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Auction 166
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goto detail pageRare Matching Set of Hungarian Maps

Lot 11.  ([Lot of 5] A Fold ot Reszeinek Lerajzolasa [and] Amerika [and] Afrika [and] Asia [and] Europa), Ezsaias Budai, ca. 1804 . This rare set of Hungarian maps was prepared by Ezsaias Budai, a geography teacher at the Calvinist College in Debrecen, and was published in Oskolai Magyar Uj Atlas (Hungarian New School Atlas). The maps appear to be based on French atlas maps of the period, and were prepared by three students at the college. The maps show the new discoveries of Captain Cook's three voyages, with updates to Australia, New Zealand, many islands in the Pacific, and the northwest coast of North America, including Alaska. The world map traces the routes of Cook's voyages, in addition to the route of Louis Antoine de Bougainville's circumnavigation. The map of the Western Hemisphere shows the new United States prior to the Louisiana Purchase, with all states and territories extending to the Mississippi River. Santa Fe is located but the entire Rocky Mountain region and Pacific coast is devoid of detail. A charming and rarely offered set of maps.

A. A Fold ot Reszeinek Lerajzolasa (16.8 x 12.1"). Engraved by Gabor Eros.
B. Amerika (16.2 x 12.8"). Engraved by David Pethes.
C. Afrika (15.4 x 11.9"). Engraved by Josef Pap.
D. Asia (15.7 x 12.5"). Engraved by Josef Pap.
E. Europa (15.9 x 12.6"). Engraved by David Pethes.(A ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageDanckerts' Decorative Double-Hemisphere Map

Lot 20.  (Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula ), Justus Danckerts, [1685 ]. This is Danckerts' version of De Wit's splendid maritime world map. The cartographic features include the island of California and an open-ended Great Lakes on the Sanson model in North America. A remnant of Lake Parime is still shown in South America. In Africa, the Nile still rises from twin lakes and the interior is mostly guesswork. In Asia, Australia is represented only by the northern and western coastlines and Van Diemen's discoveries are shown in Tasmania and New Zealand. Above and below the map are polar projections. Lively allegorical scenes representing the four elements surround the map. Fire is depicted by a fierce battle scene and the abduction of Persephone; air as the heavenly realm ruled by Zeus and Hera; water by Neptune with his entourage, sailing ships and a fantastic spouting whale; and earth by Demeter and two other earth goddesses in a peaceful scene of harvesting and husbandry. This is Danckerts' second of two similar maps, with geography updated from De Wit's original. In the Antarctic sphere, all of the southern continents are depicted as far as the equator, whereas previously only the tip of South America was shown. In addition, Nova Guinea appears in the western hemisphere and the northwest coast of North America is illustrated and named Terra Esonis.

See also lot 775 for Shirley's reference work on world maps, which describes this lot, and lot 769 for John Leighly's rare classic reference on the island of California..(B ). Estimate: $3,750.00 - $4,500.00

goto detail pageGorgeous Double Hemisphere World Map

Lot 27.  (A New Map of the World in Two Hemispheres with the New Discoveries & Tracts of the Two Circum Navigators...), Robert Sayer, ca. 1760 . This elaborate, large-scale double hemisphere map of the world was likely issued around 1760 as it lacks many of the later 18th century discoveries on the northwest coast of North America. A partial western coastline of present-day Alaska is depicted with the note "land seen by Capt. Spanberg 1728." Further to the south there are several references to discoveries including Juan de Fuca in 1598, Martin de Aguilar in 1603, and Aleksei Chirikov in 1741. A large River of the West appears from Lake Winnipeg to the Pacific Ocean, but the western interior is otherwise blank. Outside of North America, there are only partial coastlines for New Zealand and Australia, which is also shown connected to a partial New Guinea. In South America, the large fictitious lakes of Parime and Xarayes are prominently depicted. In the oceans, the routes of Dampier and Anson are shown along with the trade winds. A fascinating note near the South Pole states "The Inhabitants if any there be who dwell within this Circle have continual Night when the Sun is in the Tropick of Cancer..." Along the corners of the sheet are two small polar projections and two celestial charts. The sheet is completed by explanatory notes, statistics, and decorated by rococo-style title cartouche. The map carries the imprint of Robert Sayer at the Golden Buck in Fleet Street.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,250.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $200! Dunn's Decorative Wall Map of the World & Heavens Showing the New Discoveries of Captain Cook

Lot 28.  ([On 4 Sheets] A General Map of the World, or Terraqueous Globe; with All the New Discoveries and Marginal Delineations...), Samuel Dunn, 1794 . This fabulous, large map is one of the most attractive wall maps from the end of the 18th century. The huge double-hemisphere map of the world is surrounded by celestial hemispheres, a chart of the solar system, an inset world map on Mercator's projection, a map of the moon's surface after Father Riccioli, and a fascinating explanation of the Vicissitude of Seasons (with a great graphic of the sun). The large world map shows the tracks and discoveries of major voyages, including those of Captains George Anson, Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Lazier Bouvet, Aleksei Chirikov, and James Cook. The map was first issued in 1772 by Robert Sayer with the title Scientia Terrarum et Coelorum: or, the Heavens and Earth Astronomically and Geographically Delineated and Display'd... and was updated and reissued several times over a 30-year period. There were further issues by Sayer with the same title in 1781 and 1784, and the title was then updated to A General Map of the World, or Terraqueous Globe for the 1787 issue.

This example, issued by Laurie & Whittle in 1794, shows great improvements to the cartography primarily due to Cook's second and third voyages. Alaska and the Pacific Northwest have now begun to take shape with numerous new place names along the coast. The previously noted entrances of Admiral Fonte, Juan de Fuca, and Martin d'Aguilar in the Pacific Northwest are now gone, however this edition includes not just one but two proposed locations for the River of the West. The northern location connects to R. St. Charles and Lake Winnipeg, while the southern location connects to Pikes Lake and Mantons River. There are also updates to the cartography in Canada and the Arctic based on Hearne's explorations in the region. A number of new islands appear in the Pacific, such as Hawaii and New Caledonia. In South America, a small remnant of the mythical L. Parima still appears in Guiana. Australia is now named both New Holland and Terra Australis, with new place names noted along the eastern coast, including Port Jackson, the first European settlement on the Australian mainland and now part of Sydney.

Printed on four sheets, with the upper and lower pairs of sheets joined, as issued. If all four sheets were joined the map would measure 48 x 41". (B+ ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $500! Very Rare, Missionary Map of the World on Cloth

Lot 34.  (Missionary Map of the World Showing the Prevailing Religions of Its Various Nations and the Central Stations of All Protestant Missionary Societies), August R. Ohman, ca. 1906 . This very large, double-hemispheric, thematic map of the world was printed on four joined sheets of linen. It was likely used as a presentation piece that had the benefit of being both large and portable. The map locates the cities where there are protestant missions, and it is color-coded to show various religions. Tonal shading reveals the relative concentrations of each group (Protestants, Greek & Eastern Churches, Jews, Catholics, Muslims, and Heathens). The Heathens are shown throughout much of the world and are by far the largest group at 845 million, compared to 749 million for the religious groups combined. A note above the map at top left encourages the reader to "Go Ye Into All the World and Preach the Gospel to Every Creature." The bottom corners of the sheet show populations by country.

Joseph Hutchins Colton first produced a missionary map in the mid 1840s, but apparently the plates were destroyed. In 1878, G.W. and C.B. Colton produced another version of the map based upon more recent missionary information, and then published another edition in 1892. August R. Ohman & Company took over the Colton firm in 1893 and published this reduced version of the map in 1906. A slightly altered version appeared again in 1916. OCLC locates only two institutional copies of the Ohman version of the map.(B ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $300! Rare Edition with New Zealand, Tasmania and Nova Hollandia

Lot 40.  ([Polus Antarcticus]), Hondius/Jansson, ca. 1666 . This early map of the south pole is considered one of the earliest realistic maps of the Antarctic continent, which is partially delineated in a combination of coastline and strings of islands noted as first discovered by Magellan. The circular map also shows parts of South America, Africa and Madagascar with the incomplete coastline of Australia. When first published in 1637, this was the first printed map to show the discovery of Peter Nuyts land and was the best map of Australia prior to Tasman's discoveries. Other early Dutch explorations in the region are also noted. The map is surrounded by fabulous engravings of natives and early explorers. This is the fourth state, in which the title cartouche has been removed to make room for the new discoveries of New Zealand and Tasmania. This is also the only edition to name Nova Hollandia, and the Islands of Amsterdam and Paulo have also been added. Blank verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageThe Southern Sky Superimposed on a Terrestrial Map of the Americas

Lot 43.  (Haemisphaerium Stellatum Australe, Aequali Sphaerarum Proportione), Andreas Cellarius, ca. 1661 . This is one of the finest celestial charts from the golden age of Dutch cartography. The map presents the constellations of the southern sky superimposed on a terrestrial map of the Americas; thus giving the effect that the stellar system is viewed from space. The terrestrial map shows North America as far as the island of California and Chesapeake Bay. The constellations are presented in classical mythological form and include Ptolemaic constellations as well as those of Tycho Brahe, Plancius and Keyzer. Richly engraved in the baroque style with the title emblazoned across two drapes that are supported by putti and angels. The sphere is supported by Titans with a group of astronomers in the background. This is the second state with plate number 29 engraved at bottom right.

See also lot 769 for John Leighly's rare classic reference on the island of California.(B ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageFascinating Cross-Section of the Earth

Lot 51.  (Systema Ideale quo Exprimitur, Aquarum per Canales Hydragogos Subterraneos ex Mari et in Montium Hydrophylacia Protrusio...), A. Kircher, [1682 ]. The Jesuit scholar Athanasius Kircher was one of the first compilers of semi-scientific knowledge about the physical features of the world. This unusual copper engraving shows a cross-section of the earth's interior with its magma core and underground water sources. The surface of the earth is shown with mountain ranges, erupting volcanoes, and ships sailing in the oceans. Clouds and four wind-heads surround the sphere. A decorative title cartouche held aloft by putti completes the fanciful composition. This is from a Dutch edition of Kircher's masterpiece, Mundus Subterraneus (Subterranean World), an immense and amazing work covering all aspects of anything that dwelled or occurred within the earth's interior - from dragons, to fossils, to mountain springs, earthquakes, and volcanoes.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageRare First Plate of Ortelius' Influential Map of the New World

Lot 54.  (Americae sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio), Abraham Ortelius, [1571 ]. This is one of the most famous maps of America, and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map, and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The most recognizable features of the map are the bulbous Chilean coastline and the exaggerated breadth of the North American continent. North America shows a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego.

This is from the uncommon first plate (second state), published in the Latin edition of 1571. This plate had a relatively short life and was published only between 1570 and 1575.

See also lot 781 for Van den Broecke's indispensable reference work on Ortelius' maps.(B+ ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $7,000.00

goto detail pageHondius' Important Map of the Americas

Lot 55.  (America), Jodocus Hondius, [1623 ]. Jodocus Hondius' map of the Americas is one of the most elaborate examples of fine Dutch cartography. The decorations, including sea monsters, indigenous birds, native canoes and sailing vessels, are taken from De Bry's Grand Voyages. Particularly notable is the scene of natives preparing an intoxicating drink made from manioc roots, which is derived from Hans Staden's harrowing venture into Brazil. The continents are presented on a stereographic projection, which was becoming increasingly popular at the beginning on the 17th century. It presents a more correct western coastline of South America and narrows the breadth of Mexico. However, North America is still too broad and Virginia has an exaggerated coastline. Newfoundland is based on Plancius. The coastlines are fully engraved with place names.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00

goto detail pageBlaeu's Stunning Carte-a-Figures Map of the Americas

Lot 58.  (Americae Nova Tabula), Willem Blaeu, ca. 1642 . This stunning carte-a-figures map is a superb example of the fine art of decorative cartography and a seventeenth-century European view of the New World. The coastal outlines generally follow Ortelius and Wytfliet with nomenclature from a variety of explorers and colonists. Panels at sides, each with five portraits of the native inhabitants, were taken from John White (Virginia), Hans Staden (Brazil) and other early explorer's accounts. Across the top are nine town plans including Havana, St. Domingo, Cartegena, Mexico City, Cusco, Potosi, I. la Mocha in Chile, Rio de Janeiro and Olinda in Brazil. This is one of the few maps of the Americas by this famous Dutch cartographer. The map itself is similar to Blaeu's wall map of 1608 with the additional discoveries of Henry Hudson in North America, and Tierra del Fuego with Le Maire Strait. This is the fourth state of the plate with the imprint changed to Auct: Guiljelmo Blaeuw and some re-engraving of the sea surrounding the ships and sea monsters. Blank verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $6,500.00

goto detail pageAllard's Elaborate Map of the Western Hemisphere

Lot 64.  (Recentissima Novi Orbis, sive Americae Septentrionalis et Meridionalis Tabula), Carel Allard, ca. 1700 . Sumptuous map of the Americas features a dramatically decorative title cartouche showing an Amazonian queen surrounded by riches, a sugar cane field and exotic animals. Inset in the cartouche is a small map of the coast of New Zealand. The cartography of North America includes all five Great Lakes and the island of California on the Foxe model with two indented bays on the northern coastline, and a string of spurious islands off the tip of California. Above California is a huge landmass labeled Terra Esonis that stretches nearly to Japan and Yedso. The Mississippi River is beginning to take shape with the R. Massourite (Missouri) making its appearance. Sanson's R. del Norte has been revised here so that there are two branches, one flowing correctly into the Gulf of Mexico and the other emptying into the sea between the mainland and the island of California (Mare Vermio cum Mare Rubrum). Interestingly the Apaches de Novajo region has moved considerably north where an unnamed river flows westward to the head of the Mare Vermio. In South America the mythical Lake Parime is no longer shown and the major river systems are beginning to take their proper shape. The Portuguese capitanias are delineated along the coast of Brazil. There are several islands shown in the Pacific including a coastline in the vicinity of Australia labeled Quiri Regio. This is the third state of the map according to Burden, with the addition of descriptions of the climates within the border.

