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Auction 162
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goto detail pageMatching Set from English Edition of the Atlas Minor

Lot 6.  ([Lot of 5] Typus Orbis Terrarum [and] Americae Descrip. [and] Africae Descriptio [and] Asia [and] Europa), Mercator/Hondius, ca. 1635 . Beautifully engraved, matched set of maps featuring the world and continents from an English edition of Mercator's Atlas Minor, which was published under the title Historia Mundi or Mercators Atlas by Michael Spark and Samuel Cartwright. Size varies slightly.

A. Typus Orbis Terrarum is a handsome double hemisphere map based on Mercator's famous world map with several updates. Terra Australis Incognita fills the Southern Hemisphere and connects to New Guinea in the region of Australia. Mercator's Northwest Passage and interesting polar islands have been replaced with a nondescript landmass. The eastern coast of Asia has been revised to include a Korean Peninsula. The map is richly decorated in a strapwork surround with the title at top and Hondius' favorite quotation from Psalms at the bottom. Ref: Shirley #259.

B. Americae Descrip. is a charming reduced version of the Americas map Hondius engraved for Gerard Mercator's folio atlas. It is a combination of various cartographic sources. North America is greatly elongated with a Plancius type depiction of Newfoundland and a protruding Virginian coast, and the west coast is separated by only a narrow strait from Asiae Pars. South America is shown with a more or less correct western coastline and there is a large southern continent incorporating New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego. Decorated with sea monsters, sailing ships, and a strapwork title cartouche. Ref: Burden #153.

C. Africae Descriptio is based on Hondius' superb map of the continent. Using the Mercator model, there are revisions to the coastlines, particularly that of Madagascar. Hondius improved the Cape area by inserting Saldanha Bay and Cape Falco and discarding Cayneca. The map is crisply engraved and decorated with strapwork title and distance scale cartouches, a sea monster, and a sea battle off the coast of C. Negro. Ref: Betz #53; Norwich #27a.

D. Asia is a small version of Hondius' important map of the continent and the East Indies. Korea appears as a long island and an exaggerated Gulf of Cambay distorts the Indian subcontinent. The extreme eastern part of the map shows a bit of the coastline of America with the label Americae Pars separated from Asia by the Anian Fretum. The map is decorated with a pair of strapwork cartouches for the title and scale of miles. Ref: Yeo #21.

E. Europa is a small version of Gerard Mercator's folio map of Europe. America Pars appears in the upper left corner along with Lester Point, part of Greenland, Iceland, and the mythical island of Frisland. The map is graced with strapwork title and scale cartouches.(A ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageMercator's Double-Hemisphere World Map

Lot 8.  (Orbis Terrae Compendiosa Descriptio quam ex Magna Universali Gerardi Mercatoris...), Mercator, 1587 . An elaborate strapwork border surrounds this beautiful double-hemisphere map, and an armillary sphere and 32-point compass rose are tucked between the hemispheres. Rumold Mercator based this map on his father's great world map of 1569. The North Pole is depicted as a landmass surrounding a sea from which four rivers radiate and there is a well depicted Northwest Passage. The huge Terra Australis is shown as a part of Tierra del Fuego, and the lands of Lucach, Maletur and Beach (from the travel account of Marco Polo) are noted along the coast in the vicinity of present day Australia with a large island labeled Iava Minor located in the same region. Japan is shown in a kite-shaped configuration, with the fictitious Satyrorum insule (Satyr's Island) shown above. South America has a bulge on its southwest coast, and New Guinea is depicted in a large, circular configuration. The map embodies many ancient authorities and is a wonderful view of classical cartography. French text on verso, published in 1628. Cracks in the copper plate are visible in the title.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's reference book on world maps and lot 805 for Portinaro & Knirsch's reference book, both of which discusse this map.(B ). Estimate: $3,750.00 - $4,500.00

goto detail pageSpeed's Double-Hemisphere World Map

Lot 9.  (A New and Accurat Map of the World Drawne According to ye Truest Descriptions Latest Discoveries & Best Observations yt Have Beene Made by English or Strangers), Speed, 1626 . This desirable and beautiful double-hemispheric world map carries the imprint of George Humble. The map is dated 1626 but it was known to be published through 1632 with this imprint. This map is based on William Grent's rare, separately issued map of 1625 (Shirley #313). It is considered one of the earliest published world maps to be printed in English, and is the first atlas map to show the cartographic curiosity of California as an island, which persisted for nearly 100 years. It was also one of the first to show the settlement of New Plymouth. The coastline in North America is blank east of California and swings wildly to the west in the northern regions of Canada and Alaska. The Straits of Magellan are inaccurately shown and Tierra de Fuego is left open to the west. The Southerne Unknowne Land shows the large conjectured continent covering much of the southern hemisphere. The map is beautifully engraved and highly detailed throughout. The engraver is unknown but Shirley acknowledges it was most likely Abraham Goos. This highly decorative production is surrounded by two celestial hemispheres, figural allegorical representations of Water, Earth, Air and Fire, plus portraits of Ferdinand Magellan, Oliver vander Noort, Thomas Cavendish and Sir Francis Drake. The corners are filled with an astronomical table, an armillary sphere, and eclipses of the sun and moon. With several lengthy notes including comments on the South Pole and the Straits of Magellan, Sir Francis Drake and others. Related English text on verso is "The generall Description of the World." Shirley says this map was not as widely disseminated as those from contemporary Dutch cartographers and was uncommon outside the UK.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's excellent reference book on world maps, which discusses this map.(B+ ). Estimate: $14,000.00 - $16,000.00

goto detail pageBlaeu's Magnificent Carte-a-Figures World Map

Lot 10.  (Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula), Blaeu, ca. 1635 . A magnificent map featuring a carte-a-figures border with allegorical representations of the sun, the moon, the five known planets, the four elements and the four seasons. Along the bottom are vignettes showing the seven wonders of the world: the Hanging Gardens of Babylon; the Colossus straddling the harbor at Rhodes; the Pyramids; the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in Bodrum, Turkey; the Temple of Diana; the Statue of Jupiter; and the lighthouse at Alexandria. Josua van Ende engraved this map, reducing it from Blaeu's 1605 wall map for inclusion in atlases.

Petrus Plancius' world map of 1592 was the main source of geographical information. The map is shown on Mercator's projection with a massive Southern Continent attached to New Guinea, with the coastal names of Beach and Psittacorum regio noted from Marco Polo's travel memoirs. North America has the westward bulge characteristic of the time, with the Strait of Anian noted. Korea is shown as an island and Japan is in a kite-like shape. The map itself is richly decorated with cartouches, sea battles, monsters and compass roses. Fourth state with Tierra del Fuego shown as an island and the date omitted from the lower cartouche on the right. French text on verso, published between 1635-50.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's excellent reference book on world maps, which discusses this map.(A ). Estimate: $12,000.00 - $15,000.00

goto detail pageRare and Striking Pair of Hemispheres with Native Figures

Lot 14.  ([Lot of 2 - Untitled Western & Eastern Hemispheres]), Happel, ca. 1687 . This is a rare and unusual pair of hemisphere maps engraved by Heinrich Irsinger, an obscure German engraver from Ulm. The Western Hemisphere features California as an island with the coastline of Anian to the northeast of the island. In the South Pacific, New Zealand's western coastline is depicted as well as a group of Polynesian islands. In South America, the mythical Lago de los Xarayes is shown at the center of the continent. In the Eastern Hemisphere, East Asia is truncated in the north and Australia is partially mapped. In Africa, the Nile is shown emerging from a single large lake south of the Equator. Each sheet is decorated with evocative, somewhat naïve figures representing the natives of continents; male figures in the New World and the more traditional female figures in the Old World. According to Shirley these maps appeared in Happel's Mundus Mirabilis (1687) and Historia Moderna Europae (1692) and may have been included in other works published by Matthaeus Wagner.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's excellent reference book on world maps, which discusses this map.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pageRare Medieval World Map

Lot 37.  ([Untitled - Ancient World]), Anonymous, ca. 1553 . This fine woodcut illustration is a rare medieval world map based on the Rudimentum Novitiorum, a popular world history first published in 1475. The Rudimentum Novitiorum was the first publication to include printed maps depicting land forms and countries (one of the world and one of Palestine), and was popularized through its French translation, Mer des Hystoires. This latter work first appeared in 1488 with new woodblocks, on a slightly smaller scale and with the titles translated into French. A third set of woodblocks were cut in 1491, again slightly reduced in size, and with a few minor changes. The 1491 blocks were reused in several editions through circa 1555. This circular world map is shown with east at the top, centered on Palestine. Europe is depicted at bottom left, with numerous countries identified and an illustration of the Pope in the walled city of Rome. The various countries of Asia and Africa are shown as mountains surrounded by water, and include small illustrations of cities, animals, dragons, and the mythological figure of Pan. At the top of the map is a large walled orchard with two priestly figures in place of the traditional Adam and Eve, while at bottom are the pillars of Hercules. This example is from the 1491 block, reprinted circa 1553. On two sheets, joined.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's excellent reference book on world maps, which discusses this map.(B+ ). Estimate: $20,000.00 - $23,000.00

goto detail pageFamous Peutinger Table of Roman Roads - Over 13 Feet in Length

Lot 38.  (Tabula Itineraria ex Illustri Peutingerorum Bibliotheca...), Jansson, ca. 1622 . This impressive long map is the famous Peutinger Table, or a Roman road map of the world. The original parchment document was found in a library in Augsburg by Konrad Celtes, who bequeathed it to Konrad Peutinger in 1508. The map later went to Peutinger's relative, Mark Welser, who was the first to publish a copy of it in 1591 at Aldus Manutius in Venice. This map, based on the original manuscript, was popularized by Ortelius in 1598 and became an important part of his great historical atlas. Jansson's version is nearly identical to that of Ortelius. This decorative strip map depicts the imperial roads and posts within the Roman Empire throughout Europe, North Africa and Asia as far as Toprobana (Sri Lanka).

This example, printed on 8 sheets and joined (measuring over 13 feet in length!), was published in Nicolas Bergier's Histoire des Grands Chemins de l'Empire Romain. Bergier (1567-1623), a lawyer and Jesuit historian, was commissioned by Louis XIII to study the Roman roads. In 1622 Bergier published his work about the origin, progress, and extent of military roads paved until the end of the Roman Empire. The book was subsequently translated into English in 1712, and then republished in French in 1728 and 1736. All editions are relatively uncommon.

See also lot 808 for Shirley's excellent reference book on world maps, which discusses this map.(A ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageThe Southern Sky Superimposed on a Terrestrial Map of the Americas

Lot 45.  (Haemisphaerium Stellatum Australe Aequali Sphaerarum Proportione), Cellarius/Schenk & Valck, [1708 ]. This is one of the finest celestial charts from the golden age of Dutch cartography. The map presents the constellations of the southern sky superimposed on a terrestrial map of the Americas; thus giving the effect that the stellar system is viewed from space. The terrestrial map shows North America as far as the island of California and Chesapeake Bay. The constellations are presented in classical mythological form and include Ptolemaic constellations as well as those of Tycho Brahe, Plancius and Keyzer. Richly engraved in the baroque style with the title emblazoned across two drapes that are supported by putti and angels. The sphere is supported by Titans with a group of astronomers in the background. Third state with the imprint of Valck & Schenk at bottom center.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageFascinating Cross-Section of the Earth

Lot 51.  (Systema Ideale quo Exprimitur, Aquarum per Canales Hydragogos Subterraneos ex Mari et in Montium Hydrophylacia Protrusio, Aquarumq. Subterrestrium per Pyragogos Canales Concoctus), Kircher, ca. 1665 . The Jesuit scholar Athanasius Kircher was one of the first compilers of semi-scientific knowledge about the physical features of the world. This unusual copper engraving shows a cross-section of the earth's interior with its magma core and underground water sources. The surface of the earth is shown with mountain ranges, erupting volcanoes, and ships sailing in the oceans. Clouds and four wind-heads surround the sphere. A decorative title cartouche held aloft by putti completes the fanciful composition. This is from a Dutch edition of Kircher's masterpiece, an immense and amazing work covering all aspects of anything that dwelled or occurred within the earth's interior - from dragons, to fossils, to mountain springs, earthquakes, and volcanoes.

