicts the city prior to the great fire that destroyed much of the city in that year. It depicts the city with starkly identical wooden houses, both within the city walls and in the trader's quarter across the Neglinnaya River that forms a partial moat around the city. In the heart of the city is the Kremlin, labeled Arx, which was constructed between the years 1485 and 1530, and several Orthodox Russian churches. There are a number of horse-drawn sleighs and people on skies that, while inconsistent with the various vegetation shown in the scene, are meant to represent major modes of transportation used in the city. In the foreground there are Russian soldiers (Moscovites) that represent the growing military power of Moscow under Ivan IV Vasilyevich (Ivan the Terrible). Latin text on verso.
Ref: Fussel, pp. 179-181; Goss (Cities) pp.76-77.
A nice impression with superb contemporary color with light toning along the edges of the sheet and a few spots of foxing confined to the blank margins.