Auction 157, Lot 406

Extremely Rare Second State with City Plans

"Americae Pars Magis Cognita", Bry, Theodore de

Subject: South America

Period: 1624 (dated)

Publication:

Color: Black & White

Size:
17.5 x 14.3 inches
44.5 x 36.3 cm

This copper engraving is from a remarkable series of publications, illustrating voyages of discovery and travels of exploration to various parts of the world. The project was begun by Theodore de Bry of Frankfurt, in 1590 and was to continue for another 54 years. They became known collectively as the Grands Voyages (to America and the West Indies) and the Petits Voyages (to the Orient and the East Indies). De Bry died after the first six parts of the Grands Voyages were completed. The project was completed initially by his widow and two sons, Johann Theodore de Bry and Johann Israel de Bry, then by his son-in-law, Matthaus Merian in 1644.

Focusing on the Spanish possessions in the Americas, this map covers what is the present-day southern United States through South America. It was published to accompany the accounts of the voyages of Johann van Stadden and Jean de Lery. The cartography is drawn from de Bry's own map of Florida and the West Indies after Jacques le Moyne. However, there is no easily discernible source for the South American cartography, with its southern regions shown too broad, but not quite bulging as with the Ortelius version. De Bry's extraordinary engraving skill and artful style are very evident with the large elaborate cartouches, coats of arms, two compass roses, sea monster, Spanish galleon and intricate border. This is the second state, with the addition of plans of the cities of Mexico City and Pernambuco in the top corners just below the coats of arms. This second edition is much more rare than the first edition, being published in Frankfurt in Mercurii Gallobelgici, a political news report printed for fairs in the spring and fall. Due to the ephemeral nature of these news reports, very few have survived. This map was included in the Mercurii shortly after the Dutch invaded Brazil and captured the Portuguese capital of Salvador. In addition to the city plans, a raging sea battle was added off the coast of Brazil.

References: Burden #80; Garratt (TMC-9) #G-3.

Condition: B

Issued folding on watermarked paper with narrow margins, as is common with this map, and a small abrasion in the cartouche at bottom left. There is a 1/4" hole west of the Rio de la Plata that has been closed on verso with the binder's guard and archival tape. There are several additional tiny tears that have also been closed on verso with archival tape.

Estimate: $5,500 - $6,500

Sold for: $3,000

Closed on 5/4/2016

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