See also lot 47 for Kircher's view of the moon.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageAmerican Edition of George Wright's Thematic Map

Lot 58.  (The Journey of Life or an Accurate Map of the Roads, Counties, Towns &c. in the Ways to Happiness and Misery [bound in] A Key to the Journey of Life...), Keener, ca. 1838 . This is an American version of George Wright's The Journey of Life... that was published in his Walking Amusements for Cheerful Christians. This fascinating, allegorical map is centered on the "City of Reason or Natural Man" and depicts a wide road that "leadeth to destruction" and a narrow road that "leadeth to life." The counties on the "wide" road include Indifference, Obduracy, Impenitence, and finally Hell, while the "narrow" road includes Repentance, Faith, Perseverance, and Heaven. The map includes many symbolic rivers and mountains including "Streams of Sensual Delight" and "Mountain of Contemplation" and is surrounded by a scroll border.

Published by Christian Keener, a Methodist from Baltimore, the pamphlet includes a 2 page preface explaining his fascination as a youth with a badly torn copy of the Wright map published in 1775. Unable to find a better copy despite his years of search, he had his copy engraved by J. & W.N. Warr of Philadelphia and published the map in a select number of copies of his 7 page pamphlet, "A Key to the Journey of Life." According to OCLC, there are no copies held including the preface and map. (B ). Estimate: $250.00 - $325.00

goto detail pageOrtelius' Influential Map of the New World

Lot 60.  (Americae sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio), Ortelius, 1587 . This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego.

This is the third of the plates that Ortelius used of the Americas, evidenced by the removal of the bulge on the southwestern coast of South America and an added cartouche in North America. Also on this plate, the Solomon Islands are noted for the first time since their discovery in 1568, and the names California, R. de los estrechos, and C. Mendocino have been added to the west coast of North America. The native name of Wingandekoa has been added to the eastern coast, originating from an unsuccessful attempt to colonize the Outer Banks by the English. Dutch text on verso, published in either 1598, 1610 or 1613.(A ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $7,000.00

goto detail pageRare Second State of Blaeu's Stunning Carte-a-Figures Map of the Americas

Lot 62.  (Americae Nova Tabula. Auct. Guiljel: Janssonio), Blaeu, ca. 1618 . This stunning carte-a-figures map is a superb example of the fine art of decorative cartography and a seventeenth-century European view of the New World. The coastal outlines generally follow Ortelius and Wytfliet with nomenclature from a variety of explorers and colonists. Panels at sides, each with five portraits of the native inhabitants, were taken from John White (Virginia), Hans Staden (Brazil) and other early explorer's accounts. Across the top are nine town plans including Havana, St. Domingo, Cartegena, Mexico City, Cusco, Potosi, I. la Mocha in Chile, Rio de Janeiro and Olinda in Brazil. This is one of the few maps of the Americas by this famous Dutch cartographer. The map itself is similar to Blaeu's wall map of 1608 with the additional discoveries of Henry Hudson in North America, and Tierra del Fuego with Le Maire Strait. This is the rare second state of the plate with the imprint Auct: Guiljel: Janssonio in the cartouche and the addition of Le Maire Strait. Blank verso, published between 1618-20.(A ). Estimate: $6,000.00 - $7,500.00

goto detail pageMercator's Foundation Map for the Americas in Full Original Color

Lot 63.  (America sive India Nova, ad Magnae Gerardi Mercatoris aui Universalis Imitationem in Compendium Redacta), Mercator/Hondius, [1619 ]. This is one of the most famous maps of the Americas and an important foundation map for an American map collection. After the death of his grandfather, Michael Mercator produced this stunning hemispherical map, the only known printed map attributed to him. The map is surrounded by a beautifully engraved floral design and four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other insets include the Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, and Haiti. The geography was patterned after Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little added detail. There is a large inland lake in Canada, and the St Lawrence River extends nearly halfway across the continent with no Great Lakes. There is a still a bulge in the west coast of South America. The large southern continent extends above the Tropic of Capricorn in the Pacific where there is a very large island of New Guinea. Above North America are two of the four islands of the North Pole, with the great mythical rivers flowing from the pole. The seas are full of mythical islands, including St. Brendain, Frislant and Sept citez. French text on verso.(B ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageHondius' Important Map of the Americas in Full Original Color

Lot 64.  (America), Hondius, [1619 ]. Jodocus Hondius' map of the Americas is one of the most elaborate examples of fine Dutch cartography. The decorations, including sea monsters, indigenous birds, native canoes and sailing vessels, are taken from De Bry's Grand Voyages. Particularly notable is the scene of natives preparing an intoxicating drink made from manioc roots, which is derived from Hans Staden's harrowing venture into Brazil. The continents are presented on a stereographic projection, which was becoming increasingly popular at the beginning on the 17th century. It presents a more correct western coastline of South America and narrows the breadth of Mexico. However, North America is still too broad and Virginia has an exaggerated coastline. Newfoundland is based on Plancius. The coastlines are fully engraved with place names.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $4,750.00

goto detail pageSpeed's Popular Carte-a-Figures Map of the Americas

Lot 65.  (America with Those Known Parts in That Unknowne Worlde Both People and Manner of Buildings Discribed and Inlarged), Speed, 1626 . This English map of the Americas is the earliest folio atlas map to depict California as an island, thus propagating one of the most enduring cartographic myths. It is also significant for its accurate depiction of the coast between Chesapeake and Cape Cod, and early portrayal of the English colonies, Iames Citti (Jamestown) and Plymouth. Boston and Long Island are not shown. The spurious islands of Brasil and Frisland still appear in the Atlantic. An inset map shows Greenland and Iceland. The map is the superb workmanship of the Dutch engraver, Abraham Goos. It is decorated in the popular carte-a-figures style with panels of costumed native figures at each side and vignettes of major cities at top. The figures at left represent the native people of North America, and at right the major South American tribes. The cities illustrated include Havana, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, Cusco, and other important South American settlements. A number of sea monsters, flying fish and sailing ships also decorate the map. Dated in the cartouche 1626, published circa 1662 with the imprint of Roger Rea in the cartouche below title. English text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00

goto detail pageHighly Decorative Map of the Americas

Lot 77.  (L'Amerique Meridionale et Septentrionale Dressee sur les Nouvles Decouvtes et Dernieres Relations des Meilleurs Navigateurs...), Desnos, 1781 . This elegant engraving is one of the more distinctive and decorative maps of the 18th century. It is based upon Guillaume Danet’s map of 1731, which in turn was based on Delisle's map of the Americas. What makes this map exceptional is the elaborate and detailed border decorations with portraits of New World explorers running along the top and bottom including Christopher Columbus, Ponce de Leon, Ferdinand Cortez and Ferdinand Magellan along with nine country seals. Illustrations of the signs of the zodiac occupy the left and right border.

Cartographically, a large Sea of the West dominates northwestern North America with the notation Communication Presumee linking it to the Hudson Bay. The north Pacific Ocean is continued in an inset at bottom right, extending from Russia and Japan to Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Numerous misconceptions abound in the inset, including T. de la Compagnie east of Japan, an oddly shaped Alaska, Lac Valasco north of Alaska, and an additional waterway just north of the Sea of the West connecting the Pacific Ocean to Hudson Bay. The notation above the inset explains that there are contradictory reports regarding the region, and hence the cartographer has indicated certain geography with solid lines and uncertain geography with dashed lines. The Mississippi River is shown at its approximate correct location through present-day Louisiana. In South America, the mythical lakes Parime and Xarayes still appear in the interior. A large text panel provides historical notes on the explorers portrayed in the panels, while numerous other notes across the map provide a fascinating complement to the geography.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pageUnrecorded State Showing the Island of California

Lot 80.  (Amerique Septentrionale Divisee en ses Principales Parties, ou sont Distingues les uns des Autres les Estats...), Sanson/Jaillot, 1696 . This beautiful map of the Americas shows California as an island in the style of the second Sanson model (1656) with the indented northern coastline. A small peninsula Agubela de Gato is the only part of the Pacific coastline shown north of California. A strip of Terre de Jesso is shown in the Pacific immediately west of northern California. Santa Fe is shown along the R. del Norte (Rio Grande River), but the river erroneously drains into the Gulf of California. The two western Great Lakes are open-ended, and Lake Erie is too far south, split by the 40th parallel. The eastern part of the continent is divided into Nouvelle France and Floride with Virginia, New Sweden, New Amsterdam and New England hugging the coast. The decorative title cartouche is adorned with the arms of the Dauphine, two natives and tropical birds. Beautifully engraved by Cordier. This is an unrecorded version dated 1696 and falls between State 3 and 4 per Burden. On two sheets, joined.(B ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageAn Important, Early Report on the American Bison

Lot 97.  (The American Bisons, Living and Extinct [bound in] Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Kentucky), Allen, [1876 ]. Graff describes Joel Allen's report as "the first important work on American bison." It contains 248 pages of text, 12 fossil plates (6 folding) and a large folding map. The report was issued here as part of the Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Kentucky, and was simultaneously issued in the Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (volume 4, number 10). Of particular interest is Allen's large folding Map of North America (29.3 x 24.8") which shows the bison's rapidly shrinking range from the period 1800-1875. The map depicts several railroads cutting across the bison's range and locates sites where bison fossils were discovered along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Allen's report predates Hornaday's important report and Map Illustrating the Extermination of the American Bison by thirteen years.

Also included in the Geological Survey of Kentucky are the following reports by Shaler : "On the Antiquity of the Caverns and Cavern Life of the Ohio Valley" (1 plate), "On the Fossil Brachiopods of the Ohio Valley" (7 plates), and "On the Prehistoric Remains of Kentucky" (7 plates). Quarto, hardbound in modern black cloth with gilt title on spine.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageMap Focusing on the Mississippi River and the "Mississippi Bubble"

Lot 101.  (Accurata Delineatio Celeberrimae Regionis Ludovicianae vel Gallice Louisiane ol. Canadae et Floridae Adpellatione in Septemtrionali America Descriptae...), Seutter, ca. 1730 . This bold map of the eastern part of North America focuses on the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. Like many maps of the period, Labrador and Baffin Island are rather confused. A large inset of the Gulf Coast shows many forts and Indian villages. The most interesting feature of the map is the elaborate title cartouche. It depicts an allegorical, satirical scene of the infamous Mississippi Bubble investment scheme with a female personification of Fortuna pouring jewels and riches forth, while she is perched precariously upon a ball, signifying the uncertainty of fortune. Cherubs above the cartouche are issuing stock for the company, and another group is blowing bubbles in the foreground surrounded by piles of worthless stocks. In the background, desperate investors climb a small tree and fling themselves out of it, and in the foreground more disconsolate investors wail and bemoan their fates as one tries to impale himself on his sword. Above them, a cherub upends an empty money-bag. The map is based on Nicolas de Fer's influential map of New France from 1718, and is nearly identical to Ottens' map circa 1719, with the exception that Seutter depicts an additional 100 miles farther south.

