Moll's Large-Scale Map of the World
, Herman Moll, 1719 . This spectacular map on Mercator's projection is one of the largest world maps ever produced for an atlas. The cartographic details include the prominent insular California
and recent discoveries in the South Pacific and northern Japan. There is a large inset of the North Pole depicting the potential regions where either a Northwest, or Northeast, Passage
might soon be found. Correspondingly, the tracks of Henry Hudson, Thomas James, Willem Barents, in their search for this elusive northern passage to Asia, are traced on the map. Another inset world map shows the magnetic variations of the compass in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans based on recent English observations with Woodes Rogers' corresponding track through the Pacific shown on the large map. The trade winds and currents are graphically shown in the oceans. The map is filled with fascinating comments and annotations including Moll's advertisement for a new set of maps, in which he warns his clients not to purchase or subscribe to inferior works, such as those of Moses Pitt. The superb title cartouche, designed by Louis Cheron, features allegorical scenes representing Christianity and paganism, and unusual male
figures representing the continents: a knight for Europe; a Turkish soldier for Asia; and native warriors for both America and Africa; and a resting, but watchful, lion representing Britain. A secondary title is contained in a rectangular cartouche at bottom. The map consists of four joined sheets.
Herman Moll was one of Britain's most prominent cartographers of the first half of the 18th century. He emigrated from Germany and went to work as an engraver for Moses Pitt in 1678. Soon he joined one of London's most interesting social circles, which gathered at Jonathan's Coffee House, and included stock speculators, scientists, archaeologists, authors, pirates, and sea-captains. From these friends, Moll gained a great deal of privileged information that he compiled into his cartographic works. Moll's success and prosperity was due in part to his social connections and political astuteness, and to his distinctive style and quality workmanship. He produced a great number of often-innovative maps, charts, globes, atlases and geographies. His best known works are the large maps produced for his World Described
(and also published separately) including this world map and the famous Beaver
maps of North America.(B ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00Ortelius' Influential Map of the New World
, Abraham Ortelius, 1587 . This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio
. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego.
This is the third of the plates that Ortelius used of the Americas, evidenced by the removal of the bulge on the southwestern coast of South America and an added cartouche in North America. Also on this plate, the Solomon Islands are noted for the first time since their discovery in 1568, and the names California, R. de los estrechos
, and C. Mendocino
have been added to the west coast of North America. The native name of Wingandekoa
has been added to the eastern coast, originating from an unsuccessful attempt to colonize the Outer Banks by the English. Latin text on verso, published in 1592.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00Mercator's Foundation Map for the Americas
, Mercator/Hondius, [1606 ]. This is one of the most famous maps of the Americas and an important foundation map for an American map collection. After the death of his grandfather, Michael Mercator produced this stunning hemispherical map, the only known printed map attributed to him. The map is surrounded by a beautifully engraved floral design and four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other insets include the Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, and Haiti. The geography was patterned after Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little added detail. There is a large inland lake in Canada, and the St Lawrence River extends nearly halfway across the continent with no Great Lakes. There is a still a bulge in the west coast of South America. The large southern continent extends above the Tropic of Capricorn in the Pacific where there is a very large island of New Guinea. Above North America are two of the four islands of the North Pole, with the great mythical rivers flowing from the pole. The seas are full of mythical islands, including St. Brendain, Frislant
and Sept citez
. Latin text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,500.00Jansson's Rare Carte-a-Figures Map of the Americas
, Hondius/Jansson, [1638 ]. This rare, magnificent map of the Americas is derived from Jodocus Hondius' map of 1618. Joannes Jansson was married to Elisabeth Hondius, sister of Jodocus, and was a prominent publisher in Amsterdam. In 1623 he produced a set of continental maps derived from those of his brother-in-law, which in turn were largely derived from those of Blaeu. North America retains the peninsular California and there is not a lot of detail along the eastern coast in the mid-Atlantic region. In the Southwest the famous seven cities of Cibola appear on the banks of a large spurious lake. In South America, there is a large inland sea in Guiana and two engraved scenes, one detailing a cannibalistic feast and the other showing a mythical giant of Patagonia. Two stylized insets of the polar regions are enclosed in strapwork cartouches; the North Pole depicts Frobisher's theory of the Northwest Passage and the South Pole shows the long-held notion of the mythical southern continent.
The map is flanked on three sides with carte-a-figures borders describing the native Americans and the major cities. This map can easily be distinguished from Hondius' map because the figures at the sides were reversed when they were copied by the engraver, the cartouche bears two skulls, and most extant examples were printed from the plate after the top right corner was damaged. The map was first issued with a panel of cities across the bottom, but that was removed for inclusion in the slightly smaller format atlases after circa 1632. This is the third state with German text on verso, published in 1638.(B ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00Allard's Elaborate Map of the Western Hemisphere
, Carel Allard, ca. 1697 . Sumptuous map of the Americas features a dramatically decorative title cartouche showing an Amazonian queen surrounded by riches, a sugar cane field and exotic animals. Inset in the cartouche is a small map of the coast of New Zealand. The cartography of North America includes all five Great Lakes and the island of California
on the Foxe model with two indented bays on the northern coastline, and a string of spurious islands off the tip of California. Above California is a huge landmass labeled Terra Esonis
that stretches nearly to Japan and Yedso. The Mississippi River is beginning to take shape with the R. Massourite
(Missouri) making its appearance. Sanson's R. del Norte
has been revised here so that there are two branches, one flowing correctly into the Gulf of Mexico and the other emptying into the sea between the mainland and the island of California (Mare Vermio cum Mare Rubrum). Interestingly the Apaches de Novajo region has moved considerably north where an unnamed river flows westward to the head of the Mare Vermio
. In South America the mythical Lake Parime is no longer shown and the major river systems are beginning to take their proper shape. The Portuguese capitanias
are delineated along the coast of Brazil. There are several islands shown in the Pacific including a coastline in the vicinity of Australia labeled Quiri Regio
. This is the second state of the map according to Burden.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00Hennepin's Important, Updated Map of North America
, Fr. Louis de Hennepin, ca. 1698 . This is an uncommon, updated version of Carte de la Nouuelle France et de la Louisiane...
that was published in Hennepin's third work, the Nouvelle Voyage d'un Pais plus grand que L'Europe
, published in 1698. The map is most notable for its depiction of the river and lake routes into the interior and the Great Lakes region. Particularly, the delineation of Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron are a marked improvement on Sanson's open-ended versions. Even with these improvements, the lack of accuracy is very evident; the lakes are enlarged and exaggerated, Hudson Bay is too far to the east and the Mississippi River too far to the west with its mouth in what is present-day Texas. An inset depicts the Pacific Northwest, with the Land of Iesso
noted very near Asia. California is not shown as an island on this example. The extravagant, pictorial cartouche more than makes up for the simple cartography. This is the second state per Burden with the imprint of Gaspar Bouttats at lower left.
Louis de Hennepin, a Franciscan missionary, accompanied LaSalle in the explorations of the Upper Mississippi. After LaSalle returned for additional supplies, Hennepin and his party were captured by Sioux Indians. While traveling with the Indians, Hennepin discovered the falls where Minneapolis now stands, and named them St. Anthony Falls, in honor of his patron saint. Rescued in 1681 by Sieur du Luth (Duluth), Hennepin returned to Europe where he published accounts of his journey with some embellishments including a claim that he preceded LaSalle to the upper Mississippi.
See also lot 53 for another map by Hennepin and lot 436 for an account of Hennepin's expedition.(B ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00Reserve Reduced by $450! Rare Map Showing Interesting Geography West of the Mississippi River
, Palairet/Delarouchette, ca. 1792 . This map was published a decade after the American Revolution and focuses on the new territorial boundaries in North America. A chart at bottom right lists the lands belonging to the United States and the European colonial powers, including Britain, France, Spain, the Dutch Republic, and Denmark. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia are contained east of the Appalachian Mountains, with the Western Territory extending to the Mississippi River and remaining open-ended in the northwest. The Western Territory is filled with numerous Indian tribes and the preliminary outlines of the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Illinois. Ft. Checagou
is noted on Lake Michigan. Florida is still under Spanish control and is divided into East and West. The western United States, also under Spanish control, is labeled Louisiana, New Mexico, and New Albion and includes several spurious mountain ranges. The Rocky Mountains are correctly illustrated in northern Canada, but then veer east towards Minnesota north of the R. Oregan
, which nearly connects the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean via a large bay labeled as the Entrance of Juan de Fuca
. The map was created circa 1792 due to the identification of the "state of Vermont" (which had achieved statehood in March 1791) in a key in the Atlantic, yet the fact that Kentucky, which achieved statehood in June 1792, is not yet marked as a state. Another clue to the publication date is the existence of Mackenzies River
leading to the Canadian Arctic, based on Alexander Mackenzie's 1789 expedition, yet no sign of his 1792-93 expedition to the Pacific Ocean. Also missing are any references to George Vancouver's expedition to the Pacific northwest from 1792-94.