See also lot 769 for John Leighly's rare classic reference on the island of California.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Important American Maps of the Latter Part of the Eighteenth Century

Lot 68.  ([On 6 Sheets] A Chart of North and South America, Including the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, with the Nearest Coasts of Europe, Africa, and Asia), Jefferys/Sayer & Bennett, [1775 ]. This important American map was compiled in 1753 by Braddock Meade, one of the most intriguing figures in British cartographic history as well as an extremely gifted mapmaker. Working under the alias John Green after serving time for defrauding an Irish heiress, he compiled many of Thomas Jefferys' most important maps. It was partly designed to expose the errors in Delisle and Buache’s map of the Pacific Northwest. It was the first map to label Behring's Straits and includes a plethora of information on explorers and their discoveries. Of particular interest are the tables of charts that show the variations in latitude and longitude between this chart and those of Bellin, D'Anville, Moll, and Senex. There are numerous notations throughout the map that present a fascinating view of the state of geographic knowledge of the period. Several indignant notes on the Pacific Northwest include, "These parts, as yet wholly unknown are filled up, by Messrs Buache and Delisle with the pretended discoveries of Adm. de Fonte and his Captains in 1640." It also includes numerous notations concerning Russian explorations and presents a bulbous shaped Peninsula of the Tchuktschi whose Extent and Dimensions are unknown…. This final edition includes a number of updates not present in the earlier editions, including the track of Lt. Sindo in 1764-67 and revisions in the Anadirskiai Islands where Alaska appears as a large island labeled Alaschka. Six sheets divided into three joined horizontal pairs.

Jefferys was the leading English cartographer of the 18th century, serving as both Geographer to the Prince of Wales, and later, Geographer to the King, he had access to the best surveys conducted in America. He published a series of maps of the American colonies that were among the most significant produced in the period, including the Fry/Jefferson map of Virginia, Braddock Meade’s map of New England, and William Scull’s map of Pennsylvania and the western frontier. His successors, Sayer and Bennett, gathered these separately-issued maps together and republished them as The American Atlas. "It was, very likely, consulted by American, English, and French civilian administrators and military officers during the Revolution." (Ristow)(B ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $100! Impressive Four-Sheet Map Featuring Two Possible Locations for a River of the West

Lot 69.  ([On 4 Sheets] A New Map of the Whole Continent of America, Divided Into North and South and West Indies. Wherein Are Exactly Described the United States of North America...), Laurie & Whittle, 1794 . An impressive, four-sheet map of North and South America, originally drawn by John Gibson in 1763 with a slightly different title. The map went through several revisions; this being the final state. The huge map is filled with incredible detail and is based on D'Anville's cartography, as well as Spanish explorations on the west coast of North America and the journals of Governor Pownall in New England and Canada. The new United States is shown with its boundary on the Mississippi River. In the west are two possible locations for a River of the West; one with its source at Pike's Lake, the other further north at Lake Winnipeg. A Chinese colony, Fou Sang is shown in present-day British Columbia. At lower left is an inset map of Hudson and Baffin's Bay. Above the inset is a large text panel listing of the states and the colonial possessions of the various European powers. The baroque style title cartouche features a beaver, a crocodile, an Indian headdress amid trees, a waterfall and tropical flora. This example is joined in two long, horizontal sheets, joining the two northern and the two southern sheets. If fully joined, the map would measure 46.5 x 40.7".(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageImportant Map for Great Lakes Collectors

Lot 76.  (Amerique Septentrionale par N. Sanson...), Sanson/Mariette, 1669 . Handsome and important map by Guillaume Sanson, who in partnership with Pierre Mariette, based this map on his father's scarce 1666 wall-map of North America. This depiction replaced Nicolas Sanson's landmark map of 1650 in this atlas. Cartographically it is an amalgam of Sanson's maps of "Le Canada, ou Nouvelle France" and "Le Nouveau Mexique, et La Floride." The Arctic bears the confused cartography typical of this date, with Greenland shown as three islands, and another three island masses in Baffin Bay. The map extends to include Iceland, as well as a bit of Britain. Lake Erie is shown in a recognizable form and the entire Great Lakes network is shown in greater detail, although still with the western lakes open-ended. On the East coast, Long Island is shown near the R. de Nort, or Hudson River, and the shape of the Outer Banks is improved. Delaware is noted as N. Suede, the first such place name on a printed map referring to the Swedish colony located there in 1638. The island of California is now shown with an indented northern coast, in the form originating with Luke Foxe's map of 1635, and popularized by Sanson. Several Indian tribes are identified in New Mexico where the R. del Norte (Rio Grande) mistakenly flows from an interior lake and empties into the Mar Vermeio ou Mer Rouge (Gulf of California). First state of this map.

See also lot 769 for John Leighly's rare classic reference on the island of California.(A ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,250.00

goto detail pageFifth State of Sanson/Jaillot's Map of North America

Lot 80.  (Amerique Septentrionale Divisee en Ses Principales Parties...), Sanson/Jaillot, 1719 . This is the fifth state of a large map of North America demonstrating the changing cartography of the continent at the turn of the eighteenth century. The first four states of the map appeared between 1695-1713, and showed California as an island and a strip of Terre de Jesso shown in the Pacific immediately west of northern California. In the fourth state, the Mississippi River was added, although too far to the west with its mouth in present-day Texas. The two western Great Lakes, which were open-ended in the previous states, were closed in the fourth state. In addition, the route of the Rio del Norte was corrected to flow into the Gulf of Mexico, instead of the Gulf of California. In the fifth state, dated 1719, much of the cartography was updated, and although California now appears more like a peninsula, the question of its insularity remains due to a gap at the head of the Mare Vermejo and a missing northern coastline. The seventh and final state in 1783 clearly showed California as a peninsula, with the northwest coast of the U.S. also delineated.

Other interesting features of this map include a mythical lake in present-day Georgia, and the naming of the northern colonies of Mariland, Pensilvanie, and Nuov. York. The French claim in the southeast is named Caroline. The lion's share of today's United States is divided between Louisiane and Nouveau Mexique. There are scores of place names, forts, and Indian tribes. A lovely title cartouche by C. Simonneau with Native Americans and tropical birds appears at upper left, balanced by the distance scale cartouche on the right. Engraved by Louis Cordier.

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageEuler's Scarce 4-Sheet Map of North America

Lot 83.  (Mappa Geographica Americae Septentrionalis ad Emendatiora Exemplaria...), Leonhard von Euler, ca. 1760 . This is von Euler's scarce four-sheet map of North America. Each sheet has its own title cartouche, and the 4 sheets have been professionally joined. Euler's engraved "cum privilegio" stamp appears on each sheet.

Pars I covers the region from the Mississippi River valley through the American Southwest. It presents a detailed view of French Louisania and the Spanish possessions in New Mexico with a Great Space of Land Unknown and Tecas in between. A notation on a river flowing into Lake of the Woods (The Wood Lake) remarks, "Great River coming from the West discovered lately by the Oshages Savages." A large inset map illustrates Hudson and Baffin Bays with numerous English notations concerning discoveries in the region.

Pars II shows the British and French possessions from Georgia to Newfoundland and Labrador. The Appalachian Mountains weave in an interesting formation through the Mid-Atlantic and South. Numerous Indian tribes are noted throughout, and the fishing banks along the coast of Canada are well depicted.

Pars III covers the region from the Gulf Coast of the U.S. through Mexico to Honduras, and presents a detailed view of the Spanish possessions in New Mexico with the note Country Not Particularly Known in Texas.

Pars IV depicts the Caribbean and Central America with good detail of place names, islands, shoals and reefs. The map extends north to Cumberland Island, Georgia and west to Pensacola, Florida. Florida is quite narrow with southern Florida depicted as a series of large islands. A number of rivers and small lakes fill the peninsula. In contrast, there is little inland detail in South America, where Lake Maracaibo is given an elongated, narrow shape.

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageBowen & Gibson's Large and Influential Map of North America

Lot 84.  ([On 4 Sheets] A New and Correct Map of North America, with the West India Islands. Divided According to the Last Treaty of Peace...), Bowen & Gibson, 1777 . This is the sixth edition of this large, influential map that had a long and varied publishing history. Originally published to illustrate the seat of the French and Indian War, the map went through numerous revisions and editions to document the expanding cartographic knowledge and political landscape of North America. It incorporates several alterations in the Hudson Bay region and shows an early Lake Ouinipigon or Winipick. The map provides an extremely detailed view of the continent at the onset of the American Revolution. It locates hundreds of settlements and Indian villages and is filled with interesting notations referring to native tribes and historical events. A number of roads are shown on the map stretching all the way to New Mexico and New Navaar. There are two interesting inset maps. One shows the discoveries of Father Eusebius Kino in the Southwest that proved that California was not an island. The other illustrates the ongoing search for a Northwest Passage, showing Baffin and Hudson Bays with the fictional Lake de Fonte reaching nearly to Baffin Bay. The text of several articles of the Treaty of 1763 are engraved in the Atlantic Ocean. It is embellished with a bold title cartouche featuring Native Americans and indigenous animals. Printed on four sheets, joined into two horizontal pairs, as issued. Published for Robert Sayer, No. 53 Fleet Street.(A ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $200! Rare Variant of Popple's Key Map

Lot 94.  (Nova Mappa Geographica Americae Septentrionalis in Suas Praecipuas Partes Divisa), Johann Michael Probst, 1782 . This is a variant of the key map of Henry Popple's seminal map of North America, first published in 1733. This edition contains a geographical difference from the British original - Lake Champlain has two branches on the south end instead of one. The thirteen British colonies are clearly delineated, just one year before the formal peace treaty between the United States and Britain. At right is a column of inset maps including Boston, New York, Charlestown, St. Augustine, Bermuda and several others. The Spanish galleons' route from Vera Cruz to Havana is marked. The pictorial cartouche features Native Americans. The French title above the map is "Amerique Septentrionale Suivant la Carte de Pople…" This is the second state with Longitudes a l'Isle de Fer in the border at lower right (instead of de Londres in the first state).

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageOne of the Earliest Maps to Name the United States

Lot 95.  (Carte du Mexique et des Etats Unis d'Amerique, Partie Meridionale. Dressee sur un Grand Nombre de Memoires...), Delisle/Dezauche, 1783 . The title of this map contains a very early recognition of the newly formed United States, as 1783 is the earliest that the name appears on a printed map. This is the last issue of Delisle's map that was first issued in 1703 with the title Carte du Mexique et de la Floride. Delisle's map is regarded as the first map to correctly show the course of the lower Mississippi, to accurately place the Great Lakes, and to locate many English coastal settlements. Its longevity and numerous copies by other mapmakers attest to the importance of this engraving. Dezauche was Buache's son-in-law, and the successor to the Delisle business. In Dezauche's edition the original title on the map was altered to include the words Etats Unis and also a legend with color-coding were added to show the colonial possessions of England, France, Spain and the extent of the United States.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $950.00 - $1,200.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Informative 18th Century Maps of the French Possessions in North America

Lot 103.  (Carte de la Nouvelle France, ou se Voit le Cours des Grandes Rivieres de S. Laurens & de Mississipi Aujour d'hui S. Louis, aux Environs des-quelles se Trouvent les Etats, Pais, Nations, Peuples &c...), Henry Abraham Chatelain, ca. 1719 . Derived from Nicholas de Fer's important four-sheet map of 1718, this is the most informative map of the French possessions in North America in the early 18th century. Louisiana and the Mississippi Valley are based on Delisle's manuscript map of 1701, while the geography of New England and eastern Canada originates with Franquelin. Inset at top left is a large-scale map of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay, based on the voyage of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. Another inset plan and view of Quebec is enclosed in a very decorative cartouche at bottom right. The map is filled with wildlife, scenes of Indians hunting, Indian villages and notations, and the oceans are embellished with numerous ships, canoes and sea monsters. It was issued to promote the recently established Compagnie Francoise Occident, which was formed to fund the debt of Louis XIV and offered inducements to encourage settlement in Louisiana.

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(A ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $3,750.00

goto detail pageMatching Pair Featuring the Extremely Rare "Ration Map"

Lot 121.  ([Lot of 2] Bill Whiffletree's Ration Map of U.S. [and] Bill Whiffletree's Bootleggers' Map of the United States), Edward McCandlish, ca. 1944 . This wonderful, whimsical, and very rare pair of maps was created by Edward McCandlish and issued by the Hagstrom Company in New York in 1944. Although the Bootlegger map was first published 18 years prior and Prohibition had ended 11 years prior, Hagstrom saw value in pairing the well-known Bootlegger map with McCandlish's newest creation, the Ration Map of the United States.

The Ration Map is a satirical view of the strict consumption laws put in place by the United States government in 1942 in order to provide a supply line for U.S. troops and Allied forces in Europe and Asia. As part of the program, coupon books were established for many goods including sugar, meat, cheese, fish and milk. Purchases for these goods could only be made with a corresponding coupon. For some, rationing was a patriotic duty, while others were frustrated by the process as evidenced by this map. A sample of some of the humorous notes include: "Pappy Don't Even Know What He's A-Layin' Fer - A German, A Revenooer, Er A Japanee"; "On Exhibition Today Only The Last Idaho Potato"; and "How About a Light, Pal? Matches is Rationed Over Here." Text below the map adds more color to the situation: "Some people seem to lose their heads completely when they get on the subject of this 'rationing' business. But I always tell them - I say 'keep cool' - 'keep calm' - and 'keep your shirts on' - there's a war on just now..."

The accompanying Bootlegger's Map is equally amusing and filled with illustrations and puns, as nothing is sacred in this hilarious look at alcohol and prohibition. Many place names are plays on words, like Chi-keg-o, Albu-Corky, Fill-More, Booze (Boise), and many more (some so bad they hurt) - The pints of the compass are Norse, Wets, Yeast, and Souse.