See also lot 805 for Portinaro & Knirsch's reference book that discusses this map.(A ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageA Map Showing Fascinating Geographic Misconceptions

Lot 117.  (Carte Nouvelle de l'Amerique Angloise Contenant la Virginie, Mary-Land, Caroline, Pensylvania Nouvelle Iorck, N: Iarsey N: France, et les Terres Nouvellement Decouerte...), Mortier, ca. 1700 . This large, interesting map is filled with various geographic misconceptions of the late seventeenth century. The map is based on Robert Morden 's important map of 1698, New Map of the English Empire in America, even though the cartouche credits le Sieur S. (Nicolas Sanson). It does not include Morden's inset of the Atlantic, otherwise, the cartography is the same. The area shown extends from Hudson Bay and the Canadian Arctic to the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi, R. Mitchisipi ou Rio Grande, enters the gulf too far west; an error resulting from the intentionally faulty reports of French explorer La Salle. The coastal areas are filled with names including James Tovum on the well-defined Chesapeake Bay. The map has both French and English names including a mention of a Copper Mine near what would become Chicago. The Great Lakes are all present, but with some odd shapes; Lake Michigan is square in shape and Green Bay is very elongated and named Bay de Puans (Bay of evil smells). A prominent mountain range begins in the Michigan peninsula and runs all the way down through Florida. This spurious feature is one of the most mysterious geographic mistakes in the mapping of North America. The notorious errors derived from the reports of John Lederer (Ashley Lake, the Savana, and the Desert Arenosa) are present in Caroline. Boston Harbor is inset at the upper left; the first example of an English colonial city on a map that did not originate in England. Printed on two sheets and joined.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageStriking Map of Colonial America with Buffalo Vignette

Lot 118.  (Amplissimae Regionis Mississipi seu Provinciae Ludovicianae...), Homann, ca. 1720 . A striking map based on Delisle's landmark map of 1718, but covering a slightly larger area. It focuses on the Mississippi River Valley interior and Great Lakes, also detailing the Gulf Coast region, where the Mission de los Teyas is noted in present-day Texas. The map is splendidly adorned by vignettes of a buffalo and Native Americans in a cartouche filling the Atlantic, and a beaver colony at Niagara Falls under the title cartouche at upper left. Also depicted in the title cartouche is Father Louis Hennepin, who explored the Great Lakes region and claimed to have reached the mouth of the Mississippi. The routes of Hennepin, de Soto, and other explorers are traced in the map.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Influential Maps of Canada, the Great Lakes and Upper Midwest

Lot 119.  (Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France et des Decouvertes qui y ont ete Faites Dressee sur Plusieurs Observations et sur un Grand Nombre de Relations Imprimees ou Manuscrites), Delisle/Covens & Mortier, ca. 1730 . First issued in 1703, this richly detailed map provides the most accurate rendering of the Great Lakes of the time, with the lakes fully enclosed and properly placed in longitude and latitude. Delisle's map of Canada and the Great Lakes is one of the most outstanding and influential maps of the eighteenth century. Detroit marks it's debut on this map, only two years after its founding. Delisle's cartography is very meticulous and adds new information from Joliet, Franquelin, and the Jesuit explorers. It correctly positions the Ohio River but confuses its name with the Wabash River. West of the Mississippi Lahontan's fictitious Riviere Longue is prominently depicted. In Canada special attention is given to the rivers and lakes between Hudson Bay and the St. Lawrence, and Lac de Assenipoils (Lake Winnipeg) connects to Hudson Bay. Sanson's three islands of the Arctic are retained. The exquisite cartouche with a beaver, natives, priest and friars, was engraved by Guerard. This is the second state of the map and remains essentially unchanged from the first edition.(B ). Estimate: $900.00 - $1,100.00

goto detail pageInfluential Map of the Great Lakes

Lot 130.  (Partie Occidentale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada par Mr. Bellin...), Bellin/Homann Heirs, 1755 . Superb map of the Great Lakes region illustrating strategic forts and the area claimed by the French just prior to the French and Indian War. Bellin's map, first published in 1744, dominated the cartography of the Great Lakes region for many years. It presented the first new material pertaining to New France since the maps of Guillaume Delisle three decades earlier. While this map summarizes the latest in French knowledge of the region, it is also notable for two cartographic myths; the mountain range in Michigan and the appearance of four fictitious islands in Lake Superior, including the infamous I Philippeaux Aut. I Minang that continued to appear on maps and eluded explorers' searches for it, well into the 19th century. The map locates French forts, missions, new settlements, Indian villages and includes an early appearance of Chicago, R. et Port de Checagou. This version was published by Homann Heirs.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00

goto detail pageFirst Edition of Vance's Scarce, Large Map of the United States

Lot 152.  (Map of the United States of North America Compiled from the Latest and Most Authentic Information), Vance, 1825 . This scarce, first edition map depicts the eastern United States to approximately the 101st meridian, or just west of the present-day Texas panhandle/Oklahoma border. It was drawn by David H. Vance, engraved by J.H. Young, and published by Anthony Finley in Philadelphia. The map shows a large Arkansas Territory that incorporates present-day Oklahoma, and North West Territory consists of Eastern Minnesota and Wisconsin that is "Attached to Michigan." The territory west of the Mississippi River is derived from Stephen Long's map of 1822, and delineates both the "Route of the Expedition commanded by Major Long to the Rocky Mountains" and the "Route of the Expedition commanded by Major Long to Lake Winnipeg." Also noted is the "Route of Traders from Missouri to New Mexico" (Santa Fe Trail). Numerous Indian tribes and villages are located in the West including the lands of the Choctaw, Cherokee, Osage, Pawnee, Sioux, and Mandan Indians to name a few. Indian Boundary Lines are shown in Michigan Territory, Arkansas Territory, and Missouri while Military Bounty Lands from the War of 1812 are identified in both Illinois and Missouri, demonstrating the competing interests along the frontier.

The large map is augmented by several insets including Map of North America Including All the Recent Geographical Discoveries, which later appeared in Finley's 1826 American Atlas and presents the United States' view of the Oregon Boundary Dispute. Additional insets include: "The Principal Steam Boat Routes throughout the United States" including the recently completed Erie Canal; "Statistical Table of the United States;" and "Comparative Elevation of the Principal Mountains and Hills in the United States." The title cartouche uses fancy lettering and is decorated by the emblem of the United States.

Dissected into 40 panels and mounted on original linen with maroon ribbon edging. Self-folding with marbled, stiff paper covers. Later editions are known to have been published in 1828 and 1829.(B ). Estimate: $8,000.00 - $10,000.00

goto detail pageHighly Detailed British Atlas Map Featuring the Independent Republic of Texas

Lot 158.  (United States and Texas), Johnston, ca. 1842 . This handsome and very detailed map of the eastern United States features the independent Republic of Texas. Typical of British maps of this period, the map is densely engraved with information including an incredible network of roads and trails, built and proposed railways, operational and proposed canals, and lighthouse locations. The territories of Wisconsin and Iowa are both depicted, with Iowa stretching between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and extending to the Canadian border. Texas is shown with its borders extending from the Rio Grande to the Arkansas, encompassing Santa Fe and beyond Pike's Peak and James Peak. All of the important settlements in Texas are noted including all the communities along the Rio Grande. A note in the bottom left corner states "The Independence of Texas was formally declared in March 1836. It was recognized by Great Britain in Novr. 1840; and has been acknowledged by the United States, France, Holland and Belgium." In the upper left corner is an inset, Sketch of the River Niagara. There is a note in the Atlantic regarding the Slave-holding States. From Johnston’s early lithographed edition of his National Atlas. Engraved by William & Alexander K. Johnston. (B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,400.00

goto detail pageImportant Map of Colonial New England and the Mid-Atlantic

Lot 161.  (Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova), Blaeu, [1635 ]. This important map, first issued in 1635, is one of the first to focus on the Dutch colony in North America and to name Nieu Amsterdam (New York). It is based on the manuscript of Andriaen Block (1614), a Dutch fur trader, who explored the area between Cape Cod and Manhattan and was the first to correctly delineate the longitudinal scale of the coastline and establish Manhattan as an island. The colony of Nieu Pleimonth is identified, as well as other English names along the coast, which were derived from Smith's map of New England in 1616. The map is oriented with north to the right and is richly adorned with a variety of wildlife, including the first appearance of beavers, polecats and otters on a printed map. Quebec is noted with a minute depiction of the fort and buildings, and the mythical kingdom pf Norumbega is noted near the R. Pentagouet (Penobscot River) in present-day Maine. A large Mohawk village is shown derived from the White-de Bry engravings. It is further embellished with a large title cartouche flanked by two natives, sailing ships, canoes, and compass roses. German text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageVisscher's Influential Map with Early View of New York City - Rare 3rd State Without Philadelphia

Lot 163.  (Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae nec non Partis Virginiae Tabula Multis in Locis Emendata), Visscher, ca. 1682 . This landmark map, one of the most important in the Jansson-Visscher series, formed the basis for the mapping of New England for nearly one hundred years. It is based on Jansson's map of 1651 with Visscher's significant addition of a view of New Amsterdam, the Dutch settlement on Manhattan Island. This view is one of the earliest images of New York City showing the southern tip of Manhattan Island as a small settlement dominated by a Dutch fort and the buildings of the Dutch West India Company. This fascinating view is based on the Albertina drawing, discovered in the Albertina Collection of the Austrian National Library in 1991, and is believed to have been used to illustrate the text of Adriaen van der Donck's Remonstrance. The Albertina drawing depicts the struggling Dutch colony of New Amsterdam circa 1648, and was designed to substantiate Van der Donck's plea to the States-General for additional support for the colony. Although the buildings, structures, and layout are nearly identical in Visscher's view, the appearance of the town was beautified to accomplish a very different goal: encouraging emigration to the new colony.

