"Preliminary Chart of Charleston Harbor and Its Approaches from a Trigonometrical Survey...", U.S. Coast Survey
Subject: Charleston, South Carolina
Period: 1858 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
29.8 x 25.6 inches
75.7 x 65 cm
The Office of Coast Survey is the oldest U.S. scientific organization, dating from 1807 when Congress directed that a "survey of the coast" be carried out. By 1836, it was called the U.S. Coast Survey and in 1878, the name was changed to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Today the Office of Coast Survey is a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.
The survey teams, composed of civilians as well as Army and Naval officers, charted the nation's waterways and produced a wide array of reports, survey charts, hydrographic studies of tides and currents, astronomical studies and observations, and coastal pilots. These charts are an important record of the changing nature of the nation's coastlines. In additional to coastal charts, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey produced land sketches, Civil War battle maps, and the early aeronautical charts.
This fine chart of Charleston Harbor extends to show Charleston and further inland to the Stono River. Locates numerous forts, soundings, navigational channels, buoys, etc. The "Road to Savannah" is shown in the top left corner of the chart. Produced under the direction of A.D. Bache.
Issued folding on heavy paper with a 6" binding tear at left that has been repaired on verso with archival tape. Narrow left margin due to binding trim.