These two wonderful pieces of Americana beautifully capture the humor and mood of the country during periods of restrictive government policies. OCLC locates only 2 examples held in institutions, and there are no dealer/auction listings in the last 30 years.(A ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $4,000.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $500! Foundation Map for the Mississippi Valley and the First Appearance of Texas on a Printed Map

Lot 122.  (Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi Dressee sur un Grand Nombre de Memoires Entrautres sur ceux de Mr. le Maire), Guillaume Delisle, 1718 . This enormously influential map of the French possession of Louisiana drew together the cartographic work of the previous half century and had a tremendous impact on the history of cartography. The map was designed for the political purpose of invalidating the English claims west of the Appalachian Mountains and laid claim to Carolina by the French, which provoked an angry English response. Here Charleston is marked “Charles Town nomme pas les Francois Charlefort” (Charles Town named Charlefort by the French).

However, it is the cartography of the Mississippi valley for which the map is notable today. It was the first detailed map of the Gulf region and the Mississippi, and the first to show the explorations of De Soto, Cavelier, Tonty, Moscoso and Denis. Delisle credits F. le Maire, a French missionary, with information used in the map, derived from le Maire’s Memoire published in 1717 and two of his manuscript maps of the Mississippi valley.

This map became the foundation map for the French colony of Louisiana. During an expedition down the Mississippi River, La Salle named the Mississippi Basin La Louisiane after Louis XIV and claimed the area for France in 1682. Delisle depicts the French claims to the Rio Grande as the boundary line between Louisiana and Mexico, a position which was contested between the French, Spanish and British and spawned a “cartographic war.”

The name Texas made its first appearance in print on this map, with the legendary Mission de los Teijas, established in 1716. The notation of Indiens errans et anthrophages along the Gulf Coast warns of cannibals. Just below is present-day Matagorda Bay, here named S Louis ou S Bernard. Adjacent to the bay is Fort Francois, established by la Salle in 1685 on his final exploration. Along the route between Fort Francois and Mission de los Teijas is the location where la Salle was killed by one of his own men in 1687.

French and English forts and settlements are marked throughout the map, as are numerous Indian tribes. An inset of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay fills the lower right corner. This landmark map was copied, in whole and in part, by numerous cartographers during the remainder of the 18th century. This is the important first issue, published in June 1718 before information on the new settlement of New Orleans had reached Paris.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $7,500.00 - $9,000.00

goto detail pageEnormous Wall Map Featuring an Independent Texas

Lot 131.  (Map of the United States of America Including Canada and a Large Portion of Texas...), J. Calvin Smith, 1844 . This enormous wall map measures nearly 7 feet long and over 5 feet wide and was printed on nine sheets. It was lauded at the time as one of the largest and most detailed maps of the United States ever published. The map extends from the Atlantic seaboard west to Fort Pierre (South Dakota) and south to Austin in the independent Republic of Texas. The western frontier consists of a large Indian or Western Territory that covers portions of present-day Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska, as well as a large Iowa Territory that includes present-day western Minnesota and the Dakotas. Wisconsin Territory includes eastern Minnesota. The frontier is dominated by Indian tribes including the Mandans, Pawnees, Shawnees, Osage, Cherokees, and Creek to name a few. A large area in Iowa Territory is labeled "Neutral Ground", which was a 40 mile by 200 mile stretch of land intended to keep the Sauk and Fox tribes from warring with the Sioux and Dakota tribes. The map shows county boundaries, the status of township surveys, as well as proposed/completed railroads, roads and canals. Includes inset maps of Southern Florida and North America, which prominently depicts an Independent Texas in its largest configuration extending into present-day Colorado. The map is surrounded by a decorative border and a series of vignettes featuring important cities including New York, Philadelphia, Washington, and New Orleans. Engraved by Sherman & Smith.

John Calvin Smith published this map in both case and wall map format beginning in 1843, making this the second edition, with further editions running until 1852. The Colton firm would take over the publication of this map, with known editions in 1854 and 1857.(B ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,500.00

goto detail pageImportant Map of Colonial New England and the Mid-Atlantic

Lot 137.  (Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova), Willem Blaeu, ca. 1642 . This important map, first issued in 1635, is one of the first to focus on the Dutch colony in North America and to name Nieu Amsterdam (New York). It is based on the manuscript of Andriaen Block (1614), a Dutch fur trader, who explored the area between Cape Cod and Manhattan and was the first to correctly delineate the longitudinal scale of the coastline and establish Manhattan as an island. The colony of Nieu Pleimonth is identified, as well as other English names along the coast, which were derived from Smith's map of New England in 1616. The map is oriented with north to the right and is richly adorned with a variety of wildlife, including the first appearance of beavers, polecats and otters on a printed map. Quebec is noted with a minute depiction of the fort and buildings, and the mythical kingdom pf Norumbega is noted near the R. Pentagouet (Penobscot River) in present-day Maine. A large Mohawk village is shown derived from the White-de Bry engravings. It is further embellished with a large title cartouche flanked by two natives, sailing ships, canoes, and compass roses. Dutch text on verso, published between 1642-64.

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pageAn Important Revolutionary War Period Map

Lot 139.  (A Map of the Province of New York, with Part of Pensilvania, and New England...), John Montresor, 1775 . This map, issued during the Revolutionary War era, is one of the most detailed maps of the province of New York by a British military engineer. The map was created by actual surveys by John Montresor, who was trained by his father, an engineer in the British royal army. Montresor joined the 48th Regiment and served under General Braddock during the failed campaign against Fort Duquesne in 1756. In 1765 Montresor was commissioned by General Thomas Gage to compile a map of New York City in anticipation of unrest at the close of the French and Indian War. Shortly thereafter, Montresor returned to England with several draft maps of New York and the surrounding areas, and proceeded to work with the firm of John Rocque for engraving and printing. Although his map of New York City (A Plan of the City of New-York & its Environs) was published in 1767, Montresor's map of the province did not appear until 1775. His map of New York and the surrounding provinces was critical at the outbreak of the American Revolution for providing good information on the colonies for strategic and military planning.

The map covers the area from the Connecticut River west to the Hudson River and Mohawk Valley, and from Long Island north to Lake Champlain. The map shows counties, churches, forts, manors, roads and the names of some residents among its amazing details. The southwest sheet gives special attention to the boundary line between New York and New Jersey, which had been under contention since the Duke of York had granted New Jersey to Sir George Carteret and John, Lord Berkeley in 1664. Three different locations for the boundary line are indicated on Montresor's map, labeled as the "division line of 1719," the line "in favor of the Crown of the Province of New York," and the "more reputed jurisdiction line … for upwards of 50 years past." The boundary line was finally settled in 1764 and surveyed by Bernard Ratzer in 1769. Although Montresor was apparently aware of the official boundary line as evidenced by his own journals, he did not add the line to this map. The northwest sheet shows extensive detail of the river systems, lakes and topography in the region, with Lake Champlain depicted in a large inset. Both northern sheets are filled with miniature trees, symbolizing the vast forested areas. Montresor's map was also one of the first to show good detail of present-day Vermont, and included an inset on the northeast sheet showing the continuation of the Connecticut River into northern Vermont, noting the White Hills.

The map is dedicated to Sir Jeffrey Amherst, a general in the British Army and royal governor of Virginia from 1759 until 1768. Engraved by P. Andrews and published by Andrew Dury. This is the third state of four, with Ticonderoga or Fort Carillon located on the west bank. On four sheets, professionally joined.

See also lot 784 for McCorkle's reference work on New England, which catalogs this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $7,000.00 - $9,000.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Important 17th Century Maps of the Chesapeake Bay

Lot 143.  (Nova Virginiae Tabula), Henricus Hondius, ca. 1652 . This graphic map is Henricus Hondius' version of Capt. John Smith's important map of 1612, drawn from his brother's map of 1618. After the death of Jodocus Hondius in 1629, his widow sold a number of plates to Blaeu. Angry at the sale to a competitor, Henricus and Joannes Jansson engaged engravers to cut new plates, which were largely based on Jodocus' work. This is the 5th derivative of Smith's map. It is beautifully engraved with topographical features and the locations of scores of Indian villages. In the upper left corner is an engraving of the great Indian chief Powhatan seated on his throne and surrounded by his subjects. A Susquehanna chief, facing in toward Chesapeake Bay (opposite of Jodocus' plate), is depicted on the right under a coat of arms. French text on verso, published between 1652-58.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00

goto detail pageMap of Chesapeake Bay Based on Landmark Herrman Map

Lot 144.  (A New Map of Virginia Mary-land and the Improved Parts of Pennsylvania & New Jersey...), Browne/Senex, 1719 . This fine map of Chesapeake Bay is a derivative of the landmark map by Augustine Herrman. The map has been re-oriented with north at the top and the western region has been simplified, but the precise mapping of the bay was taken directly from the surveys of Herrman. Delaware is shown to be a part of Pennsylvania, favoring the claims of Lord Baltimore, rather than the Cape Henelopen boundary, which was finally ratified by the British courts when the dispute was settled in the 1730s. New Jersey is divided into East and West Jersey, and the Virginia-Maryland border is shown correctly along the right bank of the Potomac River. The Raritan River system derives from either the cartography of John Ried or Philip Wells. The cartouche is festooned with tobacco, a major product of the region during colonial times.

In 1673 Augustine Herrman received a royal, fourteen-year copyright on his map of Chesapeake Bay. Despite the copyright, the map was plagiarized almost immediately, first in 1676 in Speed's atlas, and many slightly modified and simplified editions followed. One of the most successful of the Herrman derivatives, in terms of longevity and beauty, was this map, first issued by Christopher Browne in about 1692 and then reissued by John Senex in 1719. Senex dedicated his edition to the Earl of Orkney, Lord George Hamilton, who was then the Governor of Virginia.(A ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00

goto detail pageAn Essential Map of Virginia and Maryland

Lot 147.  (Carte de la Virginie et du Maryland Dressee sur la Grande Carte Angloise de Mrs. Josue Fry et Pierre Jefferson), Didier Robert de Vaugondy, ca. 1793 . This handsome map is the French edition of the Fry-Jefferson map - one of the most important 18th century maps of the region. Due to the rarity and high value of the four-sheet English version of the Fry-Jefferson map, the first state of the single-sheet French version is the earliest obtainable map to accurately depict the interior of Virginia beyond the Tidewater, and is an essential map for the Virginia map collection. This is the fifth state with "ordinaire" and the date removed from the title cartouche. The signature of the engraver, Groux, is below the cartouche.

The map details the coastline from Cape May in New Jersey to the Currituck Inlet and inland with finely engraved details of the interior regions of Virginia, the ridges, rivers and valleys of the Appalachians, and the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. The locations of native villages and wagon roads are noted as well. Delaware is labeled as De La War Counties. While the title is in French, most of the information is in English.

Surveyor Peter Jefferson was Thomas Jefferson's father, and Joshua Fry was a commander in the colonial militia during the French and Indian War. They were ideal appointees for the project as they had accumulated a substantial amount of information from their work on the western frontier. Their knowledge, along with reports received from other explorers, produced the most detailed account of the inhabited parts of the colonies.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(A ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $500! Scarce Sea Chart of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays

Lot 152.  (A Chart of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays), Fielding Lucas Jr., 1852 . This large-scale sea chart of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays is one of the most decorative and desirable charts of the area. The chart depicts great detail from the entrances to the bays on the Atlantic Ocean to Washington D.C., Baltimore, and Philadelphia, and extending up the James, York and Rappahannock rivers. Miniature bird's-eye plans of the key cities are shown, adding to the attractiveness of this chart. The waters are filled with soundings, shoals and other navigational hazards. Four profile views of the coast are depicted - Cape Henry, Smiths Point Light House, Windmill Point, and Cape Henlopen - three of which include lighthouses. Lighthouses and Light Boats are marked throughout the chart with notes about the lights at each. Another noteworthy feature is the inclusion of tide tables for both bays. Engraved by John and William Warr and sold by Hagger & Brother, a prominent Baltimore merchant of nautical charts in the mid-nineteenth century. Originally published in 1832, several editions appeared through 1862. This example has corrections through 1852. Printed on two sheets, joined as issued and mounted on new linen with the Hagger & Brother label preserved on verso.

Fielding Lucas, Jr. was a successful cartographer and map publisher in Baltimore. Lucas is best known for his General Atlas of 1823, which is considered one of the finest general atlases produced in the U.S. at the time, due to the high quality paper, superior engraving quality, and attractive coloring style. This chart is the only chart known to be published by Lucas. It is significant for the innovative use of color to distinguish the navigational hazards and lighthouses.(B+ ). Estimate: $6,000.00 - $7,500.00

goto detail pageBlaeu's Decorative Map of the Southeast in Full Original Color

Lot 154.  (Virginiae Partis Australis, et Floridae Partis Orientalis, Interjacentiumq Regionum Nova Descriptio), Willem Blaeu, ca. 1643 . This lovely map of the Southeast extends from the southern part of Chesapeake Bay to northern Florida. Cartographically it improves on the Hondius map of 1606, on which it was derived, with the Chesapeake Bay correctly indicated as a large bay and the Carolinas and Georgian coasts depicted more accurately. The map presents the English and French colonial interests in the region as depicted by their respective royal arms. At the southern end of the Appalachians is a note concerning gold and silver mines. Richly decorated with a large cartouche flanked by Native Americans. The Atlantic Ocean contains two compass roses, three sailing ships and two aquatic putti holding the German scale of miles. This is the second state of the map with French text on verso, published between 1643-50.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageSpeed's Map of the Carolinas Based Upon the Lords Proprietor's Map

