Auction 133, Lot 682

"Botany Bay, in New South Wales. Lat: 34° 00' Sth. [on sheet with] Entrance of Endeavour River in New South Wales. Lat: 15° 26' Sth.", Cook, James (Capt.)

Subject: Sydney, Australia

Period: 1773 (published)

Publication: Account of the voyages undertaken by… Captain Cook…

Color: Black & White

13.2 x 5.3 inches
33.5 x 13.5 cm

The copper engravings from A New, Authentic and Complete Collection of Voyages Round the World…Complete Historical Account of Captain Cook's First, Second, Third and Last Voyages… Edited by George William Anderson and published by Alexander Hogg in London, 1784-86. Cook's discoveries in the Pacific formulate the final chapter in 18th Century exploration. These engravings provide a delightful view of the discoveries, people and customs of the Pacific region.

This rare plate contains two charts on one sheet. The first is the depiction of Sydney Harbor when Cook first landed in Australia on April 29, 1769. Six locations for fresh water are noted as are several soundings in the harbor with shoals are delineated. Locates C. Banks and Pt. Solander which were named by Cook for his botanists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander.

The chart on the left shows entrance of the Endeavour River in northern Queensland. It locates the "place where we Landed our Stores" and the "place where we Repair'd the Ship." Cook departed Botany Bay continuing northwards where, on June 11, the Endeavour ran aground on a shoal of the Great Barrier Reef. The ship was badly damaged and his voyage was delayed for seven weeks while repairs were accomplished on the site marked on this map. This is near the town of Cooktown. After the repairs were completed the voyage continued and resulted in Cook claiming the entire eastern coastline of Australia on August 22 for England. The return trip to England was via Batavia, the Cape of Good Hope and the island of Saint Helena, finally arriving July 12, 1771. The two charts are within their own border (neatline) and are on a full sheet measuring 17" x 11.2".

References: Rumsey 3403.047

Condition: A

Beautiful impression with very wide margins. Near fine except for a couple small spots in margins.

Estimate: $250 - $300

Sold for: $1,100

Closed on 9/1/2010