This map was based on the work of Jean Palairet, with significant updates and improvements by Louis Stanislaw d'Arcy Delarochette based on maps by D'Anville, Mitchell, and Bellin, as noted in the title. Published by Carrington Bowles & Jonathan Carver. This map is similar to Bowles's New Pocket Map of North America...
, which is more common. (B ). Estimate: $1,500.00 - $1,800.00Decorative Map Published During the California Gold Rush
, Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning, 1854 . This pocket map was published at the end of the California Gold Rush and was created to show "all the routes to California." This was also a time when many territorial borders were in interesting configurations. Eight large territories make up the majority of the Western United States, which would later become 15 different states. These territories include Washington, Oregon, Northwest, Minnesota, Utah, New Mexico, Nebraska, and Indian Territory. The map is filled with many details including rivers, railroads, wagon roads and Indian tribes and extends to include portions of Canada, Central America, northern South America and all of the Caribbean islands. Sea routes between various ports are displayed along with 5 vignettes of sailboats and steamships and at lower left is a table listing distances between ports. Surrounded by a decorative border. The original boards are no longer present.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00Rare First Issue of Landmark in American Cartography - First Printed Map to Accurately Depict the Mouth of the Mississip
, Guillaume Delisle, 1703 . This is the uncommon first edition of Delisle's important map of the region with the Rue des Canettes address.
This important map is credited with accurately showing the course of the Mississippi River and its mouth for the first time. It was compiled partly from the reports of important French expeditions of La Salle, Bienville and Iberville. It is an attractive map that includes much of the present-day United States, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The map correctly shows the Great Lakes region, the English settlements along the East Coast, and the early Spanish and Indian settlements in what are now Texas and New Mexico. The early native settlement of Checagou
(Chicago) is named on Lake Michigan, called Lac des Ilinois
after the native tribe. The name of Checagou
refers to the wild garlic that grew abundantly there. The map influenced later delineations of the Mississippi River by Seutter, Homann, Lotter and others for many years. The decorative cartouche was engraved by C. Simmoneau.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $5,000.00Index Sheet of Popple's Map
, Popple/Covens & Mortier, ca. 1741 . This is the index sheet of the Dutch version of Henry Popple's important map of the British Empire in North America, published by Covens and Mortier. Popple's map is the finest and most detailed map of America of its time and covers the eastern part of North America between the Mississippi River and Newfoundland and the adjoining regions of Central and South America and the Caribbean. Popple relied on numerous sources in creating his map, including Delisle, De Fer, Colonel John Barnwell, James Edward Oglethorpe, and Cadwallader Colden. Despite Popple's use of up-to-date sources, cartographical errors still remain. Lake Ontario is depicted in a southwest to northeast orientation, rather than its nearly east-west orientation. Lake Michigan is called by the old French name of Lake Illinois
. A large lake filled with small islands appears in the area of present-day South Dakota. Popple's map was also criticized for relying too heavily on French sources and therefore showing land claims that were unfavorable to the British.
Despite the geographical inaccuracies, Popple's map was filled with splendid artistic elements. In upper left and right hand corners are insets of Niagara Falls, Mexico City, Quebec and New York City. At right is a column of 18 plans of ports, harbors and islands including Cartagena, Charleston, Bermuda, New York, and Boston. The map is richly embellished with a title cartouche featuring Native Americans, monkeys, a crocodile and a scene of European traders. Numerous ships and sea battles are shown throughout the oceans that are hachured to depict current directions. Engraved by Johannes Condet.(A ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00First Edition of Mackenzie's Famous Account
, Alexander Mackenzie, [1801 ]. This is the first and finest edition of Mackenzie's famous account of his epic journeys to the North and Northwest composed in two volumes - first to the Arctic Ocean in 1789, and second to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. Alexander Mackenzie was the first white man to cross the North American continent north of Mexico and thus totally dispel the belief in a Northwest Passage
from Hudson Bay. His courageous voyages were ones of incredible hardship and mark an important page in the cartographic history of North America. Mackenzie's writings on his journeys came to the attention of Thomas Jefferson and served as the catalyst to Lewis and Clark's famous expedition to the Pacific Northwest. Included in his remarkable account are three very important and rare maps:
A. A Map of Mackenzie’s Track from Fort Chipewyan to the North Sea, in 1789
(22 x 23.4"). This basic map charts the 1,100-mile Mackenzie River, traveling from the Great Slave Lake to Mackenzie Bay in the Arctic Ocean. Mackenzie had been following Peter Pond's false prediction of a river that led from the Great Slave Lake west to the Pacific Ocean, but instead ended up in the Arctic.
B. A Map of Mackenzie’s Track from Fort Chipewyan to the Pacific Ocean in 1793
(22 x 23.6"). This map is sparsely engraved with detail only in the regions adjacent to his trek from Fort Chipewyan to Finlay Forks, south along the Parsnip River (headwater of the Peace River), then down the Herrick and McGregor Rivers to the Great Fork
with the Fraser River (which he mistook for the upper Columbia). He followed the river until the rapids just above Williams Lake and then made his way on foot along established native trails to the Pacific at the mouth of the Bella Coola River.
C. A Map of America, between Latitudes 40 and 70 North, and Longitudes 45 and 180 West, Exhibiting Mackenzie’s Track from Montreal to Fort Chipewyan & from thence onto the North Sea in 1789, & to the West Pacific Ocean in 1793
, hand color (17.3 x 30.5"). Shows the entire track of both the 1789 and 1793 expeditions from Montreal to the Arctic Sea and then on to the Pacific Ocean. Inland detail is limited to the river system, lakes and Indian tribes mainly along his route.
After his journeys, Mackenzie retired back to his native Scotland as a wealthy fur-trader, where he wrote the Voyages
, published in London in 1801. 412 pages including three folding maps and an engraved portrait frontispiece. Quarto, hardbound in quarter leather with tips over marbled boards with gilt title and embossing on spine.(B ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $6,500.00Includes the Reduced, First State of Lahontan's Influential Map Depicting Riviere Longue
, Baron Louis Armand de Lahontan, [1704-09 ]. Louis Armand, Baron de Lahontan served ten years in the French military in Canada, was involved in the Indian Wars, and commanded several posts in the west. He traveled extensively in the Wisconsin and Minnesota region and the upper Mississippi Valley. Upon his return to Europe he wrote this enormously popular travelogue. In it he embellished his knowledge of the geography of the Great Lakes region, invented Indian tribes, and created several fictions, particularly the River Longue
, which he claimed extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Over twenty editions of his book were published between 1703 and 1741, including editions in French, English, Dutch and German. The immense popularity of the book resulted in his distorted cartography being accepted by several eminent cartographers who incorporated the "Lahontan" concepts into most 18th century maps.
Volume 1 is the 1704 French edition containing three folding maps and 11 single page plates of illustrations. Carte Generale du Canada en Petit Point
(3.5 x 5.5") shows the Great Lakes, Boston, Manhattan (Manat) and the Saint Lawrence. It locates the lands of the Iroquois, Fort Niagara, Fort de S. Joseph, Sault Ste. Marie, Montreal and Quebec. Profil de la Ville de Quebec
(8 x 3.6") is a bird's-eye view of Quebec with an extensive key below locating important buildings. The river is filled with French ships and the fleet of the British slightly down river. The third map is one of the most influential, and fanciful maps in American cartographic history, entitled Carte que les Gnacsitares ont Dessine sur…/ Carte de la Riviere Longue et de Quelques Autres…
(11.5 x 5"). It purports to show the Riviere Longue
flowing from the mountains in the west, home to the Gnacsitares Indians, and connecting to the Mississippi River. On the western side of the mountains is another river, presumably flowing into the Pacific. Lahontan's concept was copied by virtually all 18th century cartographers including Moll, Senex, Popple, and Delisle, thus perpetuating the myth. The map also includes balloon-shaped Lakes Superior and Michigan. This is the rare first state with "Tom 1er Pag. 136" at upper right. This first state has several differences with later maps including Mississippi written as Missisippi
. Complete with 14 engravings and maps, 280 pp. Bound in original full brown calf, spine tooled in gilt with raised bands.
