"A New & Correct Map of the Whole World Shewing ye Situation of its Principal Parts...With the most Remarkable Tracks of the Bold Attempts which have been made to find out the North East & Northwest Passages…", Moll, Herman
Period: 1719 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
47.5 x 28 inches
120.7 x 71.1 cm
This spectacular map on Mercator's projection is one of the largest world maps ever produced for an atlas. The cartographic details include the prominent insular California and recent discoveries in the South Pacific and northern Japan. There is a large inset of the North Pole depicting the potential regions where either a Northwest, or Northeast, Passage might soon be found. Correspondingly, the tracks of Henry Hudson, Thomas James, Willem Barents, in their search for this elusive northern passage to Asia, are traced on the map. Another inset world map shows the magnetic variations of the compass in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans based on recent English observations with Woodes Rogers' corresponding track through the Pacific shown on the large map. The trade winds and currents are graphically shown in the oceans. The map is filled with fascinating comments and annotations including Moll's advertisement for a new set of maps, in which he warns his clients not to purchase or subscribe to inferior works, such as those of Moses Pitt. The superb title cartouche, designed by Louis Cheron, features allegorical scenes representing Christianity and paganism, and unusual male figures representing the continents: a knight for Europe; a Turkish soldier for Asia; and native warriors for both America and Africa; and a resting, but watchful, lion representing Britain. A secondary title is contained in a rectangular cartouche at bottom. The map consists of four joined sheets.
Herman Moll was one of Britain's most prominent cartographers of the first half of the 18th century. He emigrated from Germany and went to work as an engraver for Moses Pitt in 1678. Soon he joined one of London's most interesting social circles, which gathered at Jonathan's Coffee House, and included stock speculators, scientists, archaeologists, authors, pirates, and sea-captains. From these friends, Moll gained a great deal of privileged information that he compiled into his cartographic works. Moll's success and prosperity was due in part to his social connections and political astuteness, and to his distinctive style and quality workmanship. He produced a great number of often-innovative maps, charts, globes, atlases and geographies. His best known works are the large maps produced for his World Described (and also published separately) including this world map and the famous Beaver and Codfish maps of North America.
References: Reinhartz plt. #3; Wagner (NW) #512; Phillips (M) p.1089.
Original outline color with a few insignificant spots and light toning along some folds. The map has been professionally backed with heavy tissue, repairing a couple 4" tears at bottom and reinforcing fold separations. Overall good condition for such a large-scale map.