A Seminal Map of the Southeast and Early American Cartography
"Virginiae Item et Floridae Americae Provinciarum, Nova Descriptio", Mercator/Hondius
Subject: Colonial Southeast United States
Period: 1623 (published)
Publication: Gerardi Mercatoris - Atlas sive Cosmographicae
Color: Hand Color
19.1 x 13.5 inches
48.5 x 34.3 cm
This stunning map was compiled from two of the most important source maps of the early colonial period: John White's Virginia and Jacques le Moyne's Florida. Hondius' map became the prototype map of the region for the first half of the 17th century and continued to influence the cartography of the region until the middle of the 18th century. Largely due to the enormous success of Hondius' Atlas, Le Moyne's erroneous depiction of a large inland lake (Lacus aquae dulcis) from which the R. de May (St. John's River) flows in a southeasterly direction was popularized. Chesapeake Bay, here called Chesepioock Sinus, and the area south towards C.S. Romano Hispanis are shown in their White delineations. The Indian villages of Paquiwok, Croatoan, and Wococon are named in the Outer Banks and several others along the Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds. The map is extensively decorated with depictions of Indian villages incorporated in the title cartouche, a Floridian king and queen, and Virginian natives in a canoe taken from De Bry, wildlife including a wild turkey, ships, sea monsters, and a superb compass rose. Latin text on verso.
References: Burden #151; Cumming (SE) #26; Williams & Johnson #3; Van der Krogt (Vol. I) #9400:1A.
A nice impression with very light toning, a small hole adjacent to the ship at far right, and professional repairs to several separations and tiny holes along the centerfold. There are some light damp stains confined to the bottom corners.