Lot 155.  (A New Description of Carolina), John Speed/Francis Lamb, ca. 1676 . This striking map of the Southeast region was based on the landmark Lords Proprietor's Map of 1672 by Ogilby/Moxon. It incorporates information from a number of early accounts including Lederer, Hilton, Sandford, Ashley-Cooper and Culpeper. Oriented with north to the right as indicated by the compass rose, the map covers the region from St. Augustine to Cape Charles and Jamestown with detail focused along several rivers. The fictitious Ashley Lake, Deserta Arenosa and a Savana east of the Apalathean Mountains are of particular interest. It is artistically embellished with graphic mountain ranges, a title cartouche, the arms of Charles II and ships. English text on verso contains an interesting account of John Lederer's important explorations. Speed's atlas was the first world atlas produced wholly in England. It was first published in 1627 without any maps of the American colonies. It was not until the last edition (47 years after Speed's death), by Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell, that the new maps of America, engraved by Francis Lamb, were added.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(A ). Estimate: $3,750.00 - $4,500.00

goto detail pageImportant Map of the Georgia Colony

Lot 156.  (A New Map of Georgia, with Part of Carolina, Florida and Louisiana. Drawn from Original Draughts, Assisted by the Most Approved Maps and Charts), Emanuel Bowen, ca. 1748 . Scarce and important early map of colonial Georgia published shortly after the founding of the colony to accompany a new chapter on the history of Georgia for Harris' Voyages. The map covers from Charles Town to the Mississippi River and extends into Florida to C. Canaveral. The coastal settlements are well delineated, as are the Indian villages and forts (both French and English). The Indian tribes are noted as being friendly or hostile to the English. Major roads and trading paths are well depicted, many not found previously on a printed map. This was an entirely original production by Bowen, geographer to King George II of England and one of the leading English cartographers of the eighteenth century. One of the interesting things about this map is that it was used in a 1981 Supreme Court battle over the location of the boundary between Georgia and South Carolina at the mouth of the Savannah River. This map was presented as evidence of Georgia's claim that the boundary lies on the northern bank of the river.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(A ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $750! Important History of Native Americans in the Southeast with Map

Lot 160.  ([Book with Map] The History of the American Indians; Particularly those Nations Adjoining to the Missisippi, East and West Florida, Georgia, South and North Carolina, and Virginia...), James Adair, [1775 ]. James Adair was a frontiersman and fur trader who spent forty years living and interacting with Native American Indians in the Southeast. He was one of the first white settlers to explore the Alleghenies, and spent much of his time with the Cherokee, Catawba and Chickasaw tribes. His work outlines his first-hand information on their religion, customs, beliefs, ceremonies, and language. Although Adair includes a chapter outlining the similarities between Jews and the Native Americans, arguing that the Natives descended from the Jewish people, the majority of his work is filled with astute and valuable observations on Indians. Howes considers Adair's work the "best 18th century English source on the Southern tribes." The frontispieces to Adair's work is a map engraved by John Lodge, A Map of the American Indian Nations, Adjoining to the Missisippi, West & East Florida, Georgia, S. & N. Carolina, Virginia, &c., depicting the southern United States extending north to Lake Michigan and Lake Erie, and west just past the Mississippi River. The map shows the locations of numerous Indian tribes, both common ones such as the Creek and Cherokee, as well as lesser known tribes, such as Ishtahoe and Kow-he-tah. The states are named with the boundaries of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia extending west to the Mississippi River. Also of note are several early forts that are identified, including Fort Moore, Fort Conde, Fort Tumbikbe and Fort Toulouse.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.( ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00

goto detail pageA Counterfeit Account of the Lewis & Clark Expedition

Lot 174.  (The Travels of Capts. Lewis & Clarke, from St. Louis, by Way of the Missouri and Columbia Rivers, to the Pacific Ocean...), Longman Co., [1809 ]. This is the London edition of "The Apocrypha" - an 1809 unauthorized volume of the Lewis & Clark expedition to the Pacific Ocean. This spurious account was published due to strong public interest in the Far West combined with the fact that the authorized version had not yet been released (published in 1814). Given the limited information on the actual journey (only Patrick Gass, Sergeant of the Corps of Discovery, had published his account in 1807), the author was reliant on other information to patch together a report including Jefferson's Message of 1806, William Clark's letter from St. Louis, as well as plagiarized portions of Jonathan Carver's Travels and Alexander Mackenzie's Voyages. Included with the 309 pages of text is a frontispiece map entitled Map of the Country Inhabited by the Western Tribes of Indians (7.8 x 9.7"). According to Wheat, this map copies much of Matthew Carey's Louisiana first published in 1805. Wheat further notes that there are worthy additions on the Upper Missouri River reflecting Lewis & Clark's journey including the terms "Jefferson R.," "Madison R.," and "Gallatin R." Also notable is the appearance of Fort Clatsop at the mouth of the Columbia River. Published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme at Paternoster Row in London. Octavo, hardbound in full maroon leather with gilt title and raised bands on spine. All edges gilt.

See also lot 763 for reference books related to Lewis & Clark.(B+ ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $5,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Seven-Part Oregon Trail Map

Lot 177.  ([Lot of 7] Topographical Map of the Road from Missouri to Oregon Commencing at the Mouth of the Kansas in the Missouri River, and Ending at the Mouth of the Wallah Wallah in the Columbia. In VII Sections...), Fremont/Preuss, 1846 . This historic set of maps was compiled by Charles Preuss during Fremont's controversial Third Expedition. Preuss created this rare seven-part map from Fremont's map of 1845 with additional topography not included on the parent map. He used Fremont's sketches and notes as well as his own expedition notes. Wheat calls this set of maps a rarity that is important in the "evolution of the transcontinental wagon roads" and deserves "close study." Wheat devotes four pages to describe the maps and illustrates all seven in his monumental work. Each map is approximately the size given. Together the seven cover the region "commencing at the Mouth of the Kansas in the Missouri River, and Ending at the Mouth of the Wallah Wallah in the Columbia" - thus the Oregon Trail Route. Each sheet contains fascinating comments from Fremont's narrative, and notes regarding water, grass, fuel, game and Indians; invaluable information for emigrants at the time.

The map was originally published as a public document by order of the Senate in 1846, here reissued for the House of Representatives in 1849. The original Senate version includes the attribution to E. Weber & Co. directly below the title, while the 1849 edition has this removed. Also unique to this 1849 set is the fact that sheet III and sheet IV were accidentally reversed, so chronologically the sheet order should be 1,2, 6, 4, 5, 3, 7 (the images are ordered to show this correct progression).

See also lot 766 for the Streeter Collection, which references this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,250.00 - $4,000.00

goto detail pageExtremely Rare Austrian Version of the Thackara & Vallance DC Map

Lot 212.  (Plan der Stadt Washington in America), Christian Juncker, 1796 . This rare map of Washington, DC is based on the small Thackara & Vallance plan produced in March 1792 for The Universal Asylum And Columbian Magazine, which is considered the first printed plan of Washington. This Austrian version of the map was published 4 years later, and includes a lettered key identifying key buildings and roads, such as the Capitol, the "President's Palace," and Connecticut Avenue. The map itself shows a few major buildings including the Capitol and the Presidents House, while others are simply outlined. The proposed landscape design for the Mall is shown with considerably more detail. Engraved by Christian Juncker. Published in the Graetzer Zeitung, an Austrian weekly newspaper that was published in Graz from 1787 to 1866.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageRare Scottish Plan of Washington, DC

Lot 213.  (Plan of the City of Washington [bound in] Encyclopaedia Perthensis; or Universal Dictionary of the Arts, Sciences, Literature, &c. ... Volume I), Thomas Clerk, [1816 ]. This is a rare Scottish plan of Washington, DC. The plan bears some resemblance to the size and configuration of the small plans by Thackara & Vallance, Hill, and Tiebout, all of which were printed in 1792. However this plan is not a copy of any of these other plans, making it a unique addition to any collector of plans of the capital. Cartographically, the plan shows the layout of streets including the long diagonals, but no block numbering. Washington is bordered by the Potomak (Potomac) River and the Eastern Branch, now the Anacostia River. The proposed landscape design for the Mall is shown with only the Capitol and the Presidents House labeled. This version does not include soundings in the Potomac River, and there is no block detail in Georgetown. Decorated by a simple block-style cartouche. This map was prepared by Thomas Clerk, an engraver and lithographer in Edinburgh, who is best known for engraving John Thomson's New General Atlas in 1814. At upper right is the plate number (Plate III) and at bottom center is Clerk's imprint (T. Clerk Sculp.t Edin.r). This map is extremely rare, with only a couple of dealer listings in the last 30 years. The rarity is reinforced by the map's absence from Phillips' Maps and Views of Washington and District of Columbia. The map is bound in volume I of the second edition of Encyclopaedia Perthensis, which was published in Edinburgh. The plan of Washington, DC first appeared in Volume 1 of the second issue of the first edition of Encyclopaedia Perthensis; or Universal Dictionary, which was published circa 1805 in Perth.

Volume I of Encyclopaedia Perthensis covers the beginning of the alphabet from A to Anatomy. Included are four maps (Washington, DC, North America, South America, and Africa), a frontispiece depicting Minerva, and four plates depicting various items beginning with the letter "A," such as abacus, aerostation, air-gun, Noah's ark, amphitheater, and anchor. The Encyclopaedia Perthensis was published in 23 volumes that included 370 plates and maps, and was intended to "supersede the use of other books of reference." Printed by John Brown.

Octavo, 7 pp., 20 pp. Hardbound in quarter leather with tips over marbled paper boards; raised bands, gilt tooling, and black leather title labels on spine. (B ). Estimate: $800.00 - $950.00

goto detail pageImpressive Blueback Chart of the Florida Keys and Dry Tortugas

Lot 223.  (The Bahama Banks and Gulf of Florida), Edmund Blunt, 1848 . This impressive, two-sheet "blueback" chart covers much of Florida including the Keys and Dry Tortugas, the northern coast of Cuba, and part of the Bahamas. It was first issued in Blunt's 1827 maritime atlas and has been updated and significantly improved based upon the survey work of Colonel Abert (Topographical Engineers) and Commander Powel (Navy). The nautical information includes scores of soundings, hazards, currents, sea floor types, lighthouses, notes and exceptional coastal detail. Features an inset Chart of Key West by George Gauld, 12 coastal approach views, and 5 compass roses to aid in navigation. Backed with stiff blue paper.(B ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Pocket Map of New Orleans in Excellent Condition

Lot 244.  (The World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition... Plan No. 2 Map of the City of New Orleans Showing Location of Exposition Grounds and All Approaches Thereto by Land & Water), Southern Litho Co., ca. 1884 . This scarce, detailed map shows the entire city of New Orleans from Lake Ponchartrain to the Mississippi, naming individual streets, buildings, parks, fairgrounds, railroads, docks, and a few property owners along the Mississippi. The Cotton Centennial was held in New Orleans in the winter of 1884 to celebrate 100 years since the first export of cotton from the region in 1784. It was filled with exhibits from states, territories and many countries. The map is decorated with numerous insets and views including: Perspective View of the Buildings and Grounds, Mexican National Headquarters, Grand Rapids (Mich.) Furniture Pavilion, United States and State Exhibits, The Main Building, Agricultural Hall, Art Gallery, Factories and Mills, The Grounds Plans, Plan of New Orleans in 1770, View of New Orleans in 1719, and an untitled bird's-eye view of the South Pass. Lithograph by Southern Litho Co. 38 Natchez St., N.O. The map is accompanied by the original cloth boards with embossing and gilt titling on the front cover, although the map is no longer attached. A scarce issue.(A ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageEarly, Large-Scale Map of Long Island

Lot 268.  (Map of Long Island with the Environs of New-York), J. Calvin Smith, 1836 . This large-scale map covers all of Long Island from Montauk west to Brooklyn and extends to include portions of New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut. Based upon the most recent surveys, the detailed map shows completed and projected railroads, roads, canals, mills, factories and churches. Topography is also depicted via hachure. The Long Island Railroad, originally chartered in 1834, extends from Brooklyn to about 10 miles past Hicksville and abruptly stops (less than half the distance of Long Island). Below the main map are insets of New Haven, New Brighton, Newark and Brooklyn. A view of New Brighton further embellishes the map. Drawn on a scale of 2.5 miles per inch. Engraved by S. Stiles & Company and published by J.H. Colton in New York.

This map provided the topographical basis for Mather's Geographical Map of Long Island & Staten Islands with the Environs of New York published in 1842.(B ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Map Featuring the Proposed State of Sequoyah with Official Report

Lot 274.  (State of Sequoyah [with report] Proposed State of Sequoyah), U.S. Government, [1906 ]. In 1905 the Five Indian Nations, concerned how statehood for Oklahoma might affect them, held a constitutional convention with the view to forming their own state. A constitution was formalized and submitted to Congress and included in the 87-page "Proposed State of Sequoyah" presented here. The report lays out a comprehensive argument for statehood, while its citizens were "praying for admission into the Union upon an equal footing with the original states." The scarce and desirable map included with this report partitions the Indian nations into 48 counties. In 1907 Oklahoma did indeed gain statehood and, as the Indians feared, absorbed Indian Territory in the process. At that time, Oklahoma retained the names of 20 of the 48 counties from the State of Sequoyah. A large depiction of the "Great Seal of the State of Sequoyah" is below the title. Drawn by D.W. Bolich and printed by the Aug. Gast Bank Note & Litho Company.

According to Howes, there are three publications related to the state of Sequoyah and its constitution. The first was the 68-page constitution published in Muskogee, OK in 1905, the second was an unofficial 50-page version of the constitution without the map published in Guthrie, OK, and the last is the official 87-page version presented here. The Streeter reference is for the first edition.

The full report also includes several other documents including (among others): Doc #140 - "Departure from published rates by Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Ry."; Doc #141 - "Development of American merchant marine and commerce"; and Doc #156 - "Proposals for contracts for construction of railway lines in Philippines" which includes the large folding "Map of the Philippines" (24.5 x 45"). Rebound in faux leather over marbled boards.

See also lot 766 for the Streeter Collection, which references this lot. (A ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pageRare, Early Geological Map of Tennessee

Lot 282.  (Geological Map of the State of Tennessee...[bound in] A Geological Reconnoissance of the State of Tennessee), Jason Safford, [1856 ]. This impressive map was prepared by Jason Safford, State Geologist. It is the second, much improved geological map of Tennessee after Troost’s smaller sketch map published in 1840. This map should not to be confused with Safford’s more commonly seen 1869 edition. Cartographically, the state is color-coded to show 14 different geologic types including Mississippi bottoms, coal, limestone, slate, and more. An inset at top right also depicts the copper veins and mines in the far southeastern portion of the state bordering Georgia and North Carolina. A legend at lower right further identifies furnaces, rolling mills, forges, and more. At bottom is a geological section spanning the state.