Volume 2 is the 1709 French edition of this important book. It includes 10 single-page illustrations and the Petit Dictionaire de la Langue des Sauvages
, a very early Algonquin and Huron dictionary. No maps are present in this volume. 210 pages with a 17 page index. Also bound in original full brown calf, spine tooled in gilt with raised bands. (B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00German Edition of Hennepin's Map of Eastern North America
, Fr. Louis de Hennepin, 1698 . This is the German edition of Hennepin's significant map which focuses on the region of French influence in North America. It is most notable for its depiction of the river and lake routes into the interior and the Great Lakes region, particularly the delineation of Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron, which are a marked improvement over Sanson's maps. Even with these improvements, the lack of accuracy is very evident; the lakes are enlarged and exaggerated, Hudson Bay is too far to the east and the Mississippi River too far to the west with its mouth in what is present-day Texas. This German copy was produced one year after the French edition (1697), and while it has a German title, the place names remain in French.
Louis de Hennepin, a Franciscan missionary, accompanied LaSalle in the explorations of the Upper Mississippi. After LaSalle returned for additional supplies, Hennepin and his party were captured by Sioux Indians. While traveling with the Indians, Hennepin discovered the falls where Minneapolis now stands and named them St. Anthony Falls, in honor of his patron saint. Rescued in 1681 by Sieur du Luth (Duluth), Hennepin returned to Europe where he published accounts of his journey with some embellishments, including a claim that he preceded LaSalle to the upper Mississippi.
See also lot 27 for another map by Hennepin and lot 436 for an account of Hennepin's expedition.(B ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00A Map Showing Fascinating Geographic Misconceptions
, Pierre Mortier, ca. 1700 . This is the western sheet of Mortier's interesting map that is filled with various geographic misconceptions of the late seventeenth century. The map is based on Robert Morden's important map of 1698, New Map of the English Empire in America
, even though the cartouche credits le Sieur S.
(Nicolas Sanson). The area shown extends from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi, R. Mitchisipi ou Rio Grande
, enters the gulf too far west; an error resulting from the intentionally faulty reports of French explorer La Salle. The coastal areas are filled with names including James Tovum
on the well-defined Chesapeake Bay. The map has both French and English names including a mention of a Copper Mine
near what would become Chicago. The Great Lakes are all present, but with some odd shapes; Lake Michigan is square in shape and Green Bay is very elongated and named Bay de Puans
(Bay of evil smells). A prominent mountain range begins in the Michigan peninsula and runs all the way down through Florida. This spurious feature is one of the most mysterious geographic mistakes in the mapping of North America. The notorious errors derived from the reports of John Lederer (Ashley Lake
, the Savana
, and the Desert Arenosa
) are present in Caroline
. Boston Harbor is inset at the upper left; the first example of an English colonial city on a map that did not originate in England.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00One of the Most Informative 18th Century Maps of the French Possessions in North America
, Henry Abraham Chatelain, ca. 1719 . Derived from Nicholas de Fer's important four-sheet map of 1718, this is the most informative map of the French possessions in North America in the early 18th century. Louisiana and the Mississippi Valley are based on Delisle's manuscript map of 1701, while the geography of New England and eastern Canada originates with Franquelin. Inset at top left is a large-scale map of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay, based on the voyage of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. Another inset plan and view of Quebec is enclosed in a very decorative cartouche at bottom right. The map is filled with wildlife, scenes of Indians hunting, Indian villages and notations, and the oceans are embellished with numerous ships, canoes and sea monsters. It was issued to promote the recently established Compagnie Francoise Occident, which was formed to fund the debt of Louis XIV and offered inducements to encourage settlement in Louisiana.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,500.00 - $3,250.00Striking Map of French Colonial Possessions
, Nicholas de Fer, ca. 1719 . A striking and informative map derived from Nicholas de Fer's important four-sheet map of 1718. It describes the French possessions in North America in the early 18th century. Louisiana and the Mississippi valley are based on Delisle's manuscript map of 1701, while the geography of New England and eastern Canada originates with Franquelin. Inset at top left is a large-scale depiction of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay, based on the expedition of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. A large architectural style cartouche at right encloses both a view and plan of Quebec. The map is filled with minutely engraved wildlife, scenes of Indians hunting, Indian villages and notations. The oceans are embellished with numerous ships, canoes and sea monsters. It is very similar to Chatelain's map of the same title, but this has a more elaborate Quebec inset cartouche and a simpler border for the inset map of the Gulf Coast. De Fer's large map was issued to promote the recently established Compagnie Françoise Occident, which was formed to fund the debt of Louix XIV and offered inducements to encourage settlement in Louisiana. This smaller version is found in atlases published by Ottens and other Dutch composite atlases. There is no engraver or publisher's imprint.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,300.00 - $2,750.00Uncommon French & Indian War Map
, Le Rouge, 1755 . This important map was issued at the outbreak of hostilities in the French and Indian War
. The detailed map depicts the entire eastern seaboard from northern Florida to the Strait of Belle Isle, and the Great Lakes region up to Lake Michigan and eastern Lake Superior. The American interests of France, England and Spain are shown in great detail and color-coded. Fort Duquesne is shown in two different places on the map - according to D’Anville and also to Jefferys. A large inset shows the upper Mississippi River valley with the important frontier forts. A smaller inset shows the lower Mississippi and Gulf Coast. A small vignette of Niagara Falls adds further interest to this fascinating map.
This is the second state of the map with two color-coded keys to the right of Nova Scotia identifying the "pretensions" (claims) of both the English and French. Le Rouge later updated the plate in 1777 and retitled it to Theatre de la Guerre en Amerique
, and the map also made an appearance in Francois Soules' Histoire des Troubles de l'Amerique Anglaises
, published in 1787.(A ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00Features Map Depicting Franklinia and Morgania
, Liancourt, [1800 ]. This is the second English edition of Francois Alexander Frederic La Rochefoucald Liancourt's account of his travels in Canada and the United States. A supporter of the French monarchy, La Rochefoucald Liancourt fled to England and then the United States during the French Revolution. He spent 3 years in exile in North America and published an account of his experience upon returning to France in 1799. His work describes in detail the political constitution, natural history, physical geography, agriculture, and the customs of the inhabitants of the United States. Included are three folding maps:
A. Map of the United States, Canada the River St. Lawrence, the Lakes &c.
(13.3 x 16"). This great map of the fledgling nation includes numerous areas of interest. In New England, Maine is shown with a truncated northern boundary, reflecting the British view of the border dispute. Georgia's western boundary is the Mississippi River. Florida, at the time a Spanish territory, is divided into East and West, with the notation "Land Claimed by the United States" on the northern boundary on the 31st parallel. The proposed state of Franklinia
is located in eastern Tennessee. This 'state' of Franklin was formed in 1784 by a group of westerners
, with John Sevier appointed as Governor. Due to some fascinating political intrigue, Franklinia was never recognized by Congress and eventually was re-annexed by North Carolina. The region west of the Mississippi River (present-day Missouri and Arkansas) is named Morgania
, which at the time was Spanish territory. In an effort to protect New Orleans and trade on the Mississippi River, the Spanish employed the assistance of an American named Col. George Morgan to establish a colony in a vast tract of land opposite of the mouth of the Ohio River. The colony, also known as New Madrid, lasted but a short while, due to yet more political intrigue and to extensive flooding of the Mississippi. Engraved by Smith & Jones. Condition: Light offsetting and a short binding tear that has been closed on verso with archival tape. (B+)
B. Map of the Southern Provinces of the United States
(19.8 x 13.5"). This interesting map covers all of the Carolinas with parts of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia. Features great detail of early roads and settlements. Between Tennessee and Georgia is a long strip of land labeled United States Territory
. This land originally belonged to South Carolina but was ceded back to the United States in 1787. Numerous Indian villages are shown, especially in the region of present-day Alabama. Engraved by John Russell. Condition: A dark impression with scattered foxing and minor offsetting. (B)
C. Map of the Northern Provinces of the United States
(19.8 x 12.6"). This map covers all of the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic, extending south to below Alexandria and west to beyond Wheeling on the Ohio River. Early county development in Pennsylvania is current to 1794, prior to the organization of Greene and Lycoming Counties. The Lands of the Six Nations
appear in western New York beside Lake Erie. There is very good detail of roads throughout the region. Engraved by John Russell Jr. Condition: Moderate foxing with light offsetting and a tiny binding tear at right. (B)
Also included are nine folding tables outlining the number and types of criminal convictions, the types and amounts of exports and imports between the United States and England, and several tables related to the functioning of the government of the United States and each individual state and territory. Octavo, 4 volumes: Pp. xvi, 591, ; 523, ; 717, ; 610, . Hardbound in full leather, gilt tooling on spine with red leather title label.