The cartography is nearly identical with Jansson's map, which in turn borrowed heavily from the Blaeu map of 1635 including some of its most glaring errors. Lacus Irocoisiensis (Lake Champlain) remains radically misplaced to the east of the Connecticut River, the St. Lawrence River (also called the Grand River of New Netherland) and Ottawa River are intertwined, and the coast of New England is imperfectly mapped. The influence of the Dutch in the region over that of the English was also grossly misrepresented in this map, exemplified by the large lettering of Nova Belgica Nieuw Nederlandt compared with the diminutive lettering of Nova Anglia Nieuw Engelandt. In addition, the Director General of New Netherlands, Peter Stuyvesant, had signed a treaty in 1650 with the English, ceding much of Long Island to the English and establishing the border between their territories to a line extending north from the Greenwich-Stamford area. This exaggeration of Dutch strength in the New World was again an attempt to lure colonists. However, the encroachment of numerous English settlements on Dutch territories -- such as Stratfort (Stratford) and Stamfort (Stamford) in Connecticut and Greenwyck (Greenswick) and Heemstee (Hempstead) on Long Island -- is perhaps fore-shadowing of the Dutch losing control of New Amsterdam in 1667. Visscher's map was certainly an improvement over Jansson's, reflecting the increase in Dutch knowledge of the geography of the vicinity of Manhattan and Long Island, the settlements on the Delaware, Hudson and Connecticut Rivers, and those along the Massachusetts coast. The map was so highly regarded that it played a part in colonial boundary disputes; between New York and New Jersey and again between Pennsylvania and Maryland. This is the third state, with Visscher's imprint changed to "Nicolaum Visscher" and the addition of a notation of Privilege added to the left of the view, but prior to the addition of Philadelphia.(B ). Estimate: $7,500.00 - $9,000.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Important 17th Century Maps of the Chesapeake Bay

Lot 170.  (Nova Virginiae Tabula), Hondius, ca. 1652 . This graphic map is Henricus Hondius' version of Capt. John Smith's important map of 1612, drawn from his brother's map of 1618. After the death of Jodocus Hondius in 1629, his widow sold a number of plates to Blaeu. Angry at the sale to a competitor, Henricus and Joannes Jansson engaged engravers to cut new plates, which were largely based on Jodocus' work. This is the 5th derivative of Smith's map. It is beautifully engraved with topographical features and the locations of scores of Indian villages. In the upper left corner is an engraving of the great Indian chief Powhatan seated on his throne and surrounded by his subjects. A Susquehanna chief, facing in toward Chesapeake Bay (opposite of Jodocus' plate), is depicted on the right under a coat of arms. French text on verso, published between 1652-58.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageMap Created to Promote German Immigration to the New World

Lot 172.  (Virginia Marylandia et Carolina in America Septentrionali Britannorum Industria Excultae), Homann, ca. 1714 . This handsome map of the mid-Atlantic colonies is balanced with an exquisite pictorial cartouche filling the lower right. It locates the large hypothetical lake (Apalache Lacus) west of Craven County, Carolina. Some counties and many rivers of eastern Virginia are shown, but western Virginia is vague with only Germantown, Mister Krug's Plantation and Fort Christ Anna named. Florida is shown extending west of Virginia, all the way north to Lake Erie. Maryland along Cheseapeake Bay [sic] shows many rivers and towns with soundings in most bays, and the coastline of North Carolina is fairly accurate. Philadelphia is shown correctly in this second state (Williams & Johnson) as a block plan resting between the Schuylkill River and another branch, not divided by the rambling Sasquesahanag River as in earlier editions. New Jersey is divided vertically into west and east sections. There is a large Sandy Hook, a minuscule Manhattan, and a thin Long Island Sound. The huge title cartouche depicts European merchants, Indians, trade goods, and the fruits of land and sea -- imagery intended to attract people to the New World. This is an earlier edition prior to the addition of "Cum Privilegio Sac. Caes.Majest" in the title cartouche, which occurred circa 1730.(A ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageMap of Chesapeake Bay Based on Landmark Herrman Map

Lot 173.  (A New Map of Virginia Mary-land and the Improved Parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey...), Browne/Senex, 1719 . This fine map of Chesapeake Bay is a derivative of the landmark map by Augustine Herrman. The map has been re-oriented with north at the top and the western region has been simplified, but the precise mapping of the bay was taken directly from the surveys of Herrman. Delaware is shown to be a part of Pennsylvania, favoring the claims of Lord Baltimore, rather than the Cape Henelopen boundary, which was finally ratified by the British courts when the dispute was settled in the 1730s. New Jersey is divided into East and West Jersey, and the Virginia-Maryland border is shown correctly along the right bank of the Potomac River. The Raritan River system derives from either the cartography of John Ried or Philip Wells. The cartouche is festooned with tobacco, a major product of the region during colonial times.

In 1673 Augustine Herrman received a royal, fourteen-year copyright on his map of Chesapeake Bay. Despite the copyright, the map was plagiarized almost immediately, first in 1676 in Speed's atlas, and many slightly modified and simplified editions followed. One of the most successful of the Herrman derivatives, in terms of longevity and beauty, was this map, first issued by Christopher Browne in about 1692 and then reissued by John Senex in 1719. Senex dedicated his edition to the Earl of Orkney, Lord George Hamilton, who was then the Governor of Virginia.(A ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00

goto detail pageFirst State of Robert de Vaugondy's Essential Map of Virginia and Maryland

Lot 174.  (Carte de la Virginie et du Maryland Dressee sur la Grande Carte Angloise de Mrs. Josue Fry et Pierre Jefferson), Robert de Vaugondy, 1755 . This handsome map is the French edition of the Fry-Jefferson map - one of the most important 18th century maps of the region. Due to the rarity and high value of the four-sheet English version of the Fry-Jefferson map, the first state of the single-sheet French version is the earliest obtainable map to accurately depict the interior of Virginia beyond the Tidewater, and is an essential map for the Virginia map collection. This is the most desirable first state with the Limites du Lord Fairfax delineating the Fairfax Grant in Virginia’s Northern Neck and the vast region northwest of it. The signature of the engraver, Elisabeth Haussard, is below the cartouche.

The map details the coastline from Cape May in New Jersey to the Currituck Inlet and inland with finely engraved details of the interior regions of Virginia, the ridges, rivers and valleys of the Appalachians, and the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. The locations of native villages and wagon roads are noted as well. Delaware is labeled as De La War Counties. While the title is in French, most of the information is in English.

Surveyor Peter Jefferson was Thomas Jefferson's father, and Joshua Fry was a commander in the colonial militia during the French and Indian War. They were ideal appointees for the project as they had accumulated a substantial amount of information from their work on the western frontier. Their knowledge, along with reports received from other explorers, produced the most detailed account of the inhabited parts of the colonies.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,300.00 - $2,750.00

goto detail pageA Seminal Map of the Southeast and Early American Cartography - Full Original Color

Lot 179.  (Virginiae Item et Floridae Americae Provinciarum, Nova Descriptio), Hondius, [1619 ]. This stunning map was compiled from two of the most important source maps of the early colonial period: John White's Virginia and Jacques le Moyne's Florida. Hondius' map became the prototype map of the region for the first half of the 17th century and continued to influence the cartography of the region until the middle of the 18th century. Largely due to the enormous success of Hondius' Atlas, Le Moyne's erroneous depiction of a large inland lake (Lacus aquae dulcis) from which the R. de May (St. John's River) flows in a southeasterly direction was popularized. Chesapeake Bay, here called Chesepioock Sinus, and the area south towards C.S. Romano Hispanis are shown in their White delineations. The Indian villages of Paquiwok, Croatoan, and Wococon are named in the Outer Banks and several others along the Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds. The map is extensively decorated with depictions of Indian villages incorporated in the title cartouche, a Floridian king and queen and Virginian natives in a canoe taken from De Bry, wildlife including a wild turkey, ships, sea monsters and a superb compass rose. French text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageWarren's General Map - One of the Most Important Maps of the American West

Lot 217.  (Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean Ordered by the Hon. Jeff'n Davis, Secretary of War...), Warren, 1857 . Known as "Warren's General Map," this is a monumentally important map that is considered to be the first accurate overall picture of the region. Wheat considered it so important that he dedicated eight pages to its description and called it the most important map produced by the Topographical Engineers. Drawn on the polyconic projection, the map culminated a half-century of government explorations beginning with Lewis & Clark. Only 24 years old when assigned the task, Warren used information from the U.S. Land Office, the Coast Survey, Topographical Engineers, the Adjutant General, the Quartermaster General, the Indian Bureau, and Smithsonian Institution to obtain the latest information in developing this map. The majority of the map was completed by 1854, but it was not fully complete when the first railroad survey report was published in 1855 and thus did not accompany all editions. A remarkable and scarce map that represents the best geological knowledge of the day. Printed on two sheets and joined, as issued.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageRare Large Chart of New York Bay and Bight

Lot 281.  (New-York ses Mouillages et ses Atterages...), Depot de la Marine, 1854 . This rare oversized chart focuses on the New York Bay and Bight. It spans from Shrewsbury in Monmouth County, north to Newark, and east to South Oyster Bay and Jones Beach Island. There is fine topographical detail along the coasts, and cities such as Perth Amboy, Elizabethtown, Newark, and Jersey City, as well as boroughs/neighborhoods such as Lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Williamsburg, are shown in miniature plan form. The water is filled with navigational information, including soundings, bottom types, banks, currents, lighthouses, and more. Raritan, Sandy Hook, Upper New York, Jamaica, Hempstead, and South Oyster bays are among the bays identified here. Notes on the system of measurement used and navigation appear across the top, and a table at bottom right provides information about the direction and speed of the currents. Coastal profile views at the bottom show the Sandy Hook Light from two vantages, the Navesink Heights and surroundings, and a lengthy stretch from Navesink Light to South Amboy. The engraved seal of the Depot de la Marine is below the title, with the price Prix. Deux Francs appearing below the neatline at bottom right. Drawn by J.M. Hacq and V. Carre and engraved by C.E. Collin. (B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageRare Civil War-Era Map of South Carolina from the Confederacy's Preferred Printer

Lot 296.  (Map of the Seat of War, in South Carolina, and Georgia), Evans & Cogswell, ca. 1861 . This rare Civil War pocket map of South Carolina was published and lithographed by Evans & Cogswell, a company based out of Charleston. The map spans from Savannah to Kingstree, extending as far west as Barnwell. It identifies Charleston, Savannah, Ft. Sumter, Beaufort, Summerville, Branchville, Orangeburg, and a number of other towns and cities. Drawn on a scale of one to five miles, it renders the region in impressive detail, with rivers, swamps, railroads, roads, bridges, ferries, churches, post offices, and even private residences located. There is also exquisite coverage of the coastline showing the islands, inlets, bays, and shoals. An inset at bottom right zooms in on Chatham County south of Savannah.

Founded in 1821, Walker, Evans & Cogswell became Evans & Cogswell after Walker stepped back to become a silent partner in 1860. During the Secession Convention of 1860, the company was retained as printer and eventually lithographed the Ordinance of Secession. The company served as printer and paper supplier to the Confederacy throughout the war, providing stationary, manuals, small denomination currency, bonds, a prayer book for soldiers, stamps, books on tactics and medicine, and more. After the bank next door to their operations was hit with a shell from Morris Island during the Union blockade of Charleston, Evan & Cogswell relocated to Columbia. In February 1865, the new location was burned during Sherman's March. The business rebooted back in Charleston after the war under its original name and continued to operate until 1982.