The map is still bound into the 164 page A Geological Reconnoissance of the State of Tennessee. First edition. Printed by G.C. Torbett & Co. in Nashville. Octavo, hardbound in brown blind-stamped cloth with gilt title on front cover.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,000.00 - $1,300.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $250! Stunning View of the Rocky Mountains and Native Indians by Albert Bierstadt

Lot 302.  (The Rocky Mountains), Albert Bierstadt, 1866 . This stunning view of the Rocky Mountains is based on an oil painting by Albert Bierstadt. Born in Germany in 1830, Bierstadt emigrated to the United States when he was a toddler, but returned to Germany for several years to study painting. Drawn to sweeping landscapes, he joined the Honey Road Survey Party in 1859, led by land surveyor Frederick W. Lander. The Honey Road Survey Party was tasked with establishing the location for a new wagon road out west, exposing Bierstadt to breathtaking views of the Rocky Mountains. This view centers on Lander's Peak, which Bierstadt named after Lander after his death in the Civil War in 1862. Bierstadt finished his painting in 1863 and exhibited it at the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City. The painting was an immediate success and sold to a private collector for $25,000 (which equates to over $350,000 today) in 1865. The painting is now housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

Bierstadt commissioned an engraving of his painting, which was created by James D. Smillie and took three years to complete. In the foreground is an encampment of Shoshone Natives, some tending to their horses while others examine the yield from a recent hunt, including goats, ducks, and a bear. Although the view is a composite of several different scenes that Bierstadt witnessed, it captures the majestic beauty of nature combined with iconic images of Native Indians - a historic representation of the American West.(A ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,250.00

goto detail pageImportant Contemporary Account of the Texas Revolution

Lot 316.  (History of South America and Mexico; Comprising Their Discovery, Geography, Politics, Commerce and Revolutions ... A Geographical and Historical View of Texas, with a Detailed Account of the Texian Revolution and War...), Pease/Niles, [1844 ]. This work includes an important history on the Republic of Texas by Lorraine Thompson Pease and a history of South America and Mexico by John Milton Niles. Included in the work are two maps engraved by T. Twitchel, engraved portraits of Generals Santa Anna and Houston, and an engraved frontispiece of the "Battle of Jacinto." The first map, A Map of Mexico and the Republic of Texas (16.3 x 12.7"), is dated 1838 and features a young Republic of Texas. Settlements are confined to the eastern coast and include Houston, San Antonio, Galveston and Nacogdoches to name a few. The states of Mexico are delineated and the map extends to show a portion of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. The second map, Map of South America (14.8 x 19.4"), is also dated 1838. This map is divided by country and shows the extensive river system throughout the continent. There are several spurious mountain ranges and a number of cities are identified.

The Geographical and Historical View of Texas by Pease includes reprints of several important documents and accounts, including the Declaration of Independence, the Constitusion, Burleson's report on the 1835 Siege of Bexar, William Barret Travis' letter of February 24, 1836, and Benjamin H. Holland's report on the Fannin Massacre. Pease was the father of Elisha M. Pease, who was a prominent participant in Texas affairs at the time. Streeter notes that "the value of this contemporary account of the Texas Revolution, compiled by the father of one of the participants, buried as it were in a rather bulky volume on South America, has been overlooked."

This work was first published in 1837, with subsequent editions in 1838, 1839, 1843, and 1844. Two volumes bound in one: 369 pp., frontispiece, 2 portraits, 1 map; 230 pp, 1 map. Octavo, hardbound in full contemporary leather with embossing on covers and gilt titling and tooling on spine.(B+ ). Estimate: $900.00 - $1,200.00

goto detail pageVery Rare Broadside of Vernon's Capture of Portobelo, Panama

Lot 328.  (The Harbour, Town, & Forts of Porto-Bello in ye West Indies; Taken by Admiral Vernon, 1739), Henry Overton, ca. 1740 . This fascinating broadside depicts the Battle of Porto Bello (or Portobelo), a conflict between Britain and Spain during the War of Jenkins' Ear, part of the War of the Austrian Succession. Portobelo was a strategic Spanish transfer point for gold and silver coming from South America. After taking part in a failed attempt to capture a fully laden Spanish treasure ship departing from Portobelo in 1727, Vice Admiral Edward Vernon made claims that he could capture the historic port with just six ships. In November 1739, Vernon organized a squadron of six ships to capture the settlement. Due to strong easterly winds, Vernon was initially forced to focus his efforts on the harbor fort (here labeled The Iron Castle). The British caught the Spanish off guard and quickly gained control, forcing the Spanish to surrender the fort. Subsequently, Vernon shifted his efforts to the town of Portobelo, resulting in Spanish surrender of the port. The capture of Portobelo was seen as a big triumph in Britain and America, and the names Portobelo and Vernon were used in commemoration (including Portobelo Road in London, the Portobelo district of Edinburgh, and Mount Vernon in Virginia, the home of George Washington). The British occupied Portobelo for only three weeks, destroying the fortress and key buildings before withdrawing.

This view, published in the Daily Post on April 12, 1740, depicts the storming of Iron Castle Fort located at the entrance to the bay. The British galleons can be seen firing on the fort while British soldiers row small boats to shore and ascend the rocky cliffs. The sixth ship, Princess Louisa, appears at bottom right, just outside of the bay. The town of Portobelo erroneously appears at top center, with Spanish ships guarding the city, instead of to the right, adjacent to the fortified Gloria Castle. Fort Jeronimo is also mislocated, appearing in the center of the bay extending from a jetty from the left, rather than from the right. A lettered key identifies the ships and key locations. The view is based on a sketch drawn by William Richardson, whose first-hand account of the battle and its aftermath is included below the view. The publisher's imprint appears at bottom right: Printed, and Sold by Henry Overton, at the White Horse, without Newgate.

This engraving is very rare, with no dealer or auction listings in the last 40 years, and only one known example recorded in an institution (at the Institute of Jamaica per Kit Kapp). Full sheet with text measures 15.0 x 20.7".(B ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $2,000.00

goto detail pageScarce Sea Chart with Interesting Depiction of the Coastline of the US

Lot 330.  (Pascaerte van Westindien de Vaste Kusten en de Eylanden), Pieter Goos, [1666 ]. Goos' scarce map of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean was based on Hessel Gerritsz' map of the region published circa 1631, which influenced numerous derivatives. Goos included updates from other derivatives, including the cartography of the Gulf of Mexico as depicted by Joannes van Loon, circa 1661, and the mildly sloped coastline of the Southeast U.S. as depicted by Hendrick Doncker, circa 1659. However Goos' map was the first derivative to include Gerritsz' inset of the northern coast of Cuba, which fills the bottom left corner. Goos also made some improvements, such as the depiction of the Outer Banks. The map is adorned with two compass roses and the title appears on a cow hide held aloft by two cherubs.(B ). Estimate: $1,500.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $175! Important Map for the Texas Collector

Lot 337.  (Carte des Cotes du Golfe du Mexique Compris Entre la Pointe Sud de la Presqu' Ile de la Floride...), Depot de la Marine, 1800 . This is one of the earliest charts to name the bays of Galveston and Bernardo (now Matagorda) in Texas. This first French edition was published just one year after the map on which it was based and is nearly identical: Carta Esferica que Comprehende las Costas del Seno Mexicano by Depósito Hidrográfico de Marina of Spain, which was the prototype for maps of the Gulf for many years. Carta Esferica was the first chart of the Texas coast based on actual soundings and exploration, and outlined the coastline and the lower course of its rivers. The exploration was conducted by Jose Antonio de Evia in 1785-86, who named Galveston Bay after his patron, Bernardo de Galvez, the interim governor of Spanish Louisiana.

The chart extends from Florida to the Yucatan peninsula, and includes parts of Cuba and the Bahamas. A note at bottom left explains that the soundings are given in French fathoms, and includes a lettered guide to the composition of the Gulf floor as indicated on the map. Engraved by E. Collin with lettering by Besancon. The seal of the Depot de la Marine is at bottom left and Prix Deux Francs appears below neatline at right.(B+ ). Estimate: $950.00 - $1,200.00

goto detail pageRare Plan of Havana Surrounded by Vignettes

Lot 344.  (Plano Pintoresco de la Habana con los Numeros de las Casas), Bernardo May, 1853 . This rare plan of Havana is framed by a pictorial border of fourteen tinted lithographic vignettes that reflect the wealth of mid-nineteenth century Cuba. The highly detailed plan (13.2 x 10.2") names all sections of town, streets, rails, and many important buildings. As the title suggests house numbers are indicated on the plan. The Castilio de la Punta, Campo de Marte, the Arsenal, Hospital Milar, the Paseo del Ysabel 2a. and the Calle del Prado, and much more are located. The text at upper left discusses the number of houses in the city. A small inset at lower right shows the vicinity of Havana. The surrounding vignettes include some of the most important early views produced by its first lithographer, Pierre Toussaint Frederic Mialhe. They include views and important buildings of Havana. The "Fuente de la India en el Paseo de Isabel 2a." is a stunning view of the wide palm-tree lined avenues with scores of people, military officers, a horse-drawn carriage with two ladies. Along the bottom, a stunning view of the harbor has many beautifully rendered three and four-masted sailing ships with the city in the background. Also includes elevation views of the hospital, theater, bank, cathedral, the gas plant, palace, castle and more.

The illustrations surrounding this map involved a scandalous case of copyright piracy. May, a Havana merchant, sent Mialhe's original views to Germany to be reproduced. These were then returned to Cuba and sold in competition with Mialhe's originals at less than half the price. Mialhe sued May for copyright violation under the newly enacted copyright laws. May denied plagiarism, maintaining that "... after all, ladies in carriages, street sellers, churches, monuments, and landscapes were all there in full view to any artist who cared to paint them." Despite this outrageous argument, the case was settled in May's favor due to a technicality. The map itself was also pirated from a different source - a 1848 map by José M. de la Torre.(A ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $150! Superb Early Chart of the Venezuelan Coastline Including the ABC Islands

Lot 368.  (Pas-kaart vande Zee Kusten van Venecuela met de Byleggende Eylanden), Keulen/Vooght, ca. 1700 . A superb sea chart covering the Venezuelan coastline and the Netherlands Antilles of Curacao, Bonaire and Aruba. Insets provide detailed information on Curacao and the Dutch fortress and salt works on Isla La Tortuga. The chart is oriented with north at the bottom by two compass roses and includes a large title cartouche featuring Neptune, the lord of the sea, with his entourage. The Van Keulen firm dominated Dutch sea chart publication for much of its existence between 1680 and 1885.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,100.00 - $1,400.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $200! Rare Spanish Bird's-Eye View of Salvador de Bahia

Lot 375.  (La Ciudadde S. Salvador Capital del Brasil), Anonymous, ca. 1770 . Salvador, formerly the capital of Brazil, was a strategic port under Portuguese control. This fine copper engraving shows the walled city of Salvador with ships and boats filling the harbor in the foreground. A lettered key at bottom identifies numerous locations. This anonymous Spanish view is a larger copy of Arnoldus Montanus' view of the city, published in 1671.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $100! Speed's Foundation Map of Bermuda

Lot 383.  (Mappa Aestivarum Insularum Alias Bermudas Dictarum... / A Mapp of the Sommer Ilands Once Called the Bermudas...), John Speed, 1626 . This handsome map was compiled in 1622 by Richard Norwood. It is the first English printed map published in an atlas to show Bermuda divided into Tribes and Shares. These divisions designated the properties given to the 'Adventurers,' led by Sir George Sommers, who were shipwrecked there in 1609. Speed's map became the standard map of the 17th century and was copied by Blaeu, Jansson, Ogilby and others. The title is in both English and Latin. The map was beautifully engraved by Abraham Goos in Amsterdam for Speed's Prospect, and his imprint appears below the scale of miles. The imprint of George Humble is at left. The map is embellished with sailing ships, a compass rose, four cartouches, and two coats of arms. English text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00

goto detail pageBlaeu's Carte-a-Figures Map of Europe

Lot 388.  (Europa Recens Descripta), Willem Blaeu, ca. 1643 . This classic map of Europe is presented in the carte-de-figures style with vignettes on three sides. The upper frieze has nine bird's-eye views of Amsterdam, Prague, Constantinople, Venice, Rome, Paris, London, Toledo and Lisbon. The side borders contain the costumes of the noblemen and women of ten European nations. The map is embellished with sailing ships, sea monsters, bears and Neptune riding a dolphin and holding his trident. A beautiful map produced at the height of the Golden Age of Dutch mapmaking; it was included in the first volume of Blaeu's magnificent atlas. French text on verso, published between 1643-50.(B ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pageCoronelli's Decorative Two-Sheet Map of Europe

Lot 389.  (Parte Occidentale dell' Europa / Parte Orientale dell' Europa), Vicenzo Maria Coronelli, ca. 1691 . A very large and robust engraving on two sheets, each approximately 23.5 x 19", here joined. Covers all of Europe to the Caspian Sea and the Urals in the north, and extends to show part of Greenland, labeled America Setten. Frisland is shown with only a dotted outline, with an adjacent note explaining that the island was discovered by Nicolo Zeno, but that no mariners have ever found it again, and some believe that it now lies below the sea. The map is adorned with very decorative and large title cartouches, as well as a vignette north of Scandinavia that shows fishermen in rowboats harpooning a horned sea monster. A very stunning example of the mapmaker's art.(A ). Estimate: $2,300.00 - $2,750.00

goto detail pageSatirical Map at the Outset of the Franco-Prussian War

Lot 393.  (Nieuwe Kaart van Europa 1870), Emrik & Binger, 1870 . This rare satirical map was originally created by Paul Hadol, a French illustrator and caricaturist, at the outset of the Franco-Prussian War. This popular map was republished in several different languages and distributed throughout Europe. This example was published in Denmark by Emil Olsens Lithography. Various countries and regions are represented by human and animal caricatures with props to help illustrate the situation. Danish text below the map describes each country's "character."