See also lots 104, 105, 108, 116, and 163 for other maps that depict the state of Franklin.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00Darby's Early Emigrant Guide
, William Darby, [1818 ]. This rare, important guide is packed with useful information for travelers. Bound into the front of the volume is a large, folding Map of the United States Including Louisiana
(22.5 x 18"). The map features an unusual, early "stovepipe" configuration of Texas with a narrow panhandle trailing northwesterly into the Rocky Mountain region. A note located in the interior portion of Texas states that "this part of the Provincias Internas is but imperfectly known; no scientific traveller having ever explored, the wide range from St. Antonio de Behar to Red River." Louisiana is shown with its current boundaries for the state and also in its large territorial configuration. The Missouri Territory is named, but not delineated. Also included is a small folding map entitled Chart of Mobile, Perdido & Pensacola Bays
(8 x 8"), and an untitled single-page diagram of a township & range survey system. Sabin notes two maps, while Howes calls for three (the diagram being the likely difference). 311 pages plus a 13 page index. Octavo, hardbound in original, full leather with gilt title on spine.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00Reserve Reduced by $800! Delisle's Influential Map of the Louisiana Territory
, Delisle/Covens & Mortier, ca. 1730 . This is a later edition of Delisle's influential map of the French possession of Louisiana that drew together the cartographic work of the previous half century and had a tremendous impact on the history of cartography. When originally published in 1718, it was the first detailed map of the Gulf region and the Mississippi, and the first to show the explorations of De Soto, Cavelier, Tonty, Moscoso and Denis. The map was designed for the political purpose of invalidating the English claims west of the Appalachian Mountains and laid claim to Carolina by the French, which provoked an angry English response. The name Texas made its first appearance in print on the earlier edition of this map, with the legendary Mission de los Teijas
, established in 1716. The notation of Indiens errans et anthrophages
along the Gulf Coast warns of cannibals. However, it is the cartography of the Mississippi Valley for which the map is notable today. An inset of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay fills the lower right corner, titled Carte Particuliere des Embouchures de la Riviere S. Louis et de la Mobile
. This is the Covens & Mortier edition, a re-engraving of the original plate, updated with the addition of New Orleans.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00Map Depicting the Proposed State of Franklin
, Franz Ludwig Gussefeld, 1800 . One of the most interesting and scarce features on early maps of the United States is the appearance of the proposed State of Franklin
. In 1784 settlers in the frontier west of the Appalachian Mountains organized a state government with the state to be named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. Congress turned down their appeal but the state maintained a legislature and governor until 1788. This ephemeral state appeared on a small number of maps into the early part of the 19th century. On this map, and other continental European maps, Franklin is misplaced in the region that is now West Virginia and eastern Kentucky, instead of eastern Tennessee. Elsewhere on this interesting map, the region north of the Ohio River is labeled Indiana and includes locations of Indian villages and a few early settlements and forts. Maine extends well into New Brunswick. This is the first state of the map. See our June 2015 newsletter article on the State of Franklin here
See also lots 64, 105, 108, 116, and 163 for other maps that depict the state of Franklin.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00Early Travel Guide of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers
, Christian Schultz, [1810 ]. This two volume travel guide was written by Christian Schultz. It describes Schultz's inland journey from New York state to New Orleans via the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, and is notable for giving an accurate and detailed account of this frontier region. Schultz's book is a compilation of his letters, and was published in direct response to an earlier travel guide written by Englishman Thomas Ashe in 1806. Ashe had traveled on both of these rivers and wrote mostly negative reports, arousing much bitterness among Americans toward British visitors. The two volumes are illustrated by 2 plates and 5 folding maps (see images) including:
Map of the United States Including Louisiana
(18.6 x 16.4"). The map extends beyond the Mississippi River to past the 100th meridian. Depicts a large Mississippi Territory occupying present-day Alabama and Mississippi, and a large Indiana Territory comprised of Wisconsin and eastern Minnesota. Florida is divided between East & West. The map locates numerous forts and mines along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Condition: There is a 7.5" binding tear at right that has been closed on verso with paper tape.
Map of the Mississippi River Containing the Route from the Mouth of the Ohio to New-Orleans
(13.0 x 9.7"). Two separate maps on one sheet. Condition: The bottom right quarter of the map has torn away and has been restated in facsimile. (C+)
A Map of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers...
(13.2 x 7.5").
A Plan of the Ruins of the Ancient Fortifications at Marietta
(7.6 x 7.7").
Map of the Ohio River and Part of the Mississippi Containing the Route from Pittsburgh to St. Louis and the Mines
(16.0 x 8.75").
Howes describes the account as the "best description of this region at the period." Volume one (207 page) has 4 folding maps and 2 plates. Volume two (224 pages) has 1 folding map. Octavo, hardbound in original quarter calf over marbled boards.(B ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00Early Map of the United States Featuring Franklinia and the Indiana Land Company
, Robert Wilkinson, 1812 . This small map of the young United States includes several important historical regions. One of the most unique and scarce features on early maps of the U.S. is the appearance of Franklinia
. In 1785 settlers in present-day western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee organized a state government to be named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. Congress turned down their appeal but the fledgling state maintained a legislature and governor until 1788. This ephemeral state appeared on only a small number of maps into the early part of the 19th century. Another interesting feature is the region labeled Indiana
that appears in what is now West Virginia. This land was a major contention between the private Indiana Land Company
and the State of Virginia in the latter part of the 18th century. The argument over ownership of the property resulted in the Eleventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the Indiana Land Company
lost its claim to the land. Another uncommon regional name is New Iberia
, the original Spanish settlement in the region of New Madrid, Missouri. The large Western Territory
takes up present-day Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. A table below the title lists twenty states, territories, and governments (including Franklinia) with their founding dates. Engraved by B. Smith and published by Hamilton Adams & Co. This is the second state of the map, dated 1812. See our June 2015 newsletter article on the State of Franklin here
See also lots 64, 104, 105, 116, and 163 for other maps that depict the state of Franklin.(B+ ). Estimate: $700.00 - $850.00First Edition of Melish's Map of the United States
, John Melish, [1812 ]. This is the first edition of Melish's Travels in the United States of America
and includes a total of 8 maps (4 folding) between the two volumes. Melish was the first American publisher to concentrate on cartographic and geographic publications. Born in Scotland, Melish emigrated to the United States intent on farming. After traveling some 2,400 miles throughout the northeast looking at land, he finally settled on Philadelphia in 1811. A year later, he published Travels
which included his very first maps. He soon came to dominate the industry in this country, and had a huge impact on all subsequent American map-making.
The frontispiece to volume 1 is Melish's famous Map of the United States of America
(17.4 x 13.0"), which was also likely the first engraved map by H.S. Tanner. Tanner also had a large impact on mapmaking, becoming one of the finest producers of 19th century maps and atlases. This map should not be confused with Melish's more common and nearly identical "United States of America Compiled from the latest & best Authorities" that was published in several editions between 1818 and 1822. Tanner's imprint was included in the first edition, but subsequently removed for later editions, making for easy identification. Cartographically, the map extends west to include both the state of Louisiana and Louisiana Territory. It provides a good view of the first 300 miles of the Missouri River based on information from the expeditions of Lewis & Clark, Pike, Humboldt and others. The early territories of Michigan, Illinois, Indiana are noted as well as an unnamed region that takes in the area that would become Wisconsin and Minnesota. A notation of Yazoo Speculation
in the oversized Mississippi Territory refers to the Yazoo Land Fraud
perpetrated in 1789-1796 when the region was part of Georgia. Includes good detail throughout the states with towns and villages, Indian place names, roads and trails, forts and watershed identified. Also included in volume one is a folding Chart of the Atlantic Ocean
(10.6 x 8.6"). Volume two includes folding maps of Kentucky
(13.5 x 7.5") and Ohio
(9.2 x 9.5") engraved by John Vallance, and four single page maps showing Pittsburg, the Falls of the Ohio River, Zanesville, and Niagara Falls.