This example does not include the original covers. (B ). Estimate: $7,000.00 - $8,500.00

goto detail pageFirst Engraved Map of Matagorda Bay

Lot 310.  (Bahia de S. Bernardo), Direccion de Hidrografia, [1809 ]. According to Steeter, this was the first separately engraved map of St. Bernardo Bay (Matagorda Bay). Uncommon, if not rare, it shows the Colorado River emptying in the Lago de S. Bernardo which is connected to the Bay. The narrow entrance to the Gulf of Mexico is flanked by Ila de S. Francisco and Barra de S. Bernardo (Pass Cavallo between Matagorda Island and Matagorda Peninsula). This is the first edition of the map with later editions published in 1818 and 1825. On a scale of 2 miles per inch with "TG" below the bottom neatline.(B+ ). Estimate: $700.00 - $850.00

goto detail pageRare London Issue of Lloyd's Civil War Map of Virginia with Racist Commentary

Lot 311.  (Lloyd's Official Map of the State of Virginia from Actual Surveys by Order of the Executive 1828 & 1859...), Lloyd, 1862 . This scarce, large-scale folding map depicts Virginia during the Civil War, and was based on the Boye-Bucholtz four-sheet map of 1859. Originally published as a nine-sheet map in 1827, the Boye-Bucholtz map of Virginia was a landmark in its time, being "the largest and finest map of the state produced in the nineteenth century," according to Wooldridge. The surveying, drafting and engraving took a decade of work and $80,000 to complete and resulted in a map that was nearly forty square feet in size. A reduced-size version was also authorized, which appeared in 1859 and served as the basis for Lloyd's map of the state. Of course when Lloyd first published his edition in 1861, he marketed it as "Lloyd's $100,000 Topographical Map of Virginia Used by the War Department." And although the title of the map was "Lloyd's Official Map of the State of Virginia," the map had not been granted any official status by the state government.

Lloyd's map underwent several editions with varying text and advertisements surrounding the map, including this updated edition in 1862 based on surveys made by W. Angelo Powell of the U.S. Topographical Engineers. This edition also includes a note below the title stating that: "This is the only map used to plan campaigns in Virginia by General McClellan." At left are geological remarks describing the rock and soil formations that are found in different areas of the state. Below the geological remarks is a table listing the white, slave and free black populations of the state in 1790, 1800, 1810, and 1859, showing the dramatic growth of the state.

One of the most fascinating and unusual elements of this map is the commentary to the right of the title, which condemns the Burnet House (a hotel) in Cincinnati, Ohio, due to its inhospitable proprietor, an avid gambler, and its indecent employees, who regularly harass women. After a lengthy description of the improper behaviors of those associated with the hotel, the note also chastises a Philadelphia hotel: "owned by Boston negro worshiping abolitionists, who, thinking a negro better than a white person, attempted on the 1st of January to set a 'culled pussun' at their table, which so enraged the guests that they left the house." The note ends with: "Let the seal of public contempt be put upon such houses and their ungentlemanly conductors." It is a little odd that the map would caution readers against a hotel in Cincinnati, Ohio, however it is more fitting that the publisher would mention the hotel in Philadelphia, which is shown in the map at top right, particularly in light of Virginia's recent secession from the Union.

The map itself is filled with detail, including counties, towns, roads, rivers, and topographical detail. The map extends to include all of Maryland and southern Pennsylvania. Railroad lines are depicted throughout most of Virginia, including the Richmond and Lynchburg; the Richmond and Danville; the Orange and Alexandria; and the Virginia and Tennessee. Many of these rail lines were indispensable during the Civil War. Also identified are mills, factories, iron works, forts, batteries, colleges and houses of worship. This edition was issued mounted on linen and folds into dark green cloth-covered self-wrappers. The front cover of the wrappers has a printed title label indicating that the map "shows all the points of interest in connection with the movements of the Armies near Washington" and includes the imprint "J. T. Lloyd, London: 1, Strand, W.C." It is likely that printed copies of the map were sent to London to be sold to the British public, who were closely following the American Civil War.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00

goto detail pageBrue's Landmark Map of the West Featuring the Republic of Texas

Lot 328.  (Nouvelle Carte du Mexique, du Texas et d'une Partie des Etats Limitrophes...), Brue, 1840 . This is the sixth edition of Brue's 1834 landmark map of the West and only the second edition to depict the Republic of Texas. It was separately issued and published posthumously by Charles Picquet. The map is significant for its depiction of Jedediah Smith's travels in the Great Basin region, showing his route with a solid line from just south of Lac Teguayo (Great Salt Lake) southwest to approximately San Diego, north to R. Wimmelche near the San Joaquin River, and east back to Lac Teguayo, crossing over Mt. St. Joseph (Lassen Peak in northern California) along the way. Wheat describes the first edition of this map as "one of the foundation stones of western mapping" for "it was the first attempt to show the route of Smith's magnificent trek." In addition to Smith's route, the map shows the mythical Lac Timapanogos connecting to the Multnomah River and presumably on to the Pacific Ocean.

This edition is significant for being the first edition with the name Texas added to the title. The Republic of Texas, which is shown in its smaller configuration along the Nueces River. A growing network of roads and wagon trails are depicted from the Red River to points south, and numerous settlements are named including San Antonio de Bexar, San Felipe de Austin, Houston, Nashville and Matagorda to name a few. The map makes note of a Mexican Garrison just north of Tenoxtitlan and also shows two very early railroads connecting Galveston Bay to Columbia and Washington to Fort Monticello. Includes inset maps of the eastern Mexican coast and Central America at bottom. This edition is also notable for updates in the Great Basin based on John Arrowsmith's map of British North America published in 1837.

The map is surrounded by a decorative keyboard-style border that indicates longitude from Paris along with Picquet's engraved and embossed seal to the right of the title cartouche.(B ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $3,750.00

goto detail pageExtremely Rare Chart Showing Future Site of Scottish Settlement of Caledonia

Lot 341.  (De Cust van Westindien, van Cabo de Tyburon, tot Punta St. Blaes), Roggeveen, ca. 1675 . This rare chart focuses on the coastline between the Gulf of Darien and San Blas Point. This area was extremely important to the Spanish treasure fleets during the 16th century, and eventually became the location of the short-lived Scottish settlement of Caledonia. Along the center of the coastline is Ilha Pynos (Isle of Pines), and adjacent to it is I. Gorda, which is likely the Golden Island known to the Scots. The Company of Scotland had been instructed to build a settlement on the mainland near the Golden Island, due to its proximity to the entrance to the Gulf of Darien. Therefore it is most likely that the bay named Porta de Alla was the future location of the Scottish settlement of New Edinburgh, which was constructed beginning in 1698. Two fine compass roses orient the chart with north to the bottom and two strapwork cartouches complete the adornment.

Arent Roggeveen, a land surveyor and mathematician, taught navigation for the Dutch East and West India Companies. He also helped maintain their collection of hydrographic manuscripts and charts. In the mid 1660s, Roggeveen compiled a series of large-scale sea charts of North America and the West Indies, which was published by Pieter Goos in Het Brandende Veen or The Burning Fen. This landmark atlas was the first Dutch pilot to focus on the Americas, with a number of regions mapped in larger scale than in any previously printed work. After Goos died in 1679, his widow sold the plates to Jacob Robijn, who reissued the maps with his name added to the title, as seen here. Both editions are extremely rare.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageScarce Sea Chart with Interesting Depiction of the Coastline of the US

Lot 353.  (Pascaerte van Westindien de Vaste Kusten en de Eylanden), Goos, [1666 ]. Goos' scarce map of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean was based on Hessel Gerritsz' map of the region published circa 1631, which influenced numerous derivatives. Goos included updates from other derivatives, including the cartography of the Gulf of Mexico as depicted by Joannes van Loon, circa 1661, and the mildly sloped coastline of the Southeast U.S. as depicted by Hendrick Doncker, circa 1659. However Goos' map was the first derivative to include Gerritsz' inset of the northern coast of Cuba, which fills the bottom left corner. Goos also made some improvements, such as the depiction of the Outer Banks. The map is adorned with two compass roses and the title appears on a cow hide held aloft by two cherubs.(B ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageMoll's Two-Sheet Map Showing Colonial Possessions with Large View of Mexico City

Lot 355.  (A Map of the West-Indies or the Islands of America in the North Sea; with ye Adjacent Countries; Explaining What Belongs to Spain, England, France, Holland &c...), Moll, ca. 1720 . This large and incredible chart is filled with so much information, notes, place names, and interesting configurations that it almost defies description. The map itself extends west to include the Rio Grande, south to northern South America, east to include the Bahamas and the Caribbean, and north just to show Charles Town. The rich silver mining area of Caouila (Coahuila) is shown in New Mexico. Louisiana occupies the entire Gulf Coast and is noted as being in Possession of ye French. Florida is depicted in the triangular form and is called the region of Lakes, Morasse's and Broken Land. Georgia extends west to the Apalaxy River and is labeled Carolina - English. Texas is not named, but the region is labeled Quelameloueches (a possible reference to the Comanche Indians) and is a Country full of Beeves. This region extends to name New Mexico, which itself is above New Leon in northern Mexico. An interesting notation describes the route used to transport cannons to Acapulco. Many details in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico relate to the routes of Spanish galleons and there are many other notes on the Trade Routes to Spain. The lines of longitude show the number of hours difference from London. A large inset of Mexico City fills the left quadrant of the map and five smaller insets detail Havana, St. Augustine, Portobello, Cartagena and Vera Cruz. A dedication cartouche to Sir William Paterson is topped by a coat of arms. Paterson founded the Bank of England and was a prominent trader in the West Indies. He was also the main proponent of the infamous Darien scheme. The imprints of Thomas and John Bowles appear at bottom center. Printed on two sheets, joined as issued.

Herman Moll was one of Britain's most prominent cartographers of the first half of the 18th century. He emigrated from Germany and went to work as an engraver for Moses Pitt in 1678. Soon he joined one of London's most interesting social circles, which gathered at Jonathan's Coffee House, and included stock speculators, scientists, archaeologists, authors, pirates, and sea-captains. From these friends, Moll gained a great deal of privileged information that he compiled into his cartographic works. Moll's success and prosperity was due in part to his social connections and political astuteness, and to his distinctive style and quality workmanship. He produced a great number of often-innovative maps, charts, globes, atlases and geographies. His best known works are the large two-sheet maps produced for his World Described, which were also published separately.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageLandmark Map of Florida, Cuba and the Bahamas

Lot 368.  (Nieuwe en Naeukeurige Afteekening vant Canaal van Bahama... / Nouvelle Carte Marine du Canal de Bahama...), van Keulen, ca. 1780 . This superb, large-scale nautical chart is a landmark in the mapping of the Florida peninsula, Bahamas and Cuba. Southern Florida is shown in tremendous detail and includes dozens of place names, islands and soundings with an excellent depiction of the Keys. The fine detail extends throughout the Bahamas and Cuba and includes three inset plans of Havana, Hondo and Matanzas Bays. A note at top refers to the discovery of the Bahamas by Columbus. Van Keulen based much of his map on English observations and included two designations of latitude (English and Dutch) which vary by 30 minutes.

Gerard Van Keulen was the son of Johannes Van Keulen, patriarch of perhaps the most prolific of all Dutch map making families. The family firm commenced in 1680, but it was Gerard who brought it to its full glory in the 18th century. A talented engraver and mathematician, and later Hydrographer to the East India Company, Gerard became the mainspring of the business, issuing many important charts and books on all aspects of geography, navigation, etc. Until the opening of the Dutch Hydrographic Office in the 19th century, the Van Keulen firm issued what were regarded as the official Dutch sea charts.(B+ ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $6,500.00

goto detail pageVery Rare Map from Sir Hans Sloane's Account of Jamaica

Lot 373.  (A New Map of the Island of Jamaica [on sheet with] A New Chart of the Western Ocean [and] A New Chart of the Caribee Islands ), Sloane, [1707 ]. This map, by Sir Hans Sloane, appeared in his monumental work, A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves. S. Christophers and Jamaica, which was published in two volumes, with the first volume published in 1707 and the second in 1725. Sloane, an Irish-born physician and naturalist, was sent to Jamaica in 1687 to serve as the physician for the new Governor of Jamaica, the second Duke of Albemarle. During his 15 months in Jamaica, Sloane traveled extensively, recording information about the natural history, people, and productions of the island. He published his notes on the flora, fauna, climate, agriculture, trade links, people, and culture of the island in A Voyage to the Islands..., which included 284 plates and 1 large folding map.

