"[Lot of 2] Reconnaissance of San Clemente Harbor California... [on sheet with] Reconnaissance of Prisoner's Harbor... [and] Reconnaissance of Cuyler's Harbor... [and] Reconnaissance of the S.E. End of San Clemente Island, by the Hydrographic Party...", U.S. Coast Survey
Subject: Southern California
Period: 1852-56 (dated)
13.6 x 17.1 inches
34.5 x 43.4 cm
The Office of Coast Survey is the oldest U.S. scientific organization, dating from 1807 when Congress directed that a "survey of the coast" be carried out. By 1836, it was called the U.S. Coast Survey and in 1878, the name was changed to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Today the Office of Coast Survey is a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.
The survey teams, composed of civilians as well as Army and Naval officers, charted the nation's waterways and produced a wide array of reports, survey charts, hydrographic studies of tides and currents, astronomical studies and observations, and coastal pilots. These charts are an important record of the changing nature of the nation's coastlines. In additional to coastal charts, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey produced land sketches, Civil War battle maps, and the early aeronautical charts.
A. Reconnaissance of San Clemente Harbor California... [on sheet with] Reconnaissance of Prisoner's Harbor... [and] Reconnaissance of Cuyler's Harbor..., dated 1852, black & white (13.6 x 17.1"). This sheet includes three handsome charts of harbors in Southern California: San Clemente Harbor, Prisoner's Harbor on Santa Cruz Island, and Cuyler's Harbor on San Miguel Island. Each features nice topographical detail, bottom types, soundings, and anchorages. The San Clemente chart has a view of the northwest end of the island, and a view of Cuyler's Harbor appears on that chart. Sailing directions are located in the bottom right corner. Reduced for engraving by E. Hergesheimer, with outlines, topography, and views engraved by Max. F.O. Strobel. Lettering by Samuel E. Stull. Condition: A crisp impression issued folding and now backed in tissue to repair and reinforce a 6.5" edge tear at top.
B. Reconnaissance of the S.E. End of San Clemente Island, by the Hydrographic Party..., dated 1856, hand color (19.1 x 12.1"). This chart details the coastline, bottom types, and soundings of San Clemente Island. The large inset is a sea view of the island with a sailing ship anchored offshore. A table detailing the tides appears in the top right corner. Issued by the Hydrographic Party under the command of Lieut. James Alden, USN. Reduced by Wilson Fairfax and lithographed by James Ackerman. Condition: A dark impression issued folding and now backed in tissue to reinforce and repair several fold separations.
See description above.