Auction 146, Lot 378

"Groenland", Bernard, Jean Frederic

Subject: North Atlantic

Period: 1715 (circa)

Publication:

Color: Hand Color

Size:
14.4 x 5.9 inches
36.6 x 15 cm

Interesting map showing a continuous coastline from Canada to Spitsbergen. The southern tip of Greenland is formed by two large islands with the mythical island of Frisland nearby. The map is a slightly larger derivative of La Peyrere's map of 1647, which was copied by several cartographers. La Peyrere's map was based in part on a map by Jens Munk who led a Danish expedition in search of the Northwest Passage in 1619-20 and was the first to completely map Hudson Bay. La Peyrere made "improvements" to Munk's map, several being incorrect due to his misunderstandings of Munk's commentary. The most important ones being: (1) La Peyrere's map uses parallels and meridians while Munk's map did not; (2) La Peyrere confuses the name Munk gave to Hudson Bay and ends up with two names, King Christians Sea and New Sea instead of New King Christians Sea; (3) La Peyrere shows Baffin Island as several islands while Munk separates only the southern portion; (4) La Peyrere interprets Munk's statement of his progress being stopped at 63° 20' N to mean the location of his winter quarters and therefore moves Hudson Bay a few degrees north; (5) the north coast of Hudson Bay is entirely imaginary, probably borrowed from Best's account of Frobisher's voyage; (6) Greenland is borrowed from Hessel Gerritsz' map. A small ship at the mouth of the Churchill river identifies the location where Munk wintered.

References: cf. Burden #285.

Condition: B+

Issued folding, now pressed on watermarked paper with light toning at far right. Narrow top and bottom margins.

Estimate: $275 - $350

Unsold

Closed on 9/4/2013

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