The map actually includes three maps with separate borders, with a map of Jamaica occupying the bottom half of the sheet. The map of Jamaica gives good detail of the rivers, roads, settlements, and landowners on the island, particularly on the eastern end. The location of various types of production are also shown, including those for sugar, indigo, gotton, and cacao. An inset of Kingston Harbor (here Harbour of Port-Royall) provides navigational information. The cartouche for the Jamaica map features palm trees and a native American man, woman, and child. At the top of the sheet is another large map depicting the North Atlantic Ocean, with minimal detail except for place names along the coastlines. Adjacent to this map is a smaller map of the Lesser Antilles from the eastern part of Puerto Rico to the northern tip of South America.

This map is very rare; we were not able to find any records of this map being for sale in the last 30 years. Sloane's 2-volume work, with the map included, does appear on the market on occasion.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Map only Published in Historia Mundi

Lot 412.  (Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Bermudas Dictarum...), Mercator/Hondius, ca. 1635 . This is a scarce, small map of Bermuda noting the various tribes along with a number of settlements. Bermuda is shown enlarged in the middle of the north Atlantic Ocean, with Virginia appearing at top left, Plymouth and Cape Cod at top center, and Nova Anglia at top right. The lack of a relative scale in this map gives it a unique appearance. The map is adorned with a compass rose orienting north to the top right and a sinking ship. This map is from the English edition of Mercator's Atlas Minor, which was published under the title Historia Mundi or Mercators Atlas by Michael Spark and Samuel Cartwright. After acquiring the plates to the 1607 edition of the Mercator/Hondius Atlas Minor, Sparke republished the maps with text translated into English by Wye Saltonstall. Sparke also had 41 additional maps engraved for the Historia Mundi, including this map of Bermuda. Most of these maps were copied from Cloppenburg's edition of Atlas Minor, and some were signed by the engravers Jacob van Langren and Ralph Hall. These additional maps only appeared in the 1635, 1637 and 1639 editions of the Historia Mundi and are therefore quite scarce. English text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $700.00 - $900.00

goto detail pageFamous Cartographic Oddity of Europe in the Shape of a Woman

Lot 419.  ([Europa Regina]), Munster, ca. 1628 . This is one of the most famous of cartographic oddities, showing Europe in the shape of a woman. The representation of Europa Regina, or Queen of the World, was first drawn by Johannes Bucius in 1537. This simplified version appeared in several editions of Munster's Cosmography from 1580 onwards. West is shown at top with Spain forming the crown and head, France and Germany the neck and bust, Bohemia the heart, Italy the left arm holding an orb (Sicily) and Denmark the right arm holding a scepter with Britain as the flag. The remainder of the figure is a flowing robe with Greece and Russia at the feet. It has been argued that instead of a woman, the map represents Charles V of Spain, modeling a Europe that had Spain as its crown, or that it symbolizes a Habsburg-dominated Europe. Whatever the source, this is an extraordinary example of the art of mapmaking. German text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageSpeed's Carte-a-Figures Map of the Roman Empire

Lot 421.  (A New Mappe of the Romane Empire Newly Described ), Speed, ca. 1662 . This striking map of the Roman Empire focuses on Europe and the regions surrounding the Mediterranean - areas that were dominated by Rome at the height of its empire. At top are views of Rome, Genua, Jerusalem, Venice, Constantinople, and Alexandria, flanked by medallions containing the portraits of Rome and Romulus. At the sides of the map are costumed figures representing the men and women of Spain, Italy, Turkey, Egypt, and Morocco. A large cartouche at bottom gives a brief history of the Roman Empire, with a more in depth discussion on verso. Published by Roger Rea.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,500.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pageRare Satirical Map of Europe at Start of World War I

Lot 426.  (Carte Symbolique de l'Europe / Europe en 1914), Delandre, 1915 . This rare political caricature map of Europe depicts the continent at the beginning of World War I. The map depicts the alliance situation and territorial issues towards the end of the first year of the war. The key countries involved in the war are represented by human or animal caricatures with various national symbols that help illustrate the situation. The map itself is devoid of text, with a lettered key inserted at bottom right to identify the countries portrayed. This map was designed by French artist B. Crété and published by Delandre in Paris. A close variant was created by Validslav Levinsky, an artist in Warsaw, and published in Poland. It is believed that Crété's edition appeared first, in part due to the date (9bre 1914) in the imprint, and the fact that Levinsky's edition did not pass the censors until April 1915. Several editions were published in Paris and Poland through 1915, with a notable difference in the depiction of Italy. The earlier editions depict Italy as a peaceful mandolin player lulling Sicily to sleep (as seen in this example), while later editions, published after Italy joined the Allies in the war, show Italy as a soldier holding a gun. All editions are scarce.

Each country is depicted in a fascinating and stereotypical manner. France is shown as Marianne riding a cockerel, stabbing a dagger into the forehead of a menacing bull representing Germany. The bull is also being prodded from behind by the dominating figure of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. Sweden and Norway are illustrated as two young embracing women looking over an atlas. Great Britain is depicted as a naval captain riding a large warship. Austria-Hungary is the only country that is not represented by a human or animal form, but rather is shown as a graveyard surrounding a large fallen crown, foreshadowing the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Numerous other intricate relationships and symbolic references fill the map.

Although the human personification of continents and countries can be seen as early as the 14th century (on maps by Opicinus de Canestris), human and animal metaphors on maps reached a new level in Europe between 1845 and 1945 with political cartoon maps. The rise of these satirical maps reflected the momentous political and cultural changes that occurred during the time. Political leaders were caricaturized and European nations were given symbolic identities that lent humor and accessibility to the geographical map. Based on popular stereotypes, these visual representations even found their way into the classroom to help bring geography and politics to life. Original serio-comic maps are very scarce due to their ephemeral nature.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageSpeed's "Heptarchy" Map Depicting the Saxon Kingdoms

Lot 429.  (Britain as It Was Devided in the Tyme of the Englishe Saxons Especially During Their Heptarchy), Speed, ca. 1650 . This famous map of the Saxon kingdoms is often referred to as the 'Speed Heptarchy.' It is one of the decorative masterpieces from Speed's important English atlas. The seven vignettes on the left side depict the early Saxon kings, and those on the right side show the conversion to Christianity of seven other kings. The map covers all of England and Scotland in detail, with only the eastern part of Ireland shown with a few place names. Coats of arms are placed within the map to locate the various kingdoms. Three strapwork cartouches and a compass rose further embellish the map. This is a superb example of the array of illustrative features and cartographic detail for which Speed is so famous. With the imprint of Roger Rea. English text on verso with an extensive explanation.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Map from Saxton's First National Atlas

Lot 440.  (Warwic Lecestriaeque Comitat Civitat...), Saxton, 1576 . This handsome map of Warwickshire was issued in Chirstopher Saxton's county atlas of England and Wales. It is widely considered to be the first national atlas in the world, and contains a total of 35 county maps. This example comes from the first edition published in 1579, with subsequent editions occurring up to 1772. Saxton's maps were countlessly copied over the next 200 years, and it wasn't until the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain beginning in 1784 did his maps become obsolete. Cartographically, the map is centered on Coventry and is filled with tiny towns, rivers, and forested areas. The map is further embellished with a strapwork cartouche surmounted by the coat of arms of Elizabeth I, an additional coat of arms to Thomas Seckford (Saxton's patron), and a distance scale with measuring dividers. Saxton's imprint appear below the distance scale. An important map for any British collection. (B ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageThe Only Map in Braun and Hogenberg's Atlas of Town Views

Lot 461.  (Danorum Marca, uel Cimbricum, aut Daniae Regnum...), Braun & Hogenberg, 1585 . This striking map of Denmark by Marcus Jordan is the only actual map featured in Braun and Hogenberg's epochal city atlas. It extends from the northern regions of Germany to the southern section of present-day Sweden, and includes a wealth of town names and a detailed depiction of Denmark's many waterways. Two dueling sea monsters appear in the ocean, along with a ship and several notations referring to battles and local features. There are a total of four decorative cartouches, including a dedication to Count Heinrich von Rantzau, the Danish governor in Schleswig-Holstein and a friend to Braun, at top right. The politician helped Braun by giving him access to several documents with views of the northern cities. Rantzau's coat of arms is supported by Athena and Ares on the cartouche at bottom right. Latin text on verso. This is an early edition prior to the bottom left corner of the plate breaking off, as is common with most editions.(A ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageStunning Oversized Plan of Paris

Lot 487.  (Le Plan de Paris, Ses Faubourgs et Ses Environs / Platte Grond van Parys, zyn Voorburgen en Omleggende Plaatse), Delisle/Covens & Mortier, ca. 1730 . This large-scale plan of Paris also depicts its surrounding faubourgs and environs, and is based on the work of Nicolas de Fer. A lettered key names and locates 23 important buildings. Streets, churches, palaces, gardens, boat yards, orchards, hotels and much more are depicted on this superb plan. This fully engraved and handsome chart is further embellished with a large city coat of arms, a very nice compass rose, and four distance scales. Title above map is in both French and Dutch. Printed on two sheets, joined.(A ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageRare English Edition of Ortelius' Map of Russia with a Vignette of Ivan the Terrible

Lot 546.  (Russiae, Moscoviae et Tartariae Descriptio. Auctore Antonio Ienkensono Anglo...), Ortelius, [1606 ]. Fascinating map of Russia and the former Soviet republics from the surveys of the English merchant and adventurer, Anthony Jenkinson, in 1562. Jenkinson was leader of the Muscovy Company's first expedition to Russia and the first European to travel widely throughout the region. Ortelius' map replicates much of the detail and decoration found on the original Jenkinson map complete with extensive notations, illustrations of Cossacks, camels, encampments, armies, and a curious burial scene where the dead are hung from trees. A vignette of Ivan the Terrible appears at top left. This example was included in the only English edition of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1606, with English text on verso. (B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pageSatirical Map Depicting the Russo-Turkish War

Lot 557.  (Carte de la Guerre en Orient), Demare, [1877 ]. This satirical map depicting the Russo-Turkish War appeared in the April 21, 1877 edition of Le Carillon, a French journal. The Russo-Turkish War began due to nationalist movements within the Balkans, with Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Montenegro rising up against the Ottoman Empire with the assistance of their Russian ally. This map, created by H. Demare, shows Turkey in yellow depicted as three Ottomans, one of whom is having his hand bitten by Bosnia, shown in pink. The large, green Russian bear looms over Romania, represented as two timid rabbits, and sends an army of bears into Bulgaria. Prussia, France, and Britain survey the situation from afar with telescopes, with Britain suspended in a hot air balloon. The text at left describes how the journal sent reporters into the Balkans, with a letter reprinted from one of its reporters describing his travels and explaining how he kept his "virginal dignity" by avoiding the advances of the Turkish women. Additional French text on verso. With text measures 22.3 x 15.3".(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageImpressive 6-Sheet Wall Map of the Holy Land

Lot 629.  ([On 6 joined sheets] Dimidia Tribus Manasse ... [and] Tribus Ruben, et Gad ... [and] Pars Maxima Tribus Iuda ... [and] Tribuum Ephraim ... [and] Tribus Aser ... [and] Tribus Simeon …), Dapper, [1678 ]. This superb, large wall map on six joined sheets is based on Adrichom's "Situs Terrae Promissionis." Oriented to the east, the map shows the region divided into the twelve tribes on both sides of the Jordan River, the shoreline running from Sidon to Alexandria. The Cison Torrens (Kishon River) is shown as connecting the Sea of Galilee with the Mediterranean Sea, and there are many nonexistent rivers, e.g., a river connecting Jerusalem with the Dead Sea. In the Dead Sea, four burning cities are shown: Sodoma, Gomorra, Seboim, and Adama. The dramatic map is beautifully engraved to show topographical features, major roads, towns and villages and richly embellished with dozens of biblical illustrations. Inset maps in the top corners depict Abraham's journey and the wandering of the Israelites through the desert. (A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageRoberts' Landmark Views of the Holy Land

Lot 635.  (The Holy Land), Roberts, ca. 1879 . David Roberts, R.A. (1796-1864) was one of the first Europeans to depict the Middle East. Considered a dangerous and barbaric land, it was not until the Napoleonic invasion of Egypt after 1798 that any serious study had been done into the Pharoic culture. Sir Richard Burton's infamous penetration of Mecca did not occur until 1858, twenty years after Roberts painted the wonders of the Muslim world and the Holy Land. The sketchbooks from his journeys were one of the most popular publications of its time, allowing Victorian Europeans a peek into the exotic world from the comfort of their parlors.