Octavo, hardbound in full leather with gilt titles on red labels on spine. Both front free end papers contain the signature of Theodore Gourdin, Washington City, May 1813. Gourdin, from South Carolina, served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1813-1815. The front pastedowns contain the bookplates of the Sondley Reference Library in Asheville, North Carolina.(B ). Estimate: $2,300.00 - $3,000.00Highly Detailed British Atlas Map Featuring the Independent Republic of Texas
, Alexander K. Johnston, ca. 1842 . This handsome and very detailed map of the eastern United States features the independent Republic of Texas
. Typical of British maps of this period, the map is densely engraved with information including an incredible network of roads and trails, built and proposed railways, operational and proposed canals, and lighthouse locations. The territories of Wisconsin and Iowa are both depicted, with Iowa stretching between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and extending to the Canadian border. Texas is shown with its borders extending from the Rio Grande to the Arkansas, encompassing Santa Fe and beyond Pike's Peak and James Peak. All of the important settlements in Texas are noted including all the communities along the Rio Grande. A note in the bottom left corner states "The Independence of Texas was formally declared in March 1836. It was recognized by Great Britain in Novr. 1840; and has been acknowledged by the United States, France, Holland and Belgium." In the upper left corner is an inset, Sketch of the River Niagara
. There is a note in the Atlantic regarding the Slave-holding States
. From Johnston’s early lithographed edition of his National Atlas
. Engraved by William & Alexander K. Johnston. (A ). Estimate: $1,100.00 - $1,400.00Reserve Reduced by $300! Important Map of Colonial New England and the Mid-Atlantic in Full Original Color
, Willem Blaeu, ca. 1640 . This important map, first issued in 1635, is one of the first to focus on the Dutch colony in North America and to name Nieu Amsterdam
(New York). It is based on the manuscript of Andriaen Block (1614), a Dutch fur trader, who explored the area between Cape Cod and Manhattan and was the first to correctly delineate the longitudinal scale of the coastline and establish Manhattan as an island. The colony of Nieu Pleimonth
is identified, as well as other English names along the coast, which were derived from Smith's map of New England in 1616. The map is oriented with north to the right and is richly adorned with a variety of wildlife, including the first appearance of beavers, polecats and otters on a printed map. Quebec is noted with a minute depiction of the fort and buildings, and the mythical kingdom pf Norumbega
is noted near the R. Pentagouet
(Penobscot River) in present-day Maine. A large Mohawk village is shown derived from the White-de Bry engravings. It is further embellished with a large title cartouche flanked by two natives, sailing ships, canoes, and compass roses. Latin text on verso, published between 1640-55.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00A Seminal Map of the Southeast and Early American Cartography - Full Original Color
, Jodocus Hondius, ca. 1613 . This stunning map was compiled from two of the most important source maps of the early colonial period: John White's Virginia and Jacques le Moyne's Florida. Hondius' map became the prototype map of the region for the first half of the 17th century and continued to influence the cartography of the region until the middle of the 18th century. Largely due to the enormous success of Hondius' Atlas
, Le Moyne's erroneous depiction of a large inland lake (Lacus aquae dulcis
) from which the R. de May
(St. John's River) flows in a southeasterly direction was popularized. Chesapeake Bay, here called Chesepioock Sinus
, and the area south towards C.S. Romano Hispanis
are shown in their White delineations. The Indian villages of Paquiwok, Croatoan
, and Wococon
are named in the Outer Banks and several others along the Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds. The map is extensively decorated with depictions of Indian villages incorporated in the title cartouche, a Floridian king and queen and Virginian natives in a canoe taken from De Bry, wildlife including a wild turkey, ships, sea monsters and a superb compass rose. French text on verso, published between 1613-1616.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00Landmark Map for Mapping of the Mississippi River
, Nicholas de Fer, 1705 . This interesting map focuses on the French explorations in the Mississippi Valley and the Gulf Coast, and is the fist to incorporate the Spanish discoveries in the region. Here, De Fer highlights information gleaned from the expeditions of La Salle and Iberville with the primary purpose of showing the progress of French exploration in the region. La Salle had explored the Mississippi from the north in 1682-83 and returned by sea to establish a French colony in 1685. He missed the Mississippi delta and landed on the Texas coast, an error probably due to his inability to calculate longitude and because prominent maps of the period placed the mouth of the river far to the west of its true location. In 1686, Spanish pilot Juan Enriquez Barroto set off in search of La Salle's colony and made detailed records of estuaries and landmarks along the Gulf Coast. Although his map is lost, it was copied on a manuscript chart by Juan Bisente, who was captured by the French in 1697 along with his map. As a result, De Fer was able to include the new and more accurate Spanish information on his map, in particular the southeastward trending lower course of the Mississippi River, which had been incorrectly depicted on previous maps. The map also shows the basically correct relationship of the Mississippi River to Lake Pontchartrain and the Gulf of Mexico. The site of La Salle's ill-fated colony near Matagorda Bay in modern-day Texas is shown and the title cartouche also dramatizes the explorer's tragic death at the hands of his own men. Engraved by Vincent de Ginville. As a result of combining both French and Spanish explorations, De Fer was able to produce the most accurate map of the region for its time. The map was first published in 1701, and then reissued in De Fer's Atlas Curieux
in 1705. This landmark map was used as the cover illustration for The Historic New Orleans Collection's excellent reference work, Charting Louisiana
.(B+ ). Estimate: $950.00 - $1,200.00One of the Earliest Published Maps of the English Colony of Georgia
, Jean Frederic Bernard, [1737 ]. This scarce map is one of the earliest published maps of the English colony of Georgia. It is a somewhat larger example that was apparently taken from the 1733 map in Martyn's Reasons for Establishing The Colony of Georgia
, although with numerous errors and omissions. This map has also been attributed to James Oglethorpe, founder of the British Georgia colony in 1732, and presents extensive English claims southward to just north of St. Augustine, no doubt inflaming Spanish interests at the time. This hostility led to the War of Jenkins Ear in 1739. The map covers the region from Florida and up the east coast extending north to above the Cartuck River at the northern border of South Carolina. It extends west to beyond the Mississippi River, showing all of colonial South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The southern portion of Florida is composed of numerous islands. A southerly bloated coast along the Florida panhandle suggests vast lands that could be utilized by farmers under the “Oglethorpe Plan” for colonization. Coincidentally, the lands end at the line demarcating “The South Bounds of Carolina”. Few settlements are identified, with the exception of Charles Town
, Port Royall
, St. Augustine and a few others, and the prime meridian is drawn at Charleston. This map also includes notations related to the number of men in various Indian tribes: Illinois 500 men, Weachthenoes 500 men, Okesee Nation 700 men. A fascinating map that was clearly constructed to promote the Georgia colonization efforts.
The map is still bound into Bernard's ninth volume of Recueil de Voiages au Nord...
. The 464 pages of text are divided into two parts describing relations with the Natchez Indians, and the land between New Mexico and the "frozen sea." 16 mo., hardbound in full contemporary leather with gilt title label, tooling, and raised bands on spine.
(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00Reserve reduced by $100! Two Important Revolutionary War Charts
, Depot de la Marine, 1778-80 . Two important Revolutionary War
period sea charts issued by the Depot de la Marine on an elephant folio sheet. These maps were prepared by the French Navy under Antoine Sartine, Minister of Marine, upon their entry in to the war on the American side. First is an elegant rendering of part of the Gulf Coast covering the region between St. Joseph Bay and Vermilion Bay. Numerous rivers, bays, islands and lakes are identified, as are the towns/forts of Pensacola, Mobile, Biloxi and New Orleans. The ruins of Fort la Boulaye, established in 1700 as the first French outpost, are shown (incorrectly) on the west bank of the Mississippi River below New Orleans. The second map covers the Florida Peninsula from St. Mary's River to St. Joseph Bay and south to the Everglades. It extends to include the Bahama Channel, the Bahamas, the Florida Keys and the northern coast of Cuba. Rhumb lines and coastal soundings further graphically enhance these attractive charts. Each chart has its own borders and they could be separated for framing as they are oriented opposite of one another on the sheet. They are generally not sold together.
The plans are remarkable for the amount of interior detail provided in light of their intended marine use.(A+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00Reserve Reduced by $450! Desirable Strip-Style Civil War Map of the Mississippi
, Charles Magnus, ca. 1863 . This great Civil War map is in the strip-map style on four panels. The map shows the course of the Mississippi River from its confluence with the Missouri River south to its delta on the Gulf of Mexico. There is excellent detail throughout as it locates towns and villages, forts, railroad lines, tributaries, and islands. Beside St. Louis, Memphis, Vicksburg, and New Orleans are finely rendered birds-eye views of the cities. The two distance tables include distances obtained by steamer. This a nice example of this map, which is usually found in rough condition. Blank verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,300.00 - $1,600.00Map of the Mississippi River valley Following the Mississippi Bubble Incident
, Anonymous, ca. 1721 . This scarce little map depicts the French possessions in the Mississippi River valley. The map is largely based on Hennepin with enlarged Great Lakes and the Mississippi located too far to the west of its true course. Numerous forts, proposed colonial settlements, and Indian villages are located as well as Mines de St. Barbe
. The map is decorated with a title cartouche incorporating the arms of John Law and a crest showing two Native Americans holding a large golden horn of plenty from which the Mississippi flows.
