"Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non Partis Virginiae Tabula…", Visscher, Nicolas
Subject: Colonial New England and Mid Atlantic
Period: 1656 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
21.8 x 18.3 inches
55.4 x 46.5 cm
This landmark map, one of the most important in the Jansson-Visscher series, formed the basis for the mapping of New England for nearly one hundred years. It is based on Jansson's map of 1651 with Visscher's significant addition of a view of New Amsterdam, the Dutch settlement on Manhattan Island. This view is one of the earliest images of New York City showing the southern tip of Manhattan Island as a small settlement dominated by a Dutch fort and the buildings of the Dutch West India Company. The cartography is nearly identical with Jansson's map, which in turn borrowed heavily from the Blaeu map of 1635 including some of its most glaring errors. Lacus Irocoisiensis (Lake Champlain) remains radically misplaced to the east of the Connecticut River, the St. Lawrence River (also called the Grand River of New Netherland) and Ottawa River are intertwined, and the coast of New England is imperfectly mapped. However, the map reflects the increase in Dutch knowledge of the geography of the vicinity of Manhattan and Long Island, the settlements on the Delaware, Hudson and Connecticut Rivers, and those along the Massachusetts coast. The map was so highly regarded that it played a part in colonial boundary disputes; between New York and New Jersey and again between Pennsylvania and Maryland. This is the second state, with Fort Kasimir and without Philadelphia. The first state of the Visscher map was separately published and is known in only three examples, making this second state the earliest obtainable example of the map.
References: Augustyn & Cohen pp. 32-33; Burden #315; McCorkle #655.1; Stokes pp. 147; Tooley (Amer) p. 285, #5.
Fine impression and original color. Faint damp stains in blank margins, still a very fine example of this important map.