Auction 111, Lot 173

"Sketch of part of the march & wagon road of Lt. Colonel Cooke, from Santa Fe to the Pacific Ocean 1846-47", U.S. War Dept.

Subject: Southwestern United States

Period: 1847 (published)

Publication: HR Doc 41, 30th Congress, 1st Sess.

Color: Black & White

23 x 11.6 inches
58.4 x 29.5 cm

When, in 1846, Stephen W. Kearny lead the Army of the West in the conquest of New Mexico and California he was accompanied by officers of the Corps. of Topographical Engineers. Lt. W.H. Emory followed Kearny across the desert and produced the Expedition's main map. L. Col. Phillip, Lt. George Cooke and the "Mormon Battalion" took a more southerly route through the Guadeloupe Mountains and Tueson and produced this modest but important map. It records only the country he actually saw; the exception being a dotted line inscribed "Believed by M. Leoux to be an open prairie good route if water is found sufficient." Antoine Leroux was a famed mountain man who was acting as guide for the expedition, but he was wrong about that alternate route. Wheat finds this to be a "magnificent achievement" drawing public attention to a stretch deemed essential for a wagon and rail route that was later included in the Gadsden Purchase. The map terminates at the Pima Villages on the Gila (near present day Phoenix) where he picked up Kearney's trail.

References: Wheat (TMW) #505.

Condition: B

Issued folding, now pressed and tissue backed. Occasional scattered foxing.

Estimate: $180 - $220

Sold for: $130

Closed on 6/8/2005