This map was most likely engraved by Leonard Schenk. It accompanied a satirical account of the collapse of the French Compagnie de la Louisiane d'Occident, known as the Mississippi Bubble
incident, and one of the most infamous financial meltdowns in history. John Law, a Scottish financier, established the company in 1717 and was granted control of Louisiana. Law developed an elaborate plan to exploit the fabulous resources of the region, which quickly gained popularity and people rushed to invest. Share prices opened at 500 livres and rapidly rose to 18,000 livres. At this point the bubble
burst; speculators cashed in, caused a run on the shares, and the company went bankrupt. As a consequence of the failure, confidence in other similar companies failed, and thousands of individual investors across Europe were ruined.(A ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00Reserve Reduced by $500! An Unauthorized Account of Lewis & Clark's Expedition
, William Fisher, [1812 ]. This is the second American edition of an unauthorized account of Lewis & Clark's expedition to the Pacific Ocean. This spurious account was published due to strong public interest in the topic coupled with the fact that the authorized version had not yet been released (1814). Given the limited information on the actual journey (Patrick Gass, Sergeant of the Corps of Discovery, had published his account in 1807), the author was reliant on information in the public domain and "partly from other authors who travelled among the various tribes of Indians." The author goes as far as adding a preface and introduction borrowed from Thomas Jefferson's communications to Congress and calling it a "recommendation" from the President. This "apocryphal edition" was first published in 1809 in London and Philadelphia, followed by German editions in 1811 and 1812. Compiled by William Fisher and published by James Sharan in Philadelphia. The present example includes one portrait and two title pages as noted in Howes "aa."
See also lots 211 & 213 for other accounts of Lewis & Clark's expedition.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,500.00Reserve reduced by $1000! London Edition of Lewis & Clark's Famous Map
, Lewis & Clark, [1817 ]. This is the third London edition of this landmark map. Printed in 1817, it follows the 1814 Philadelphia edition, and the 1814 and 1815 London editions. The London editions contain a re-engraved map by Neele of nearly identical size, omitting the "Saml. Harrison sc." and showing the publisher's name below the bottom border.
The map is widely considered to be one of the most important maps in United States history. According to Wheat, "This 1814 map was the progenitor of many later maps, and one of the most influential ever drawn, its imprint still to be seen on maps of Western America." He continues, "This was a great map, a milestone of mapping in its time, and countless place names it gave to the face of America remain today as an ineradicable cultural heritage."
The map itself marks the culmination of a 28-month journey in which Meriwether Lewis and William Clark would finally dispel the notion of a Northwest Passage
. Before their discoveries, it was widely believed that the headwaters of the Missouri River and Columbia River were very close to one another geographically, and that the only obstacle to creating a canal or portage was a plateau or gentle hill. Instead, Lewis and Clark discovered a series of rugged mountains dividing the two rivers. Additionally, they found that the waters off the western slopes of the Rockies were not navigable, compounding the problem. As a result of their expedition, the myth of the great Northwest Passage was finally put to rest, and the discoveries of Lewis and Clark would shape the next generation of cartographers and their maps of the western United States.
The map is accompanied by volume 1 (411 pages) of the three volume set and includes two additional plates: Ancient Fortification on the Missouri
and Great Falls of the Missouri
. Octavo, hardbound in quarter calf over marbled boards. Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown at Paternoster Row, London. Volume 1 only.
See also lots 210 & 211 for other accounts of Lewis & Clark's expedition.
(B ). Estimate: $7,000.00 - $9,000.00Fremont's Large Map of the American West
, Fremont/Preuss, [1845 ]. This is the large edition of the influential map which details John Charles Fremont's epic exploration of the American West. Fremont and his traveling companion and topographer, George Carl Preuss, launched the expedition from the frontier settlement of Westport at the juncture of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers. There Fremont first met Kit Carson who signed on as guide to the expedition. Traveling across the Rocky Mountains at South Pass to the Columbia River in Oregon Territory, they then continued south along the Sierra Nevada nearly to the "Pueblo del los Angeles", northeast to Lake Utah and finally east to the Arkansas River. Fremont's map and report had a profound influence on emigration to the Far West as his westward route eventually became the Oregon Trail. Wheat, who called this "an important step forward from the earlier western maps" devoted seven text pages to its description. The map was drawn by Charles Preuss "whose skill in sketching topography...has probably never been surpassed in this country." There is much to study and appreciate in this rare map, but we return to Wheat for this short praise: "To Fremont and his magnificence map of his Second Expedition all praise. This is an altogether memorable document in the cartographic history of the West, and for it alone Fremont would deserve to be remembered in history."
Included is an untitled folding map (23 x 9") showing their route between Mountain Lake (Lake Tahoe) in the Sierra's and Nueva Helvetica
. Fremont's party enjoyed a two-week respite as the guest of John Sutter near the famous Sutter's Mill. Also contains an untitled folding map of the Bear River in Utah (8 x 16.5"), and a single page map of The Great Salt - Lake
which is an early map of the area including the front of the Wasatch Mountains.
This is the Senate issue. Octavo, hardbound with brown embossed covers and gilt titling on spine, 693 pp., 22 plates and 5 maps. The body of the book contains Fremont's two reports, titled "A Report on an Exploration of the Country Lying Between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains" and "A Report of the Exploring Expedition to Oregon and North California, in the Years 1843-'44."(B ). Estimate: $1,000.00 - $1,300.00Large Folding Railroad Map with Detail on Mining and Indian Reservations
, William J. Keeler, 1867 . A fascinating and rarely offered railroad map with an accompanying note by Keeler. The map extends east just past the Mississippi River and shows excellent information on railroads, land offices, Surveyor General's office, forts, military posts, and the location of ores and minerals. A colored key identifies the areas of the west that contain gold, silver, copper, quicksilver (mercury) and coal. Also illustrated are the township and range lines of the public land surveys. This map is also important for its documentation of Indian Reservations, whose lands are shown in orange, but are not listed in the key. The largest of these Indian Reservations is the "Tabequache Utes Indian Res." in western Colorado and the "Uintah Valley Reserve" in eastern Utah. Regarding this map, Wheat says, "Keeler’s large and imposing map is of almost unmanageable size, but it offers something of interest in every part of the West and is worth wrestling with." This map is similar to Keeler’s reduced sized Map of the Routes of the Union Pacific Railroads with Their Eastern Connections...
, also published in 1867. A scarce issue. Mounted on linen, the map folds into hard, brown cloth covers with embossing and gilt titling on front cover.
Keeler's note, which is pasted on the inside front cover, notes: "Particular attention is invited to the Colorado River as here shown. It is from actual survey , and exhibits that magnificent stream as it has never been mapped before, and as it really is, one of the great rivers of this Continent." Despite these claims, there had not yet been a survey of the Colorado River, and its presentation in the map does not show any advances in cartography, and does not yet hint at the existence of the Grand Canyon. Keeler also purports of the "official" nature of the map, both in the title and in his note, however the map was privately printed by Keeler himself and was not a government document.
Keeler's map was one of the largest and most detailed maps of the West at the time and influenced the mapping of the Transmississippi West after the close of the Civil War.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00Reserve Reduced by $450! One of the Earliest Maps of Illinois
, John Gardiner, ca. 1818 . According to Streeter, this seldomly seen map of Illinois Territory is the "earliest Illinois Map." It is also listed in Phillips A List of Maps of America
as the first map under the Illinois header.
The map itself covers the western portion of Illinois between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River, from just north of St. Louis to just south of Davenport, Iowa. Lake Peoria is here called Lake Peoire
and the creek just to its west that flows into the Illinois River is labeled Kickaboo or Red Bud Cr.
Below the map image is a printed grid with an area colored in red that corresponds to a tract in the map with the manuscript notation "Gentle rolling prairie rich soil fit for Cultivation" and signed by John Gardiner. Most, if not all, of these maps would have included similar notations regarding each tract of land that was being awarded. On verso is a manuscript signature of Fowler Preston of Granby, Hampshire County, Massachusetts that states he was "on his way to Illinois."
