Rare Decorative Map of Europe with South Oriented to the Top
"Europa/ die Erst Tafel des Ersten Buchs", Stumpf, Johann
Period: 1548 (circa)
Publication: Gemeiner Loblicher Eydgnoschafft Stetten Landen und Volkeren Chronick
Color: Black & White
15.4 x 11 inches
39.1 x 27.9 cm
This rare and striking woodcut map of Europe is oriented with south at the top. Although the map is a derivative of Munster's map of Europe, first published in his Cosmographia in 1544, it supersedes Munster's map with its elaborate decorations. The continent is filled with miniature bird's-eye views of towns, trees, exaggerated rivers, and rope-like mountain ranges. The surrounding waters are teeming with galleons and sea monsters of every variety, reminiscent of Olas Magnus' Carta Marina. At the top of the map, to the right of Sardinia, is the sea God Triton, who plays music to calm or raise the waves in the sea. The various seas are labeled in decorative cartouches.
This map was first published in Stumpf's Gemeiner Loblicher Eydgnoschafft, which was the first national atlas of Switzerland, and the first national atlas published in Europe. Twenty-three woodblock maps were included in the first edition of Stumpf's atlas, of which 10 were acquired from Honter's Rudimenta Cosmografica. The remaining 13 maps, including this map of Europe, were newly engraved for Stumpf's atlas based on the work of Waldseemuller and Munster. It is believed that Stumpf's atlas was such an excellent example of bookmaking that it incited Munster to make significant improvements to his second edition of Cosmographia.
References: Mickwitz & Miekkavaara #289-1; Heijden #11.
An excellent impression with original margins, light toning along the centerfold, and a few small spots of foxing. There is marginal soiling and an archivally repaired centerfold separation in the bottom blank margin, far from map.