At the center of the conflict are France and Prussia, with France depicted as an old man using his sword to thwart the advances of Prussia. Prussia appears as a stocky Otto von Bismarck with his hat pulled over his eyes and kneeling on Austria, a sleeping soldier, while his right hand completely covers Holland. England is shown as an enraged old woman walking her dog (Ireland) and turning her back on Europe. The Balkans are represented by a man who is yawning and just beginning to awake. A Spanish senorita naps on a kneeling Portugal, while Turkey, in the guise of a harem girl smokes a hookah. The figure of Garibaldi represents Italy, his head and shoulders protected from Prussian encroachment by the shelter of a Swiss roof. Norway and Sweden take the form of a sheep. Russia is depicted as the bogey-man, trying to fill up his basket (with shadowy bear-like figures behind him).

Although the human personification of continents and countries can be seen as early as the 14th century (on maps by Opicinus de Canestris), human and animal metaphors on maps reached a new level in Europe between 1845 and 1945 with political cartoon maps. The rise of these satirical maps reflected the momentous political and cultural changes that occurred during the time. Political leaders were caricaturized and European nations were given symbolic identities that lent humor and accessibility to the geographical map. Based on popular stereotypes, these visual representations even found their way into the classroom to help bring geography and politics to life. Original serio-comic maps are very scarce due to their ephemeral nature.(B+ ). Estimate: $900.00 - $1,100.00

goto detail pageRare Satirical Map of Europe at Start of World War I

Lot 394.  (Humoristische Karte von Europa im Jahre 1914), Leutert & Schneiderwind, 1914 . This rare political caricature map of Europe depicts the continent at the outbreak of World War I. The map was created by Karl Lehmann-Dumont in Dresden, and depicts the Germans' view of the alliance situation and territorial issues towards the end of the first year of the war. The key countries involved in the war are represented by human caricatures with various props that help illustrate the situation. German text below the map describes each country's "character." Published by Leutert & Schneidewind.

Each country is depicted in a fascinating and humorous manner. Germany is described as a Deutsche Michel (an ordinary or average German), stretching and extending himself with all his might, already grasping the Frenchman by his throat and punching the Russian bear. Germany's Imperial Eagle unleashes bees from their hive to attack its enemies, which appear on the map as both bees and missiles. France, already covered in bees, appears to retreat, and calls to England for help. Meanwhile, the French rooster crows about its victories in the battles from 1870-71 (Franco-Prussian War). The giant Russian bears an "Angel of Peace" symbol on his cap, with a bottle of Vodka in one hand and a whip of "revolution" in the other hand. The Russian opens his mouth wide in an attempt to swallow Germany and Austria whole, but is deterred by the German bees. England, who has caused Egypt to declare war, stands on bags of money while being punched in the face by an iron fist. The English bulldog finds it difficult to breathe with an Indian snake wrapped around its neck. The Englishman has also dragged Japan into the war, and holds a string that is attached to Japan, depicted in an inset at left. Numerous other intricate relationships and symbolic references fill the map.

Although the human personification of continents and countries can be seen as early as the 14th century (on maps by Opicinus de Canestris), human and animal metaphors on maps reached a new level in Europe between 1845 and 1945 with political cartoon maps. The rise of these satirical maps reflected the momentous political and cultural changes that occurred during the time. Political leaders were caricaturized and European nations were given symbolic identities that lent humor and accessibility to the geographical map. Based on popular stereotypes, these visual representations even found their way into the classroom to help bring geography and politics to life. Original serio-comic maps are very scarce due to their ephemeral nature.(A ). Estimate: $1,900.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pageUncommon Early Map of Scandinavia

Lot 432.  (Norbegia & Gottia), Ptolemy/Fries, [1541 ]. This early woodblock map of Scandinavia is a reduced-sized version of Martin Waldseemuller's map of 1513, which in turn was based on Nicolaus Germanus' map of 1482. Although the region is beginning to take shape, the depiction is more conjectural the further north it goes. Greenland appears to the north, connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. In true Ptolemaic fashion, Scotland is shown leaning east into the North Sea. The text to the right of the map explains the remarkable lengthening of daylight hours as one travels further north, which was more pronounced in Scandinavia than in other regions of Europe.

Although Fries' map is a close copy of Waldseemuller's, there are a few notable differences. Due to its reduced size, the map no longer extends west to include Ireland or the Hebrides archipelago. In addition, armorial shields for the Scandinavian kingdoms have been added. Prussia is also now named at bottom right. This edition was printed by Gaspar Treschel and edited by Michael Villanovus (known as Servetus). Servetus was charged with heresy by John Calvin in 1553, in part due to the text in this atlas. The courts found him guilty and sentenced him to burning at the stake, atop a pyre of his own books, including this atlas.(A ). Estimate: $2,300.00 - $2,750.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $350! Rare, Decorative Plan of Amsterdam

Lot 455.  (Amstelodamum, Celebre Emporium Forma Plana), Anonymous, ca. 1660 . This rare, decorative bird's-eye plan of Amsterdam depicts the city during its Golden Age as one of the leading trading empires of Europe. The plan shows the city center with both the old city walls and the proposed new fortifications prominently depicted at left. This new area is filled with rough sketches of buildings and street blocks to provide the viewer with a general sense of how the land would be developed. The plan is decorated by illustrations in the top corners of the sheet, including City Hall, and a detailed key at both left and right further highlights notable locations within the city. The sheet is further embellished by a vignette at bottom featuring numerous sailing ships and docks in the busy port. This plan was likely produced by the Visscher family. Blank verso. There are no dealer listings or auction records for this version of the map in the last 30 years.(B ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,200.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $100! Rare Bird's-Eye Plan of Amsterdam

Lot 456.  (Plan de la Grande & Fameuse Ville Marchande d'Amsterdam... / Plan van de Wyd Vermaarde en Beroemde Koop Stad Amsterdam...), Covens & Mortier, ca. 1730 . This rare, two-sheet bird's-eye plan of Amsterdam views the city from the northeast, across the IJ. The map is based on the city plan compiled in 1662 by architect Daniel Stalpaert and published by Nicolas Visscher, which recorded the addition of the Ring Canals to the city that had begun in 1613. The plan shows the streets, canals, locks, city blocks, and a number of important landmarks in great detail. The streets are numbered and keyed to columns flanking the map, listing an impressive 299 streets. The city is divided into 14 districts, which are numbered with gilt highlights. Dozens of galleons fill the waterfront, demonstrating the importance of Dutch trade at the time, and numerous windmills surround the city. The decorative title cartouche features putti, garlands of fruit, and the coat of arms of Amsterdam. Printed on two sheets, joined as issued.(B ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pageAttractive Plates of Southern Greece

Lot 565.  (Description Geographique, et Historique de la Moree, Reconquise par les Venitiens. du Royaume de Negrepont...), Vicenzo Maria Coronelli, [1687 ]. This fascinating volume is focused on southern Greece and depicts many of the locations involved in the Morean War, which was part of the wider conflict in the Great Turkish War between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Contents include 24 large folding maps, plans, and views (approximately 17 x 11") and 20 sheets containing 37 additional engravings, mostly two to a page. The list of folding plates includes:

Patrasso olim Neopatria
Naurino Citta F Fortezza Della Morea
Citta, e Fortezza di Coron...
Citta, e Fort di Coron Assediata, e Presa Dalla Sereniss Repub...
[Untitled Battle View]
Piazza Di Calamata
La Battaglia Sotto Calamata
Fort Di Chielafa
Napoli di Romania
Veduta Della Fortezza Vecchia Di Corfu Verso Ostro
Della Preuesa, e Santa Fortezze Maura
Santa Maura
Fort Di S. Maura
Fortezza Della Preuesa
Disegno Topografico De Luoghi Dell Acarnania....
Le Gomenizze
Le Gomenizze Vedute Dalla Parte di Sirocco
Chnin Fortezza nella Dalmatia...
Pianta Della Citta, et Fortezza di Castel Nuovo...

Published by Nicolas Langlois. 123 pages. Hardbound in full contemporary leather with raised bands and gilt tilting on spine. (B+ ). Estimate: $2,750.00 - $3,500.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $500! Very Rare Carte-a-Figures Map of Italy

Lot 571.  (Tabulae Italiae, Corsicae, Sardiniae, et Adjacentium Regnorum, Nova et Accurata Delineatio), Hondius/Jansson, 1659 . This is one of the most decorative maps of Italy, surrounded on four sides by engravings of cities and costumed figures. The map extends to include Corsica, Sardinia, and just the northern coast of Sicily. At top and bottom are views of the cities of Rome, Naples, Venice, Florence, Genova, Verona, Parma, Siena, Pozzuoli and Velletri. At the sides are panels displaying nobles and commoners of Rome, Naples, Venice, Florence, Milan and Genoa. Also included in the surrounding panels are several coats of arms and images of two volcanic attractions: Solfatara and Grotto del Cane. The map is further adorned with sailing ships, sea monsters, and an allegorical title cartouche, featuring a queen representing Italia, river gods, and Romulus and Remus being suckled by a she-wolf. A dedication to the Venetian Republic appears below the title cartouche.

This map first appeared in Jansson's Atlantis Maioris Appendix in 1630, with the date "1628" in the title cartouche, and then again in two editions of his Newer Atlas in 1638 and 1642. This map must have also been issued separately, as this example bears the date of "1659" in the title cartouche. Another edition of this map was published in 1631 and 1635 with a different title (Italia Nuovamente Piu Perfetta Che Mai per Inanzi Posta in Luce, Scolpita et con le Suoi Figure Uivamente Rappresentate), dated 1617, and with Jodocus Hondius' imprint rather than Jansson's. The Hondius and Jansson editions are very similar and it is unclear which was published first, although Van der Krogt lists the Jansson edition first within his carto-bibliography, Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici.(B+ ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $6,500.00

goto detail pageRare Town Plan of Verona

Lot 595.  (Verona), Blaeu Family, [1724 ]. A stunning bird's-eye plan of Verona, Italy, showing all of the buildings, fortifications, roads, and surrounding countryside. An impressive 100 locations are identified with a numbered key. The plan is adorned with the city's coat of arms and the lion of St. Mark holding a sword. This plan was published in Blaeu's town book of Italy, first published in 1663, and later republished by Pierre Mortier in 1704 and 1705 and by Rutgert Alberts in 1724.(A ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $250! Piranesi's Famous View of the Colosseum

Lot 597.  (Veduta dell' Anfiteatro Flavio, detto il Colosseo), Giovanni Battista Piranesi, ca. 1757 . Giovanni Battista Piranesi was an Italian artist and engraver who is famous for creating a series of views of Rome, and was one of the most influential artists in the development of the neoclassical style of the late 18th century. Following Piranesi’s death in 1778, his heirs continued to publish his works, first from Rome and then from Paris, reissuing his etchings until 1839. This magnificent view of the Colosseum is depicted from the street-level outside the famous ruins. A legend within the title cartouche identifies twelve significant architectural features. Piranesi's imprint is at bottom right. This is the first state, with the address (Presso l'autore a Strada Felice vicino alla Trinita de Monti) and the price A paoli due e mezzo included below the title. This is a contemporary Roman edition that was printed during Piranesi's lifetime, which is much more rare than those published posthumously.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $130! Stunning, Large-Scale View of St. Peter's Basilica by Vasi

Lot 598.  (All' Altezza Reale Eminentissima di Errigo Benedetto Maria Vescovo di Frascati Cardinal Duca d'Yorck ... Il Prospetto Principale del Tempio e Piazza di S. Pietro in Vaticano, e Palazzo Pontificio...), Giuseppe Vasi, 1774 . This dramatic view of St. Peter's Basilica was created by Giuseppe Vasi. It is a superbly rendered bird’s-eye view of the Basilica and the enormous piazza and colonnades that stretch out before it. A legend at bottom identifies 13 numbered locations in the view. Printed on two sheets, joined.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,800.00 - $2,100.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $200! Uncommon Chart of Central Mediterranean Between Sicily and Tunisia

Lot 603.  (Nieuwe Paskaart van de Zee Kusten van 't Eylandt Sicilia en de Tegen Over Gelegende Kusten van Barbaria...), Johannes van Keulen, ca. 1697 . This handsome chart shows the relationship between Sicily, mainland Italy, and the eastern coastline of Tunisia. A large inset depicts the city and bay surrounding Valletta on the island of Malta, with a lettered key identifying important locations. Geographical detail is confined to the coastlines. The large title cartouche fills the interior of Sicily and features sea monsters, a distance scale, and a blank coat of arms cartouche.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageRare and Decorative Map of Malta

Lot 606.  (Carte et Plan de l'Isle de Malthe et des Villes et Forts avec les Nouvelles Fortiffications Ainsy quelle sont Apresent), Sebastian de Pontault Beaulieu, ca. 1680 . This rare and decorative map of Malta is by Sebastian de Pontault Beaulieu, a French military engineer best known for his battle plans. The map depicts sea battles to the north, west, and south of the island, with a single galley to the east. It extends to show the southernmost parts of Sardinia and Sicily and a stretch of northern Africa, including both Tunis and Tripoli. An inset at bottom right zooms in on Valletta and its surroundings, with a key at top right that identifies 17 locations of note, including the many fortifications in the area. The key also notes distances between different destinations. Flanking the inset and title cartouche are symbols of military might. The map is surrounded by a decorative border. (B+ ). Estimate: $1,600.00 - $1,900.00

goto detail pageAdrichom's Influential Maps of Jerusalem and the Holy Land

Lot 636.  (Theatrum Terrae Sanctae et Biblicarum Historiarum cum Tabulis Geographicis aere Expressis), Christian van Adrichom, ca. 1600 . This atlas and history of the Holy Land is Adrichom's most important and famous work. Born in Delft, Christian Kruik van Adrichem, or Christianus Crucius Adrichomius, was a Catholic priest and theologian. Adrichom worked for thirty years on his three-part history of the Holy Land, and only succeeded in publishing the first part, Urbis Hierosolyma Depicta, during his lifetime. The remaining two parts were published posthumously by Georg Braun in 1590, with subsequent editions in 1593, 1600, 1613, 1628, and 1682. The Theatrum Terrae Sanctae contained 12 maps and plans: one of the Holy Land, nine of territories of the Tribes of Israel, one of the Exodus, and a town plan of Jerusalem. In this example, all of the maps are present, however only the western half of the Holy Land map is present.