John Gardiner was the chief clerk of the General Land Office until 1821. Following the War of 1812, the GLO was tasked with surveying the frontier lands and quickly distributing them to war veterans as payment for their services.(B ). Estimate: $2,500.00 - $3,250.00Reserve Reduced by $250! Early Map of Chicago
, Capt. Thomas Jefferson Cram, [1840 ]. This is one of the earliest map of Chicago Harbor, when the population of the entire city was about 4,500. Fort Dearborn, the first recognized structure of Chicago, and Dr. Wolcott's residence are the only two buildings located. Soundings are noted in the Chicago River and Lake Michigan.
This map was issued in the 26-page Report from the Secretary of War, Transmitting Copies of Reports of the Topographical Bureau in Relation to Internal Improvements in the Territory of Wisconsin...
by Captain Thomas Jefferson Cram of the Topographical Engineers (report not included). Cram (1804-1883) was born in New Hampshire and graduated fourth in his class from the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. In 1838, he joined the U. S. (Army) Topographical Engineers, where he received a captain's commission and was assigned to the Great Lakes harbor surveys. In the 1840s he surveyed the Michigan and Wisconsin boundary, and in 1855 he became Chief of the Topographical Engineers, Western Division. He was promoted to Lt. Colonel in 1861, served with distinction in the Civil War and was rewarded with the title of Brevet General in 1866. He retired in 1869. (A ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00Landmark Map of Kentucky
, John Filson, 1793 . This rare Kentucky map was first produced by John Filson in 1784 and here republished in 1793, one year after Kentucky achieved statehood. The map extends from the Ohio River in the north to the Cumberland River in the south and shows three counties: Fayette, Jefferson and Lincoln. It is filled with notations including "a bloody battle fought here" and "the large Bones are found here." Also shown are settlements, prominent homes, mills, forts, "wigwams," salt licks, the river system, and topography. Numerous roads and paths are depicted, including a "Warriers Path," "Gen.l Clarks War Road," and a path connecting to the old settlements in Virginia "thro' the great Wilderness." Includes an inset at top "A Plan of the Rapids, in the River Ohio" which was not on the 1784 edition. John Filson (1753 - 1788) was the first Historian of Kentucky. Moving from Pennsylvania about 1782, he settled in Lexington where he divided his time between teaching and surveying land claims. He wrote The Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucke
in 1784, in which the first edition of this map was included. In 1788, while on a surveying expedition near the Great Miami River, he disappeared when the party was attacked by Shawnee Indians.
This edition was published November 23, 1793 by John Stockdale, and appeared in Stockdale's edition of Filson's The Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucky
(1793) and two different 1794 editions of Jedidiah Morse's The American Geography; Or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America...
- one that included 3 maps and the other that included 25 maps. Although there were other reduced-sized editions of Filson's map that were published after the initial 1784 edition, the 1793 Stockdale edition is the only other full-sized edition of the map. It is also the only obtainable full-sized edition of Filson's map, as the 1784 editions are nearly all held in institutions.
An essential map for Kentucky collectors.
(B+ ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00Reserve reduced by $50! Rare Parliamentary Report Regarding Emigration from Britain to the United States
, British Government, [1827 ]. This rare Parliamentary report was a reaction to the great numbers of citizens emigrating from England, Ireland and Scotland. The select committee was formed to look into the issue, but in the end recommended that emigration should not be state aided. Much of the committee's interest was directed toward Ireland and to whether landlords could assist by clearing estates and giving free passages to their dispossessed tenants. The majority of the book is concerned with hearings and transcripts of testimony, the tone that at times is startling, to say the least. There are many similar examples, but consider this passage from page 257: "Are you aware of any new causes now operating in Ireland, that have a tendency to check this progressive increase of population? -- No, indeed I am not; I don't know of any." "Can you contemplate anything that can remedy the evil [of increasing populations], other than the removal of a certain portion of these unemployed persons? -- I do not think there is any other; I can think of no other." The emigration was focused on the United States, in this case Louisiana near the confluence of the Red and Mississippi Rivers. The Appendix lists Petitions by city and occupation "of Persons desirous of Emigrating from the Untied Kingdom," together representing thousands of individuals. The book includes five large folding maps showing land available. The maps are preceded by a copy of the US act making available for purchase lands at no less than $1.25 per acre to anyone.
The maps are by Charles Gordon, surveyed by G. Davis, Surveyor of Public Lands (United States) South of the State of Tennessee, and by Levon Wailes, Surveyor of Public Lands in the states of Louisiana & Mississippi. Each measures approximately 16" x 14" and uses hand coloring to indicate sold lands. The maps include:
Township 17, N. Range 14 East. Land District north of Red River in the State of Louisiana.
T.11 N. R. VIII. E. District North of Red River Louisiana.
Township 15, N. Range 1 East. Land District north of Red River, State of Louisiana.
Township 20 N. Range 13 East, Land District North of Red River in the State of Louisiana.
A Map, Exhibiting the Order of the Survey of the Public Land of the United States of North America. By Charles Gordon, Draughtsman. 1825
. This map is purely illustrative. It demonstrates the Public Land Survey System (townships & ranges).
Published by order of the British House of Commons. Small folio, 2.25" thick. Hardbound in modern blue paper with dark blue cloth on spine. 658pp, title page, report with numerous tables and statistics, appendixes, maps, and index. This rare and unusual British government issued book is worthy of much study.(A ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00Scarce Map Featuring the Proposed State of Sequoyah
, U.S. Gov., [1905 ]. In 1905 the Five Indian Nations, concerned how statehood for Oklahoma might affect them, held a constitutional convention with the view to forming their own state. A constitution was formalized and submitted to Congress. They also partitioned the nations into 48 counties, as shown on this scarce map. In 1907 Oklahoma did indeed gain statehood and, as the Indians feared, absorbed Indian Territory in the process. At that time, Oklahoma retained the names of 20 of the 48 counties from the State of Sequoyah. A large depiction of the "Great Seal of the State of Sequoyah" is below the title. Drawn by D.W. Bolich and printed by the Aug. Gast Bank Note & Litho Company.(A ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00Reserve reduced by $950! Early Emigrant Guide with Map Showing Land Grants
, M. Fiske, [1834 ]. This first edition, early emigrant guide does not list an author, but is generally attributed to a M. Fiske. According to Streeter, the book gives a "fresh and interesting picture of life in Texas at that time." The volume is handsomely illustrated with 4 plates that Streeter describes as well designed "and perhaps are the earliest of sporting scenes in the West." While small in size, the highly detailed plates engraved by J.T. Hammond include: Mr. Neil's Estate near Brazoria
, Shooting a Deer on the Prairie
, Lazooing a Horse of the Prairie
, and Road Through a Cane Brake
. The frontispiece to the volume is the important Map of the State of Coahuila and Texas
that shows early land grants including Austin's Colony, Beales Grant, De Witt's Grant, Thorns Grant, and Dominguez Grant to name a few. According the Martin & Martin, the map is "clearly based upon Austin's sources." In addition to the land grants, the map identifies "Herds of Buffalo" and Comanches Indians in west Texas. Engraved by W. Hooker, this map would also appear in Mary Austin Holley’s Texas
, which was published a few short months later. 264 pages, folding map, 4 plates, and a 4 page meteorological journal. 12mo, hardbound in green cloth with gilt tile and illustration on spine. Published by Goodrich & Wiley in New York.(B ). Estimate: $5,000.00 - $6,500.00The First Copperplate Map Devoted to North America
, Giacomo Gastaldi, ca. 1548 . This map, along with Gastaldi's Tierra Nueva
, was the first copperplate map devoted to North America. The transition from wood block to copper plate allowed for finer detail, which was important for Ptolemy's Geografia
as it contained the first regional maps of the American continent and was the most comprehensive atlas published between Waldeemuller's Geographiae
of 1513 and Abraham Ortelius' Theatrum
of 1570. Cartographically, the map covers the region from Florida to Baja California and south to the Yucatan. Inland detail is confined to basic topography with a large R. tontonteanc
representing either the Colorado or Gila River, and the Mississippi River is identified as the R. de Spirito Santo
. This is the only issue of this map, but Girolamo Ruscelli enlarged it for his atlas in 1561.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00A Foundation Map for the American Southwest
, Ptolemy/Ruscelli, ca. 1574 . This is a foundation map in the cartography of the American Southwest, and a must for collectors of that region. It is an enlarged version of Gastaldi's map of 1548 with the only notable change being the peninsular Yucatan. The legendary seven cities of Ciuola
are prominently depicted and Mexico City is shown floating in a large lake. The place names along the upper Gulf Coast reveal the explorations of Pineda, Cabeza de Vaca and Moscosso. The Mississippi makes its appearance as the Rio de Spiritu Santo
and the R. Tontonteanc
flows in the vicinity of the Colorado River. Considered the earliest relatively obtainable map of Mexico and the American Southwest. This is the second state of the map according to Burden. Italian text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00Very Rare Spanish Map of the Southwest
, D. Juan Corradi, 1802 . This very rare map of the Southwest and Mexico was issued in D. Juan Corradi's Descubrimiento y Conquista de la America o Compendio de la Historia General del Nuevo Mundo
, published in Madrid in 1803. The map incorporates the latest Spanish information available with cartography based upon Bernardo de Miera Y Pancheco's Plan de la Provinca Interna de el Nuevo Mexico
(1778). It is quite unusual to see this level of detail on a printed map dated 1802, as this highly guarded information was not available to the public until Humboldt's landmark map of 1811. It shows the R.S. Buenaventura
running southwest into the Great Salt Lake, and from the west the R. de los Dolores
reaches too far inland and nearly connects to the lake. This misconception would continue until Fremont's explorations in the 1840s. Outside of the river systems, there is limited inland detail beyond a few place names and basic topographical features. The map is augmented by an inset of Mexico City and its surroundings. Drawn by Gonzalez and engraved by Morata. A highly unusual Spanish map of the American southwest.