This is a one-volume collection of Roberts' landmark views of the Holy Land, and includes 118 (of 120) sepia lithographs divided into three parts -- Jerusalem and Galilee, Bethlehem, and Idumea and Petra -- with each part separated by its own title page, frontispiece, and list of plates. The images were created from Roberts' original drawings and were lithographed by Vincent Brooks. Each image includes accompanying text with a historical description by George Croly.

The two missing images are Mount Tabor, from the Plain of Esdraelon and Nazareth - General View. Hardbound in quarter leather with tips over maroon cloth boards, with raised bands and gilt tooling and title on spine, marbled endpapers, and a.e.g.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageSchedel's Woodcut View of Jerusalem

Lot 636.  (Folio LXIIII - Destruccio Iherosolime), Schedel, [1493 ]. This double-page woodcut illustration of the city of Jerusalem is one of the more detailed views in the Nuremberg Chronicle. It is an imaginary view of the destruction of Jerusalem, with towers toppled and the Temple of Solomon engulfed in flames. It is actually a synopsis of six separate holocausts described in the text. Major points in the city are identified with text notations. Of special interest, in the upper left of the image, are the figures of Jesus and Satan shown on top of Mount of Satan. On a full sheet of Latin text measuring 23.5 x 16.5", with additional text and illustrations on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,100.00 - $1,400.00

goto detail pageBunting's Rare Map of Asia in the Form of a Pegasus

Lot 649.  (Asia Secunda pars Terrae in Forma Pegasi), Bunting, ca. 1581 . Among the earliest cartographic oddities are the famous maps from Heinrich Bunting's unusual travel book based on the Bible. This woodblock map of Asia is presented as the mythical winged horse, Pegasus. The horse is drawn fairly realistically, so that a good deal of imagination is required to view the map. The head represents Asia Minor with the mouth at Istanbul. The wings portray Central Asia and Siberia with the Caspian Sea laying horizontally between the wings and the saddle. Persia is delineated on the horse blanket with the forelegs forming Arabia. The hind legs represent the Indian and Malay peninsulas. A ship, a sea creature and mermaids fill the seas. German text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $3,750.00

goto detail pageRare Early State of Magnificent Carte-a-Figures Map of Asia

Lot 650.  (Asia Noviter Delineata), Blaeu, ca. 1618 . This is one of the most famous 17th century maps of the continent of Asia. It is surrounded in a beautiful carte-a-figures border and is richly ornamented with animals, sea monsters and sailing ships. The eastern coastline of Asia is severely truncated, Korea is shown as an island, and Japan is depicted on the Ortelius-Teixeira model. The Indian subcontinent is too narrow and the islands of Indonesia are very sketchy. A large island labeled Ceiram probably represents the western part of New Guinea. In the interior, the Caspian Sea is oriented on an east-west axis and there are several large erroneous lakes in China including the mythical Chiamay Lacus. The frieze across the top features vignettes of the cities of Candy, Calecut, Goa, Damascus, Jerusalem, Hormuz, Banten, Aden and Macao. The inclusion of Banten reflects the emergence of the Dutch as a major commercial power in the East Indies. The side panels flanking the map depict costumed figures of the various Asian peoples. This is a rare early state of the plate with the imprint Auctore Guil: Janssonio in the cartouche and a blank verso, published between 1618-20.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,250.00

goto detail pageMap of the Chinese Empire with a Peninsular Korea

Lot 674.  (Imperii Sinarum Nova Descriptio. Auctore. Joh van Loon), Jansson/Valck & Schenk, ca. 1700 . This superb map of the Chinese Empire is drawn largely from the Blaeu map compiled by Jesuit Father Martino Martini who traveled through the region between 1643 and 1650. It deviates from that model in its depiction of the Korean peninsula, which is shown with a cluster of islands at its southern tip. The map is embellished with sailing ships and Chinese junks. The title cartouche is flanked by Chinese and Jesuit men and the scale of miles cartouche is surrounded by putti. Engraved by Johannes van Loon and originally issued by Jan Jansson in 1657, this is the later re-issue by Gerard Valk and Peter Schenk.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageOrtelius' Influential Map of Japan

Lot 677.  (Iaponiae Insulae Descriptio. Ludoico Teisera Auctore), Ortelius, 1595 . This landmark map was the first map of Japan published in a European atlas. Ortelius received the map from Ludovico Teixeira, a Portuguese Jesuit cartographer and mathematician. While Teixeira had not personally traveled to Japan, he obviously had access to Japanese sources as the map presents the first reasonably accurate and recognizable depiction of the island nation with numerous Japanese place names. Korea appears as an island tapering to a point labeled Punta dos ladrones. The map is elegantly embellished with three large galleons, two elaborate cartouches, and a boldly engraved border. This influential map was to become the basis for many other cartographers' maps of Japan for more than fifty years. Italian text on verso, published in 1608-12.(B ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,400.00

goto detail pageIncludes Discoveries Made by the Dutch Duyfken Exploration

Lot 685.  (Indiae Orientalis Nova Descriptio), Jansson, [1640 ]. Decorative chart of the region including Indochina, the Philippines and the East Indies. This map is significant for being one of the earliest to include the new discoveries made by the Dutch Duyfken exploration, as evidenced by Duyfkens Eylant depicted just below New Guinea. The Duyfken was a small ship that made landfall in 1606 on the shores of Australia's Cape York Peninsula, and is credited with the first authenticated European landing on Australian soil. The map is embellished with rhumb lines, sailing ships, sea monsters, compass roses and three cartouches. The cartouches feature indigenous people, mermaids and a sea monster. Dutch text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageHondius' Decorative Map of the Spice Islands

Lot 691.  (Insulae Indiae Orientalis Praecipuae, in Quibus Moluccae Celeberrimae Sunt), Mercator/Hondius, [1628 ]. This impressive map reflects the increasing Dutch interest in South East Asia in the wake of the establishment of the Dutch East India Company. It is one of two Asian maps that Hondius added to his expanded edition of the Mercator Atlas first published in 1606. The map covers the Malaysian Peninsula, Indochina, the Philippines, and all of the East Indies as far as New Guinea, thus illustrating the vitally important Spice Islands. Much of the geographical data for this map is based on the portolan charts of the Portuguese cartographer Bartolomeu Lasso and Plancius' important map of the region. There are important new details added on the northern islands of the Philippines and Marianas, and a curious channel bisects the Malaysian Peninsula. The southern coastline of Java is incomplete except for a bay with a note that Sir Francis Drake landed there during his circumnavigation of the globe. This is one of the few maps to show any trace of Francis Drake's explorations in South East Asia. A detailed note at lower right discusses the location of Marco Polo’s Java Minor. The map is richly embellished with strapwork cartouches, compass roses, a sea monster, and a sea battle between Dutch and Spanish galleons. French text on verso. A crack in the plate is visible at bottom right.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageBlaeu's Carte-a-Figures Map of Africa with Rare Blank Verso

Lot 709.  (Africae Nova Descriptio), Blaeu, ca. 1647 . This is one of the most decorative seventeenth century maps of the African continent and a superb example of the Dutch carte-a-figures style. The map is surrounded on three sides with vignettes of native peoples and nine principal cities. The Nile is shown according to Ptolemy with its sources arising in the lakes Zaire and Zaflan, the fictitious Lake Sachaf of Laurent Fries appears, as well as the R. de Spirito Santo. The map is further embellished with numerous ships, sea monsters (including a great seahorse), a compass rose and exotic animals wandering all over the continent. This is the third state of the map with some re-engraving of the copperplate. Blank verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,250.00

goto detail pageFirst State of One of the Finest Charts Showing California as an Island

Lot 734.  (Magnum Mare del Zur cum Insula California / De Groote Zuyd-Zee en 't Eylandt California), de Wit, ca. 1680 . This is the first state of De Wit's superb mariner's chart of the Pacific Ocean showing the island of California. California is depicted with an indented northern coast on the second Sanson model, copied from Pieter Goos' Paskaerte van Nova Granada, en t'Eylandt California from 1666. The important Dutch discoveries are noted on the northern coast of Australia: Carpentaria, New Guinea, Anthoni van Diemens Landt (Tasmania), and New Zealand. North of Japan the discoveries of De Vries are shown along with disembodied sections of 't Land van Eso and Compagnies Lant. De Wit has omitted the chain of islands and hypothetical coastline of the southern continent that is commonly found on maps of this period. Instead he has presented a fairly good view of the few known Pacific Island groups. The chart is adorned with rhumb lines, sailing ships, sea battles, and a compass rose. The allegorical title cartouche features a portrait of Magellan, cherubs, and Neptune with a female consort riding a brace of sea-horses. This chart covers an area from the equator to 50°N.Lat. and south to 45°S. Lat.