Kenneth Nebenzahl considers Adrichom's plan of Jerusalem "the most dramatic and important of the sixteenth century." Again, Adrichom used a myriad of sources to develop his plan, including Bernhard von Breitenbach's woodcut panorama of the city, Sebastian Munster's view, the texts of pilgrims Burchard of Mt. Sion and William Wey, and the Bible and Josephus. The plan is oriented to the north with the camps of the historic city's invaders just outside the city walls, and the ancient City of David and Mt. Sion in the south. There are over 250 key locations identified and numbered, which are more fully described in Adrichom's text. One of the most important contributions of the plan is Adrichom's identification of the locations of fourteen sites of the Stations of the Cross, which are still accepted today. Adrichom's plan of Jerusalem remained the definitive layout of the city until archaeological discoveries during the nineteenth century.

Adrichom's stunning map of the Holy Land, Situs Terrae Promissionis, was based on numerous sources, including Peter Laicksteen and Christian Sgrooten, Tilleman Stella, Jacob Ziegler, Sebastian Munster, Gerard Mercator, Buchard of Mt. Sion, and even Josephus, Jerome and Ptolemy. This map became immediately popular with leading cartographers such as Jan Jansson and Nicholas Visscher, who used it as the basis for their own maps of the Holy Land. North is oriented to the bottom left, and the map is divided into the tribes. The Kishon River erroneously connects the Sea of Galilee with the Mediterranean. The map is finely engraved with minute detail and depicts numerous biblical scenes including the Jonah and the Whale and several battle scenes. Sailing ships, sea monsters, Adrichom's coat of arms, and a compass rose complete the composition.

Small folio, 286 pp., 12 maps (with half a map missing), title page, preface and index. Hardbound in quarter leather with marbled paper boards.

See also lot 776 for Nebenzahl's reference work on the Holy Land, which references this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,250.00 - $4,000.00

goto detail pageOne of the Most Accurate Maps of China of the 18th Century

Lot 663.  (Carte la Plus Generale et qui Comprend la Chine, la Tartarie Chinoise, et le Thibet Dressee sur les Cartes Particulieres des RR PP Jesuites), Du Halde/D'Anville, 1734 . A lovely copper engraved map that covers all of China from the Caspian Sea to an early depiction of Sakhalin Island. Remarkable detail throughout the region, based largely on a woodblock Chinese atlas commissioned by the Kangxi Emperor from Jesuit missionaries in China, which was completed in 1718 or 1719. This is one of the first western maps to include a relatively accurate depiction of Korea, which was forbidden territory for Europeans. The large, boldly engraved title cartouche features the Kangxi Emperor at top with a scene of two Jesuits entering a farm village filled with livestock. The distance scale cartouche includes two wolf hunters spying their prey. Engraved by G. Kondet.(A ). Estimate: $3,000.00 - $3,750.00

goto detail pageHondius' Richly Ornamented Map of Japan in Full Original Color

Lot 664.  (Iaponia), Mercator/Hondius, [1619 ]. Superb map of Japan based on the Ortelius/Teixeira model with Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku depicted with approximately the correct proportions. Korea is shown as an island, although Hondius added a notation to the effect that is was uncertain if the region was an island or a peninsula. The map is richly ornamented with two strapwork cartouches, a European and Japanese ship, and a sea monster. Hondius engraved this map for inclusion in his edition of Mercator's atlas after he acquired Mercator's plates. It appeared in the editions of Atlas Sive Cosmographia from 1606 to 1636. This example has French text on verso, and was published in 1619.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,200.00 - $1,500.00

goto detail pageFirst Printed Map to Focus on Indochina and the East Indies

Lot 671.  (Tabula Nova Indiae Orientalis & Meridionalis), Ptolemy/Fries, [1541 ]. This scarce map is a landmark in the cartography of Southeast Asia - the first printed map to focus on the region of Malaya, Indochina and the East Indies. It was based on Waldseemuller's large 1507 cordiform world map, which was in turn taken from the Martellus model with nomenclature derived principally from Marco Polo. The mythical Lake Chiang Mai, labeled Lamia Lacq, is located at the top border. The islands are placed in a barely recognizable fashion including Iava Maior in roughly the position of Borneo. The map's nomenclature is derived principally from Marco Polo. A small vignette illustrating cannibalism is set in the island of Angama (Andaman Islands), which is totally misplaced to the east of Java. This map was one of three new maps that Fries had engraved for his editions of Ptoelmy's Geographia that were not reduced versions of Waldseemuller's maps. This map first appeared in the 1522 edition of Fries' Claudii Ptolemaei Geographicae.... Blank verso.

This edition was printed by Gaspar Treschel and edited by Michael Villanovus (known as Servetus). Servetus was charged with heresy by John Calvin in 1553, in part due to the text in this atlas. The courts found him guilty and sentenced him to burning at the stake, atop a pyre of his own books, including this atlas.(A ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00

goto detail pageIncludes Discoveries Made by the Dutch Duyfken Exploration

Lot 672.  (Indiae Orientalis Nova Descriptio), Jan Jansson, [1638 ]. Decorative chart of the region including Indochina, the Philippines and the East Indies. This map is significant for being one of the earliest to include the new discoveries made by the Dutch Duyfken exploration, as evidenced by Duyfkens Eylant depicted just below New Guinea. The Duyfken was a small ship that made landfall in 1606 on the shores of Australia's Cape York Peninsula, and is credited with the first authenticated European landing on Australian soil. The map is embellished with rhumb lines, sailing ships, sea monsters, compass roses and three cartouches. The cartouches feature indigenous people, mermaids and a sea monster. Latin text on verso.(B+ ). Estimate: $1,400.00 - $1,700.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $300! Scarce Italian Map of Southeast Asia

Lot 673.  (Penisola dell India di la dal Gange Divisa ne i Regni, che in Essasi Contengono et Accresciuta di Varie Notizie...), Cantelli da Vignola/de Rossi, 1683 . This scarce map focuses on the Indochinese peninsula, the Straits of Malacca, and part of Sumatra. The region is divided into kingdoms, including Tonkin (Tunquin), Cochinchina (Cocincina), Pegu, Laos, Cambodia, Siam (Sian), Malacca, Pera, and Aracan (Myanmar). The dramatic title cartouche features a tiger and two regional potentates. Cantelli introduced a bold style that was followed and further developed by Coronelli. Engraved by Franciscus Donia.(B+ ). Estimate: $2,000.00 - $2,300.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $100! Blaeu's Carte-a-Figures Map of Africa in Full Original Color

Lot 689.  (Africae Nova Descriptio), Willem Blaeu, ca. 1643 . This is one of the most decorative seventeenth century maps of the African continent and a superb example of the Dutch carte-a-figures style. The map is surrounded on three sides with vignettes of native peoples and nine principal cities. The Nile is shown according to Ptolemy with its sources arising in the lakes Zaire and Zaflan, the fictitious Lake Sachaf of Laurent Fries appears, as well as the R. de Spirito Santo. The map is further embellished with numerous ships, sea monsters (including a great seahorse), a compass rose and exotic animals wandering all over the continent. This is the third state of the map according to Betz. French text on verso, published between 1643-50.

See also lot 783 for Norwich's reference work on Africa, which describes this lot.(A ). Estimate: $4,000.00 - $4,750.00

goto detail pageFries Woodblock Map of South Africa

Lot 713.  (Tabula Nova Partis Africae), Ptolemy/Fries, [1541 ]. This woodcut map of southern Africa is a reduced version of Waldseemuller's map of 1513. The map extends north to the equator, and includes part of Madagascar. The coastlines are filled with the names of rivers and bays, primarily from Portuguese sources. The Mountains of the Moon (Mone Lune) are shown at top with a notation that they are the source of the Nile River. The interior contains a few additional sparse details, including additional loaf-like mountain ranges, spurious rivers, three kings on their thrones, an elephant, a dragon, and several serpents. The King of Portugal is depicted riding a sea monster while holding the flag of Portugal. This edition was printed by Gaspar Treschel and edited by Michael Villanovus (known as Servetus). Servetus was charged with heresy by John Calvin in 1553, in part due to the text in this atlas. The courts found him guilty and sentenced him to burning at the stake, atop a pyre of his own books, including this atlas.

See also lot 783 for Norwich's reference work on Africa, which describes this lot.(A ). Estimate: $1,500.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pageThe First Printed Map Devoted to the Pacific

Lot 717.  (Maris Pacifici, (quod Vulgo Mar del Zur) cum Regionibus Circumiacentibus, Insulisque in Eodem Passim Sparsis, Novissima Descriptio), Abraham Ortelius, 1589 . Ortelius’ seminal map of the Pacific is the first printed map devoted to the Pacific and the first to label the Americas separately as North and South subsequent to Mercator’s 1538 world map. The map draws on the cartography of Frans Hogenberg, Mercator’s world map of 1569, and Portuguese manuscript maps of Bartolomeo de Lasso. It widens the gap between Asia and North America while properly locating the Philippines and Japan, although there is an odd Isla de Plata above Japan. North America is depicted considerably narrower and more correctly at the Tropic of Cancer, and the head of the Gulf of California is shown in a new form with the R. Grande being introduced for the first time, although misplaced. The large southern continent, Terra Australis, stretches over the bottom of the map, but the name Tierra del Fuego appears south of the Strait of Magellan. The map is adorned with two elaborate cartouches and Magellan’s surviving ship Victoria is pictured along with two smaller ships. First state with the date 1589 in the cartouche. Italian text on verso with printed number 6, published in 1608 or 1612.

See also lot 781 for Van den Broecke's indispensable reference work on Ortelius' maps.(B+ ). Estimate: $7,500.00 - $8,500.00

goto detail pageComplete Set of De Bry's Native Floridians from Part II

Lot 723.  ([Lot of 43 - Complete Set of De Bry's Prints of Southeast Florida and Natives]), Le Moyne/De Bry, [1591 ]. This fascinating lot is a complete set of the 42 plates on Florida Natives that were included in the first Latin edition of Part II of de Bry's Grands Voyages (Brevis Narratio Eorum quae in Florida Americae Provincia Gallis Acciderunt). The plates are based on Le Moyne's famous drawings of the French colonial attempts in southeastern Florida in the 1560s. This lot also includes an engraving of Noah and the ark after the receding of the flood, which preceded the section on Florida. The only components from the section on Florida from Part II that are not included are the title page and the map, Floridae Americae Provinciae. All of the plates have Latin text below and blank versos with the exception of the plate of Noah and the ark, which has text on verso. The plates depict:

1. The arrival of the French in Florida in 1562
2. The French discover the River of May (St. Johns)
3. The French discover two other rivers
4. They discover six more rivers
5. The French reach Port Royal
6. The French erect a column with the royal coat of arms
7. Those left behind run short of food
8. The Indians worship the column erected by the French
9. A site for the fort is chosen
10. Fort Caroline
11. Satouriona prepares for battle
12. Consulting a sorcerer
13. The French help Outina fight the Patanou
14. How Outina's army marches to war
15. How the Indians treated the corpses of their enemy
16. Indian victory ceremonies
17. The duties of the hermaphrodites
18. How the widows petition their chief
19. How the widows lament at the burial grounds
20. How the Indians treat their sick
21. How the Indians till the soil
22. Collecting crops for the communal storehouse
23. Collecting game for the communal storehouse
24. How the Indians preserved game
25. How the Indians hunt deer
26. Killing alligators
27. How the Floridians go swimming from island to island
28. Preparing for a feast
29. An Indian council meeting
30. A fortified Indian village
31. Setting fire to the enemy’s village
32. How a sentry was treated for negligence
33. How the Indians declare war
34. The sacrifice of the first-born son
35. A harvest offering
36. How the young men were trained
37. A bride is carried to the chief
38. The chief receives his bride
39. The chief (Satouriona) and his wife go for a stroll
40. How the chief is buried
41. How the Indians collect gold from the streams
42. The murder of the Frenchman, Pierre Gambie
43. Noah's ark(B+ ). Estimate: $5,500.00 - $7,000.00

goto detail pageIllustrated Ranks of the Holy Roman Empire

Lot 729.  ([On 2 Sheets] Ordines Sacri Romani Imp. ab Ottone III Instituti), Abraham Ortelius, [1624 ]. This impressive pair of sheets illustrated the ranks of the Holy Roman Empire as established by Otto III (980-1002). At top is the Holy Roman Emperor seated in the center, flanked by officials and electors. The second row shows Dukes and Marquises and the third row shows provincial and military dignitaries (counts). The second sheet continues the order of ranking with counts, barons, freemen (or knights), city representatives, village representatives, and farmers. The plates were engraved by Antonie Wierix, a master engraver, for Gerard de Jode, who published them in his Speculum Orbis Terræ in 1593. The plates were acquired by Jan Baptista Vrients, who included them in Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum and Parergon beginning in 1603. Latin text on verso.

