"Countries Bordering on the Mississippi and Missouri", Schoolcraft, H.
Subject: Central & Southern United States
Period: 1821 (published)
Publication: Journal of a Tour into the Interior of Missouri and Arkansaw… 1818 and 1819
Color: Black & White
14.5 x 12 inches
36.8 x 30.5 cm
This rarity is an early map detailing the heart of the United States, from the region of present-day North Dakota to Lake Erie in the north, and from San Antonio to the Georgia and Florida coast in the south. The boundaries and internal political divisions of Arkansas and Missouri are unique to this map. Their western boundary is defined by the "Osage Boundary" shown at 94°W longitude. Arkansas contains two districts, namely Arkansas and Lawrence, and Missouri contains Cape Girardeau, St. Louis and Howard districts. To the west is an immense Missouri Territory which in turn incorporates a large but ill-defined Dewalieierres Grant with no mention of Texas or Cenis. Chicago is on the shore of Lake Michigan in Illinois Territory, but is shown many miles south of its correct position. The "Extended [Indian] Boundary by various Treaties" wanders through Indiana and Ohio and is loosely associated with the north-south Osage Boundary. In the area of Texas, the outward and homeward routes for Pike's expedition are delineated, many forts are named, and the Haywa Wanderings and the Haytones Wandering Grounds are located. Early wagon roads and trails noted, as are early towns and cities as far north as Cleveland. Imprint below neatline "Published Jany. 15, 1821 by Sir Richd. Phillips & Co. London." The map is bound it the original "Journal of a Tour into the Interior of Missouri and Arkansas, from Potosi, or Mine a Burton, in Missouri Territory, in a South-West Direction, toward the Rocky Mountains; Performed in the years 1818 and 1819" by Henry R. Schoolcraft, Printed for Sir Richard Phillips and Co., London. This is Schoolcraft's log detailing his remarkable 90-day expedition. Without covers, 102 pp, large folding engraved map present. Also includes 26 pp. of text at the end entitled "Voyage from France to Cochin-China."
References: Wagner & Camp #21; Howes S185.
The map has faint offsetting, minor soiling, and a 3" binding tear closed on verso with old paper. Disbound text is mostly clean with about half of the pages dog-eared in the bottom corner.