See also lot 420 for another map by Corradi from the same publication, and lot 391 for Humboldt's map of 1811.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,500.00Northern Sheet of Humboldt's Landmark Map of the Southwest
, Humboldt, [1811 ]. This is the northern sheet of the first French edition of Humboldt's landmark map of the Southwest. Wheat describes the map as undoubtedly the most important and accurate published map that had yet appeared (as of its 1811 publication date). He further notes “it appears on the map itself that it is drawn in Mexico in 1803, and that it was corrected by Humboldt and three associates in 1809.” Humboldt's map would remain the standard source until Fremont's mapping of the area in the 1840s. As a testament to the accuracy of the map, contemporaries Zebulon Pike and Aaron Arrowsmith copied copious information in Humboldt's map for their own publications in 1810, one year prior to Humboldt's printed map being released to the public.
Humboldt, a world-renowned naturalist and explorer, spent 5 years (1799-1804) traveling in South and Central America collecting data on plant and animal life. In 1803, he arrived in Mexico City to compile his findings into Essai Politique Sur le Royaume de la Nouvelle-Espagne...
, and it is during this time that he constructed this map. Humboldt's reputation provided him access to a vast number of documents and maps held in the local Spanish archives, including important accounts from Costanso, Mascaro, Alzate, de Fer, Urrutia, Pichardo, Lopez, Carces, Font, Venegas, Lafora, and Miera. In fact, the northern third of the map is based almost entirely from Miera's Escalante earlier map (1777).
Cartographically, the northern sheet covers Arizona, New Mexico, the northern half of Texas, as well as Utah, Colorado, and Kansas to the north. In addition to the map's superior accuracy, it is notable for introducing the concept of hachuring (orthographic projection) to convey topography. However, despite these improvements and innovations, Humboldt's map still contains a few errors including a depiction of the mythical Lake Timpanogos
, along with several notes concerning its sources. Humboldt himself acknowledges the incomplete information and that "it must be allowed that all that part of the west of North America is still but very imperfectly known."
A seminal map of the American Southwest which Streeter describes as "one of the six most desirable maps of Texas."(B ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00Coronelli's Influential and Decorative Map of South America
, Vicenzo Maria Coronelli, ca. 1691 . Coronelli drew on many sources for his 2-sheet map of South America including several reports of voyages to which he had access. Therefore the map is considered one of the best depictions of the era. A small version of Lac de Parime
is located on the equator with a notation questioning its existence. The Rio de la Plata emanates from the large Lago de Los Xarayes
. The route of Dutchmen, Jacob le Maire and Willem Cornelisz Schouten, around Cape Horn and through the South Pacific is traced. This important voyage (1615-17) opened a new shipping route from the Atlantic to the Pacific and proved that Tierra de Fuego was an island and not a part of some massive southern continent. From a purely decorative point of view, the map is a superb example of the mapmaker's art. There are two large cartouches and the interior is filled with small depictions of animals and natives, including jaguars, llamas, hunters, torture scenes, and cannibalism. If joined, the map would measure approximately 35 x 24". A superb large map of the continent.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00The First Printed Map Devoted to the Pacific
, Abraham Ortelius, 1589 . Ortelius’ seminal map of the Pacific is the first printed map devoted to the Pacific
and the first to label the Americas separately as North and South subsequent to Mercator’s 1538 world map. The map draws on the cartography of Frans Hogenberg, Mercator’s world map of 1569, and Portuguese manuscript maps of Bartolomeo de Lasso. It widens the gap between Asia and North America while properly locating the Philippines and Japan, although there is an odd Isla de Plata
above Japan. North America is depicted considerably narrower and more correctly at the Tropic of Cancer, and the head of the Gulf of California is shown in a new form with the R. Grande
being introduced for the first time, although misplaced. The large southern continent, Terra Australis
, stretches over the bottom of the map, but the name Tierra del Fuego
appears south of the Strait of Magellan. The map is adorned with two elaborate cartouches and Magellan’s surviving ship Victoria
is pictured along with two smaller ships. First state with the date 1589 in the cartouche. Latin text on verso with printed number 6, published in 1592.(B+ ). Estimate: $8,000.00 - $9,000.00Complete First Edition of the First Gazetteer of the United States
, Joseph Scott, [1795 ]. Joseph Scott was a Philadelphia engraver and publisher who engraved a number of important early state maps for Matthew Carey, a fellow Philadelphian. In 1795, Scott published the United States Gazetteer
, which was the first compilation of state and territory maps issued in the United States (19 in total). Scott engraved all of the maps, as he explains in his preface: "The maps I have drawn and engraved myself, and I trust they will be found, on examination, as accurate as circumstances would admit, and probably more so than any collection of maps that has hitherto been published in the United States." His maps represent some of the earliest published maps of individual states and the western territory (here N.W. Territory
and S.W. Territory
), and were drawn, of course, with Philadelphia as the prime meridian. The associated text includes substantive information on the young Republic, with details on the history, geography, natural history, architecture, and more of individual states and regions. This example is complete and contains a folding map of the United States at the front of the volume and 18 smaller maps interspersed in the text including: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, N.W. Territory, S.W. Territory, Vermont, Virginia. Of particular interest are:
A Map of the United States
(14.8 x 10.8") extends to the Mississippi River with a large Louisiana to its west. Georgia extends all the way Mississippi and Tennessee is S.W. Territory
. A number of Bounty Land Grants are shown in the huge North West Territory, including those of the Illinois Company
, New Jersey Company
, Wabash Company
, Colonel Simmes
, Donation Lands from the State of Virginia
, and more. The Seven Ranges also appear in eastern Ohio.
The map N.W. Territory
(7.2 x 6.0") is the earliest printed map to show the North West Territory
. It covers the region of the upper Mississippi Valley and the Great Lakes, and shows the rivers and streams together with settlements, mines, and forts. Lit. Fort
appears at the mouth of the Chicago River, and Old Ft. Orleans
appears on the Missouri River. The southern end of Lake Michigan is placed almost a full degree further north than the southern shore of Lake Erie, an error that resulted in a series of boundary disputes between Michigan and its neighbors in the 19th century. The fictitious Charlevoix-Bellin
islands appear in Lake Superior. This is the first state with small, plain circle icons to locate the towns like Detroit and Sandusky.
The map S.W. Territory
(7.3 x 6.0") is the first state; later states of this map change the title to "Tennassee." While simply drawn, the map includes interesting information including the locations of early settlements, military reservations, and Indian villages. The Mero
district is located and divided into three counties: Sumner, Davidson, and Tennassee
. Nashville is here called Naskville
. Fort Massac is shown on the Ohio River, and there is a note near Knoxville describing the way to Pensacola as being nearly level
. The map includes a portion of the adjoining states of Kentucky and Georgia.
19 maps; title page; iii-vi; errata; 292 pp. (unpaginated). 12mo, rebound in brown faux leather with black label and tooling on spine. Published by F. and R. Bailey in Philadelphia.(B ). Estimate: $3,250.00 - $4,000.00