"[Liuqiuguo Tu - Map of the Liuqui Kingdom]", Anon.
Period: 1840 (circa)
20.3 x 12.5 inches
51.6 x 31.8 cm
Most Korean origin maps found today are from the Yi Dynasty (1392 - 1910). It was the longest ruling Confucian dynasty that ended in 1910 with Japanese annexation. The maps from this period were produced by wood block or as hand-drawn manuscripts on mulberry bark or rice paper. The majority were produced with the toponyms in Chinese, the common language for intellectuals in Korea and Japan at the time. Many of the place names are from Chinese mythology dating to the third century B.C., suggesting the maps were used in the study of Chinese classics in addition to a contemporary geological resource.
Assembling maps into atlases was popular in Korea for several centuries, long before the practice was adopted in China or Japan. Produced in both manuscript and printed (wood-block) form, the atlases followed a common format, including a world map, separate maps of China and Japan, Korea and the Ryukyu Islands, followed by maps of the provinces of Korea. Despite their wide-spread use, most were destroyed following the Japanese occupation and thus are rare today.
Shannon McCune says "The calligraphy on the maps was often delicate and precise. The title of the maps were usually spaced artistically…Korea cartographers restricted themselves to the brushstroke drawing of mountains, mountain chains, and rivers and of towns, walls, temples, defensive outposts and signal-fire towers. The real beauty of the Yi dynasty maps of Korea is in their order and symmetry - both valued Confucian virtues." Ref: McCune, Shannon. "Korean Maps of the Yi Dynasty." Korean Culture 4:3 (September 1983): 21-31.
This is an early Korean manuscript map completed in red, black and blue ink. The map details the Ryukyu Islands, which stretch between Taiwan and Japan and were once an independent kingdom. The largest island in the group is Okinawa. The maps were used for study in most noble households during the late Yi Dynasty, but became unwanted when Japanese colonial rule began. These manuscript maps are exceedingly difficult to find today.
The color and inks are fine, the paper has full, original margins. A few small stained spots and some fold intersections with splits and small amounts of loss.