First published circa 1675, de Wit's sea atlas, Orbis Maritimus ofte Zee Atlas, contained 27 charts from the North Pole to North and South America. The charts all appear to have been engraved by Romain de Hooghe and are splendid examples of Dutch marine works. The atlas was reprinted with amendments by Louis Renard in 1715, by Reinier and Josua Ottens in 1739 and 1745, and finally by the widow of van Keulen in 1802.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pageThe First Printed Map Devoted to the Pacific

Lot 735.  (Maris Pacifici, (quod Vulgo Mar del Zur) cum Regionibus Circumiacentibus, Insulisque in Eodem Passim Sparsis, Novissima Descriptio), Ortelius, 1589 . Ortelius’ seminal map of the Pacific is the first printed map devoted to the Pacific and the first to label the Americas separately as North and South subsequent to Mercator’s 1538 world map. The map draws on the cartography of Frans Hogenberg, Mercator’s world map of 1569, and Portuguese manuscript maps of Bartolomeo de Lasso. It widens the gap between Asia and North America while properly locating the Philippines and Japan, although there is an odd Isla de Plata above Japan. North America is depicted considerably narrower and more correctly at the Tropic of Cancer, and the head of the Gulf of California is shown in a new form with the R. Grande being introduced for the first time, although misplaced. The large southern continent, Terra Australis, stretches over the bottom of the map, but the name Tierra del Fuego appears south of the Strait of Magellan. The map is adorned with two elaborate cartouches and Magellan’s surviving ship Victoria is pictured along with two smaller ships. First state with the date 1589 in the cartouche. Spanish text on verso with printed number 6, published in 1602.(B+ ). Estimate: $8,000.00 - $9,000.00

goto detail pageA Unique Mirror Image of the North Pacific with the Island of California

Lot 737.  ([North Pacific Ocean] Fol. I.D. Fig. I), Scherer, ca. 1700 . This bizarre and unusual map shows a mirror image of the North Pacific with the coastlines of America and Asia reversed, as if viewed from the center of the earth. The island of California is depicted with a heavily indented coastline. Japan has a curious shape with Honshu joined to a bulbous shaped Hokkaido by a narrow isthmus. The seas are filled with strange creatures and exquisitely engraved galleons, and the land is teeming with exotic animals. Native figures (each holding an exotic bird) support a distance measure that stretches between the continents. Inset with a large map of the Eastern hemisphere centered on Asia, also in mirror image.(A ). Estimate: $800.00 - $950.00

goto detail pageComplete Set of De Bry's Native Virginians from Part I

Lot 747.  ([Lot of 22 - Complete Set of De Bry's Prints of Virginia Natives]), de Bry, [1590 ]. This fascinating lot is a complete set of the 22 plates on Virginia Natives that were included in the first Latin edition of Part I of de Bry's Grands Voyages. This lot also includes the list of plates and 32 of the 34 pages of text on Virginia that accompany the plates, missing the sheet with pages 29-30. The only components from the section on Virginia from Part I that are not included are the map, Americae pars, Nunc Virginia and the engraving of Adam & Eve. All of the plates have blank versos. The plates depict:

II. The English arrive in Virginia
III. A Weroans, or Chieftain, of Virginia
IIII. One of the Chief Ladies of Secota
V. A Secota Priest
VI. A Young Gentlewoman of Secota
VII. A Chief of Roanoke
VIII. A Noblewoman of Pomeiock
IX. An Old Man in Winter Garb
X. How the Chief Ladies of Dasamonquepeio Carry their Children
XI. The Sorcerer
XII. How They Build Boats in Virginia
XIII. How They Catch Fish
XIIII. How They Cook their Fish
XV. How They Boil Meal in Earthenware Pots
XVI. How They Eat
XVII. Praying Around the Fire with Rattles
XVIII. The Dances at their Great Feasts
XIX. The Town of Pomeiock
XX. The Town of Secota
XXI. The Idol Kewas
XXII. The Tomb of the Weroans
XXIII. The Marks of the Chief Men of Virginia(B+ ). Estimate: $6,000.00 - $7,000.00

goto detail pageUncommon Miniature Atlas with 36 Maps

Lot 769.  (Atlas Geographicus Portatilis, XXIX Mappis Urbis Habitabilis Regna Exhibens...), Lotter/Lobeck, ca. 1760 . Fine pocket atlas with decorative maps in full original color. It opens with an allegorical frontispiece, followed by a title page in an architectural cartouche, both drawn by Gottfried Eichler, junior. The maps include the celestial and terrestrial hemispheres, the continents, and detailed maps of western and eastern Europe. Most maps are embellished with a fine title cartouche. The maps are followed by a list of maps and a Geographie (72 pages) printed for Lobeck by Johann Michael Spaeth. This atlas was a collaborative publication between Tobias Conrad Lotter and Tobias Lobeck, first published in 1747 with an almanac. The atlas remained in use for many years, with the maps reprinted and with new maps added, but the title page continued to report 29 maps. The maps present are:

1) Planisphaerium Globi Terrestris
2) Hemisphaerium Boreali [and] Hemisphaeriusm Australe
3) Europa
4) Asia
5) Africa
6) America
7) Regnorum Hispaniae et Portugalliae Tabula generalis
8) Totius Regn. Galliae sive Franciae Tabula
9) Nova Totius Italiae cum adjacentibus Maroribus et Minoribus Insulis
10) Republic di Genova
11) Status Ecclesiastici Magni que Ducatus Florentini Tabula
12) Magna Britannia complectens Angliae, Scotiae, et Hiberniae Regna
13) Tabula Gener. Totius Belgii qua Provinciae XVII Infer. Germaniae olim sub S.R.I. Circula Burgundiae
14) Germania Inferior
15) Potentissimae Helvetiorum Reipublicae Cantones Tredecim
16) Germania H. Romische Reich...
17) Cercle d'Autriche
18) Cercles de Baviere, de Suabe, de Franconie…
19) Vereinigte Niederlande, Spanische Niederlande, Herzogt. Brabant, Herzogt. Luxemburg, Graefsch. Flandern
20) Cercle de Saxonie…
21) Boheme, Morovia, & Saxonie, Lusace, Silesie…
22) Ducatus Silesiae Inferioris Tabula
23) Ducatus Silesiae Superioris
24) Circuli Supe Saxoniae Pars Meridionalis…
25) Pars Meridionalis Circuli Saxoniae Superioris
26) Tabula Circubus Saxoniae Inferioris…
27) Circulus Westphalicus I. Pars
28) Circuli Thuringiae I. Pars
29) Circuli Saxoniae Inferioris In Omnes Suos Status et Principatus II Pars
30) Bohemiae Regnum in Circulos suos divisii
31) Borussiae Regnum cum Adjacentibus Regionibus
32) Regnum Daniae
33) Regnum Sueciae
34) Impericum Russiqum Omnisque Tartaria
35) Regni Hungariae Tabula Generalis
36) Tabula Dunabii Graeciae et Archipelagi.

Following the maps is the list of maps, "Index mapparum Geograhicarum," which lists only 29 maps. The atlas' collation does not, as often found, exactly match the list given on the Index. A second title page "Kurzgesasste Geographie, in sich haltend einen aneinander hangenden Entwurf…Sack-Atlas…Tobias Lobeck…" follows with 72 pages of text. Oblong 32mo in original embossed calf binding. A lovely example of this uncommon atlas.(A ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageTeesdale's Full-Color Atlas Featuring Detailed Maps of India and Australia

Lot 772.  (A New General Atlas of the World, Compiled from the Latest Authorities Both English & Foreign, Containing Separate Maps of Its Various Countries & States...), Teesdale, [1835 ]. A fine British atlas containing 46 (of 47) maps elegantly drawn and engraved by John Dower (missing only England & Wales). The maps cover the world and show the full extent of the British Empire with consistent coloring throughout the atlas. All the maps are presented with excellent detail including roads, railways and canals. The large, foldout map of India shows a detailed view of the lands controlled by the British East India Company and the settlements of other European powers. The two maps of Australia (Colony of New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land) show the extent of exploration, settlement and mining areas. The map of the Americas features a Fifty-Four Forty or Fight border with the U.S. extending well north into British America. At the back of the atlas are maps of the ancient world including the Empires of Greece, Rome and Persia, and a map of Ancient Palestine that includes an inset of Jerusalem. Hardbound in original quarter calf with tips over green cloth boards.

Henry Teesdale was a prominent London publisher and founding fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He produced large-scale maps and charts and a number of fine atlases in the early part of the nineteenth century. He employed the most skilled draftsmen and engravers and his maps are renowned for precise detail and fine coloring. His maps, and particularly his atlases, are increasingly scarce on the market. (B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageFirst Italian Edition of The American Gazetteer

Lot 777.  ([3 Volumes] Il Gazzettiere Americano Contenente un Distinto Ragguaglio di Tutte le Parti del Nuovo Mondo...), Coltellini, [1763 ]. This impressive work is the first Italian edition of The American Gazetteer, following just one year after its English counterpart, which was published in London by J. Millar. This three-volume set is complete with 42 maps, including bird's-eye plans and views, as well as 36 additional plates depicting the people, flora, and fauna of the Americas. Rather than relaying the history of the discovery of the New World, the text discusses the political, cultural, and commercial aspects of various countries in the Americas, with particular attention to the British colonies.

Of particular interest are maps depicting the Great Lakes, Florida, Cuba, the Amazon River, and the cities of New York, Boston, St. Augustine, Pensacola, Quebec, Havana, and Cartagena. Some of the plates focus on Native Americans engaged in activities such as hunting, fishing, sailing, and making cotton and tobacco. Numerous animals are also depicted, including the bison, pelican, squirrel, penguin, armadillo, and porcupine, among others.

Missing only the list of maps for the first volume, which is supplied in photocopy. 3 volumes, 216 pp.; 256 pp.; 253 pp. 78 engraved maps and plates. Original full calf with raised bands, gilt tooling and titling on red and black leather labels on spine, and original green ribbon page markers. Published by Marco Coltellini in Livorno.(A ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $7,000.00

goto detail pageAtlas Volume to the Macartney Embassey to China Complete with 3 Maps and 38 Plates

Lot 782.  (Voyage dans l'Interieur de la Chine, et en Tartarie, fait dans les Annees 1792, 1793 et 1794, par Lord Macartney...), Staunton, [1804 ]. This is the rare atlas volume of the third French edition of George Staunton's account of George Macartney's travels to China. Macartney was Britain's first envoy to China, and was tasked by King George III with convincing Emperor Qianlong to ease restrictions on trade between Great Britain and China by allowing the British to have a permanent embassy in the country. This volume includes three large folding maps and 38 plates, all of which were engraved by Tardieu. The maps were drawn from information supplied by John Barrow, who was the private secretary to Lord Macartney. Barrow was later Secretary to the Admiralty and was a vice-president and founding member of the Royal Geographical Society. The maps are:

A. Carte sur Laquelle on a Tracee la Route des Vaisseauz le Lion et l'Indostan, Depuis l"angleterre jusqu'au Golfe de Pekin en Chine... This map of the eastern hemisphere shows the route of Macartney's ships from Britain to China with a solid line, and the return trip home with a dashed line. While Europe, Africa and Australia are largely devoid of cartographic information, there is good detail of rivers, place names, mountains and notations in China and northern Asia.
B. Carte sur Laquelle Est Tracee la Route qu'a Suivie l"ambassade Anglaise, depuis Zhe-Hol en Tartarie jusqu'a Pekin, et de Pekin a Hang-Tchou-Fou, en Chine. This map shows Macartney's route from just north of the Great Wall of China to Hangzhou, just south of present-day Shanghai. The route followed the Grand Canal, the longest ancient canal in the world, from Hangzhou to Beijing. The official courier stations, each placed at intervals of 35 to 45 km, are noted along the route.
C. Carte de la Route que l'Ambassade Anglaise a Suivie en Allant de Hang-Tchou-Fou a Quang-Tchou-Fou ou Canton en Chine. This map shows the remainder of Macartney's route from Hangzhou to Canton.

The 38 beautiful engravings illustrate numerous aspects of Chinese life and culture, including natural curiosities, plants, fishing, farming techniques, the Great Wall, a theater, and traditional costumes. A fascinating record of China in the late 18th century. Title page, list of plates, 38 plates, 3 folding maps. Hardbound in period binding with quarter leather over paper-covered boards, with gilt tooling and a red leather title label on spine.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

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