"[Lot of 2] Etats-Unis [and] United States, Southern Part.", [blank]
Subject: Canada & United States
Period: 1835 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart.
In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.
A nice pair of maps showing the United States circa 1835.
1) Etats-Unis, published by Jules Renouard, shows the United States with its border in the Pacific Northwest extending to 54°40', well into British Columbia. Arkansas is a large territory that includes present-day Oklahoma, and Texas is a settlement named in Mexico. There are a number of Indian districts named. Published in the Geographie Moderne (14.5 x 9.3").
2) United States, Southern Part by Sidney Hall is an uncolored map of the Southeast from Chesapeake Bay, around Florida to Louisiana and north to Kentucky. The map is filled with placenames, roads, railroads and towns. Florida is sparsely developed with no names in the central portion of the state.
Map 1 with a couple of small marginal tears repaired with tissue on the verso. Map 2 is bright and clean with a trace of offsetting and the title trimmed in top margin, as issued.