Purcell's Map Locating the Proposed State of Franklin
"A Map of the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia; Comprehending the Spanish Provinces of East and West Florida...", Purcell, Joseph
Subject: Southern United States
Period: 1792 (published)
Publication: Morse's American Geography
Color: Black & White
14.5 x 12.7 inches
36.8 x 32.3 cm
This fine map is a fascinating historical document of the United States following the Revolutionary War. It includes an early reference to the New State of Franklin in western North Carolina. The map includes a great amount of information including boundaries claimed by the various Indian Nations and trading paths on the western frontier. It shows early settlements, including a Moravian Settlement in North Carolina, and the Cumberland Settlements in present-day Tennessee. At the top of the map, in the nascent Northwest Territory, the 7 Ranges denote the first application of the Public Land Survey System. Several bounty land grants are shown including the Ohio Company, Wabash Company, New Jersey Company, Illinois Company, and the Donation Lands of the Commonwealth of Virginia. A triangular shaped plot of land in the region of present-day West Virginia is labeled Indiana. Included with the map is the title page from Morse's The American Geography as well as the front free-endpaper with the signature of Montgomery Hamilton from Fort Wayne, Indiana.
In 1785, settlers in present-day western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee organized a state government to be named in honor of Benjamin Franklin, Franklin or Frankland. Congress turned down their appeal but the state maintained a legislature and governor until 1788. This ephemeral state appeared on a small number of maps into the early part of the 19th century.
The Revolutionary government of the United States used bounty land grants in their struggle for independence from Great Britain. The free lands exchanged for military service provided an effective technique for enrolling support for the war and encouraging re-enlistments. Generally the bounty lands were located on the western frontier, which provided another benefit to the government. Populating the frontier with citizens skilled in defense offered the best prospect in enticing other settlers to join them, thus eventually increasing the tax rolls.
The region shown on this map as Indiana was originally granted to a Philadelphia trading company by the Iroquois Confederacy in 1768. Then in 1776 it was sold to the Indiana Land Company, but was also claimed by the State of Virginia as a part of her original charter. The resulting battle between the private land company and Virginia resulted in the Eleventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and is one of the most interesting chapters in the history of the young United States.
References: Dotson & Baker (OWA) #11; Baynton-Williams (TMC-72) p. 16, #5; McCorkle (18th C. Geography Books) #305-1.
A dark impression that was issued folding and now flattened and backed with tissue to reinforce and repair numerous small fold separations. The lower left corner of the map was torn off (7.5" diagonal tear) and was professionally repaired on verso along with a 1.5" edge tear at right. Light surface soiling.