Auction 122, Lot 227

"[Lot of 2] Map Illustrating the plan of the defences of the Western & North-Western Frontier, as proposed by the Hon: J.R. Poinsett, Sec. of War, in his report of Dec. 30, 1837 [with] Indians Hostile on Western Frontier.", Poinsett, J. R.

Subject: Central United States

Period: 1838 (published)

Publication: Senate Doc 65, 25th Congress, 2nd Session

Color: Black & White

15.5 x 21.5 inches
39.4 x 54.6 cm

This map was issued as part of the continuing debate over the nature of the frontier defenses between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains in the Secretary of War, J.R. Poinsett's report of 1837. It illustrates the proximity of the hostile Indian threat that existed in the 1830s and shows the location of Army posts that were expected to respond to any hostile action. The military troops at these individual posts were inadequate to counter significant Indian opposition making it necessary for speedy reinforcement. The map includes the states of Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana and the Indian nations bordering them to the west. Locates many military forts and outposts from Ft. Jessup to Ft. Snelling with notations throughout concerning the regions ceded by several Indian nations with the dates of the treaties. This lot is accompanied by the original report, HR Doc. 434, 25th Cong., 2d Sess., titled Indians Hostile on the Western Frontier, with 10 pages of accounts of conflicts between Native Americans and settlers and bound in blue paper as a pamphlet.

References: Clausen & Friis #182; Wheat (TMW) #426.

Condition: B+

The map has a nice impression with the usual faint toning and scattered foxing seen in this type of publication, with folds as issued. The pamphlet has a little scattered foxing.

Estimate: $300 - $400

Sold for: $220

Closed on 12/5/2007