See also lot 781 for Van den Broecke's indispensable reference work on Ortelius' maps.(A ). Estimate: $1,000.00 - $1,400.00

goto detail pageOld Colored Example of Volume I

Lot 733.  (Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Liber Primus), Braun & Hogenberg, [1574 ]. This is an incomplete, but gorgeous full-color example of Volume I of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Cities of the World), the first atlas of town plans. Included are 84 city views on 36 sheets (out of the original 59 sheets). Some of the most sought-after city views are included in this volume, including Rome, Venice, Istanbul, Amsterdam, Budapest, Vienna, Milan, Naples, Cairo, and Brussels. Full list of maps:

1. Toletum [on sheet with] Vallisoletum ... Vallodolid. Condition: Short repaired centerfold separation at bottom. (A)
2. Burgos Celebris et Antiqua Hispaniae Civitas [on sheet with] Sanct. Sebatianum vulgo Donostien. Condition: Small abrasion at center of top view. (B+)
3. Monspessulanis, Montpellier [on sheet with] Turo, Tours [and] Pictavus, sive Pictavia. Condition: Centerfold separation confined to bottom blank margin. (A)
4. Rotomagus, sive Roan [on sheet with] Nemausus, Nismes Civitas Narbonensis Galliae [and] Civitatis Burdegalensis. Condition: A centerfold separation in the top view and several abrasions along the centerfold. (B)
5. Lugdunum. Condition: Several small abrasions along the centerfold. (B+)
6. Mons [on sheet with] Arras. Condition: Several small abrasions along the centerfold and a long centerfold separation at bottom. (B)
7. Bruxella. Condition: One very small abrasion at center. (A)
8. Gandauum. Condition: Centerfold separation that enters the map border at bottom. (B+)
9. Brugae. Condition: A few minor abrasions along the centerfold. (A)
10. Tshertogenbosch [on sheet with] Loeven [and] Machelen. Condition: Centerfold separation enters 1" into image at bottom and a long tear adjacent to the centerfold at top has been repaired with old paper on verso. (B)
11. Trajectum. Condition: Centerfold separation enters 1" into image at bottom, and there is an adjacent 1" tear in the image. (B)
12. Amstelredanum. Condition: Two small abrasions in the image. (A)
13. Groeninga [on sheet with] Broversavia [and] Goricum. Condition: Map is detached. (A)
14. Lubec [on sheet with] Hamburch. Condition: (A)
15. Wittenbruga [on sheet with] Wismaria [and] Civitatas Francfordiensis [and] Rostochium. Condition: Several small abrasions along the centerfold. (A)
16. Dresden-Dresa [on sheet with] Leibzigk. Condition: Centerfold separation enters 1.5" into image at bottom, and one tiny abrasion. (B+)
17. Praga [on sheet with] Erga. Condition: A couple of small abrasions in the image and an unrepaired tear that enters 1/2" into bottom view. (B+)
18. Magdeburgum. Condition: (A)
19. Decem et Tria Loca Confoederatorum Helvetiae: Suicia, Schwytz ad Foederis Societatem Reciptur. Condition: (A)
20. Argentoratum, Strasburg. Condition: Some minor color offsetting along the centerfold. (A)
21. Treveris [on sheet with] Cobolentz. Condition: Partial sheet missing 3rd view of Rotenburg. Detached from binding. (A)
22. Vienna [on sheet with] Buda. Condition: Light soiling. (B+)
23. Mediolanum. Mediolanum Metropolis Insubrum, vulgo Milano. Condition: (A)
24. Venetia. Condition: Light soiling with a few small abrasions along the centerfold. (B+)
25. Genua [on sheet with] Florentia. Condition: One small abrasions along the centerfold at top and a tear that enters 1" into map at bottom. (B+)
26. Roma. Condition: One small abrasion in the border at top center. (A)
27. Ancona. Condition: One small abrasion in the border at top center and light color offsetting. (B+)
28. Haec est Nobilis et Florens illa Neapolis. Condition: Light color offsetting along the centerfold. (A)
29. Parma [on sheet with] Sena [and] Panhormus, Palermo [and] Drepanum. Condition: Light color offsetting along the centerfold and a small abrasion in the bottom border at center. (B+)
30. Messana, urbs est Siciliae Maxima. Condition: (A)
31. Calaris [on sheet with] Rhodus [and] Malta [and] Famaugusta. Condition: (A)
32. Byzantium nunc Constantinopolis. Condition: Centerfold separation that enters 3" into image at bottom, with light color offsetting. A few tears in the blank margins have been repaired on verso with old paper. (B)
33. Aden [on sheet with] Mombaza [and] Quiloa [and] Cefala. Condition: A long unrepaired tear in the image and a large chip along the centerfold at bottom, entering 4" into image. (C)
34. Cairos quae olim Babylon. Condition: A long centerfold separation that enters 4" into image and an adjacent tiny tear. (B)
35. Tingus [on sheet with] Traffin [and] Septa [and] Arzilla [and] Sala. Condition: (A)
36. Anfa [on sheet with] Azaamurum [and] Diu [and] Goa. Condition: Centerfold separation enters 1/2" into image at bottom. (B+)

Folio, with 36 map sheets. Missing 23 map sheets, title page, frontispiece, preface, and introductory text pages. Hardbound in original full calf with a centrally placed armorial with title and embossing on covers, the spine in six compartments with raised bands.(). Estimate: $10,000.00 - $12,000.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $500! French Edition of Carey & Lea's American Atlas

Lot 736.  (Atlas Geographique, Statistique, Historique et Chronologique des Deux Ameriques et des Iles Adjacentes...), Jean Alexandre Buchon, [1825 ]. This very attractive atlas is from the French edition of Carey & Lea's American Atlas. Included are 62 (of 63) maps and tables of North America, South America, the United States and the West Indies. The map of Chile is missing in this example. Each of the maps (52 total) is surrounded by text including economic, political, social and historical data. Of particular interest are the following maps:

Carte Geographique, Statistique et Historique de l'Amerique Septentrionale (14.3 x 14.0"). The United States extends to the Pacific Ocean and reaches far north into Canada showing the boundary that becomes the Fifty-Four Forty or Fight dispute between England and the U.S. Alaska is Amerique Russe with good detail and place names along the coastal region, but a fully blank interior. Many Indian regions are noted throughout. In Texas (unnamed) only a few places are named; S. Antonio, Rancho, Matagorda, and San Saba. A bizarre mountain range diagonally crosses the Great Basin from Utah and nearly reaches the coast in the direction of San Clemente. The R. del Carmelo ou St. Phelipe, originating in L. Teguanyo ou Salo, freely runs through the Great Basin to its mouth at Monterrey.

Etats-Unis d'Amerique (21.0 x 16.8"). This map is directly derived from John Melish's seminal map of the United States. The large Arkansas Territory takes in most of present-day Oklahoma; the new state of Missouri has a vertical western border; Michigan Territory includes most of present-day eastern Wisconsin; and the Northwest Territory takes in present day Wisconsin and Minnesota. The balance of the Midwest is included in the Territoire d'Oregon and is filled with information on numerous Indian tribes. The Grand Desert Americain takes in the southern plains region. Texas is a part of Mexico.

Carte Geographique, Statistique et Historique du Territoire d'Arkansas (14.2 x 14.1"). Reflecting Major Stephen H. Long's exploratory expeditions, this is an important map of the early western territories, focusing on the large Arkansas Territory, and depicting an early western border in Missouri. The map extends to the Rocky Mountains, and the plains are labeled Grand Desert. Numerous Indian villages are shown based on information gained from the Lewis and Clark expedition, and other important exploration routes are shown. The map shows Arkansas Territory extending to include present-day Oklahoma. The western portions of the map are identical to Long's map of 1823, also published by Carey & Lea.

Carte Geographique, Statistique et Historique de Michigan (10.3 x 14.2"). This fine early map of Michigan Territory depicts a western boundary on a line 10° 30' West Longitude from Washington, resulting in Green Bay and a strip of present-day Wisconsin being incorporated into Michigan. The Frontiere Indienne divides lower Michigan on a diagonal line. The only settlements shown are in the southeast around Detroit, and along the Saginaw River is a Nouveaux Etablissements. The initial counties of Michilimakinak, Monroe, Oakland, DeWayne and Macomb are named but not delineated. There is a road depicted from Ft. Wayne, Indiana to Mt. Clemens. The rest of the territory is virtually blank except the a few portages and Indian villages. Several battlegrounds from the War of 1812 are located by tiny flag symbols.

Large folio, hardbound in quarter green leather over marbled paper boards with gilt title and tooling on spine. Text block has deckled edges.(A ). Estimate: $4,750.00 - $6,000.00

goto detail pageBurr's Complete First Edition Atlas

Lot 737.  (A New Universal Atlas; Comprising Separate Maps of All the Principal Empires, Kingdoms & States Throughout the World...), David H. Burr, ca. 1835 . This important and complete American atlas is from one of the country's earliest cartographers. Each copperplate map is finely engraved in original, full hand color. The atlas contains a total of 63 maps covering the world and continents with 35 maps relating to the Americas and 24 specific to the United States. Cartographically, the map of the United States shows the western frontier consisting of Missouri, Arkansas Territory and Louisiana. Further west is a huge Missouri Territory with a Huron District occupying Wisconsin and eastern Minnesota. Eastern Texas is shown as a part of Mexico, but only one year from its independence. The atlas features an early map dedicated to Oregon Territory that encompasses present-day Washington and extends well north into British Columbia, reflecting U.S. interests in the region. Additionally, there are numerous state maps showing early county development including Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, and Mississippi to name a few. Accompanying the map of New York state is the Map of the Country Twenty Five Miles Round the City of New-York.

David Burr was appointed to be topographer to the U.S. Post Office Department in 1832 and was therefore unable to complete the maps for this atlas. Thomas Illman assumed responsibility for the atlas, publishing it in 1835 using the New York firm of D.S. Stone. There is no publishing date on the title page, but the maps are all dated between 1831-35. Hardbound in quarter calf with tips over cloth boards with gilt title on front cover.(A ). Estimate: $7,000.00 - $8,500.00

goto detail pageColton's Impressive General Atlas

Lot 740.  (Colton's General Atlas, Containing One Hundred and Eighty Steel Plate Maps and Plans, on One Hundred and Nineteen Imperial Folio Sheets), G. W. & C.B. Colton, [1868 ]. Colton's massive General Atlas, is considered by many to be the pinnacle of American cartography in the latter part of the 19th Century. There are 82 single-page and 22 double-page maps, plans and charts in all, including many highly sought-after state and regional maps such as California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico and Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and British Columbia. Other important state maps featured in this atlas are the double-page editions of Kansas and Nebraska, both of which show very little development in the western reaches of each state. The atlas also features several thematic maps including brightly colored examples of Mountains and Rivers and Comparative Size of Lakes and Islands. A pair of fine city plans are the single-page, uncolored versions of Environs of London and Environs of Paris. These plates were originally published in 1855, and are finely engraved, highly detailed examples that locate all major landmarks, parks, topography, train stations, rail lines and more. The plan of Paris includes a depiction of the original wall that encircled the old city. This is a beautiful example of an atlas by one of America's pre-eminent cartographers. Folio. Nearly complete, missing only the double-page engraving of the flags of all nations. Hardbound in original green cloth with quarter calf spine and tips and decorative gilt titling on front cover and spine. (B+ ). Estimate: $2,400.00 - $3,000.00

goto detail pagePrice Reduced by $625! Important Accounts by Tonti and Hennepin with Map of the Louisiana Territory

Lot 750.  (Relations de la Louisiane, et du Fleuve Mississipi... [bound with] Recueil d'Arrests et Autres Pieces pour l'Etablissement de la Compagnie d'Occident - Relation de la Baie de Hudson...), Jean Frederic Bernard, [1720 ]. This fascinating volume, published by Jean Frederic Bernard, includes the accounts of various explorers in North America, two folding maps, and 17 engravings related to Native Americans. The volume encompasses two works in one - volumes V and VI of Bernard's Recueil de Voyages au Nord. The first work is Relations de la Louisiane, et du Fleuve Mississipi..., which describes the explorations of Louis Hennepin, Henri de Tonti, Bartholomew Gosnold, Martin Pring, and an anonymous officer's account. Tonti's account, first published as Dernieres Decouvertes dans l'Amerique Septentrionale de ... La Sale..., appears here in its second French edition as Relation de la Louisiane; et du Mississipi and is considered one of the most important histories of the Mississippi Valley in the 17th century. Hennepin's account, Voyage en un Pays plus Grand que Europe, Entre la Mer Glaciale & le Nouveau Mexique is a later edition of his second book. The second work is Recueil d'Arrests et Autres Pieces pour l'Etablissement de la Compagnie d'Occident - Relation de la Baie de Hudson, les Navigations de Frobischer, au Detroit qui Porte son Nom, which describes the accounts of Martin Frobischer, Nicolas Jeremie, and M. Crosat. The volume is accompanied by the following two maps:

A. Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi... This is a reduced-size edition of Delisle's influential map of the French possession of Louisiana that drew together the cartographic work of the previous half century and had a tremendous impact on the history of cartography. When originally published in 1718, it was the first detailed map of the Gulf region and the Mississippi, and the first to show the explorations of De Soto, Cavelier, Tonty, Moscoso and Denis. The map was designed for the political purpose of invalidating the English claims west of the Appalachian Mountains and laid claim to Carolina by the French, which provoked an angry English response. The name Texas made its first appearance in print on the earlier edition of this map, with the legendary Mission de los Teijas, established in 1716. The notation of Indiens errans et anthrophages along the Gulf Coast warns of cannibals. However, it is the cartography of the Mississippi Valley for which the map is notable today. Due to the reduced scale, this edition omits the inset depicting the mouth of the Mississippi.

B. Les Cotes de la Virginie, les Detroits de Forbisher et de Hudson. This is the French edition of Pieter van der Aa's map of the North Atlantic that shows parts of the European, African and American continents with Iceland and Greenland at top. From the report of Martin Pring's journey from England to New England in 1603, the sea routes of Captain Pring from the British Isles through the Azores to Plymouth are depicted. Virginia extends into what is present-day Massachusetts as well as the Chesapeake Bay area. The large title cartouche is surrounded by a fabulous scene of the colonists and Native Americans greeting each other.

Also included are 17 engravings related to Native Americans, with 14 of them based on John White's illustrations in De Bry. 408 pp., 253 pp., 100 pp., 2 folding maps, 17 single-page engravings. Hardbound in vellum.

See also lot 771 for Cumming's reference book on the Southeast, which references this lot.(B+ ). Estimate: $3,500.00 - $4,250.00

goto detail pageImportant Account of European Colonization Complete with 7 Maps by Kitchin

Lot 753.  ([8 Volumes] A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies...), Abbe Raynal, [1783 ]. This important account of European settlement and colonization was Raynal’s greatest achievement. It provides a complete and insightful survey of trade and colonization throughout the New World and Asia including extensive descriptions of the discoveries, wars, conquests, settlements, trade routes, agriculture, and missionary activity. This edition is expanded to include a contemporary account of the American Revolution. Raynal’s controversial indictment of slavery and critical examination of colonization resulted in the banishment of his work by the French parliament. The work was enormously popular and was translated into several languages. It is a key piece of democratic writing in the period leading up to the French Revolution.

This expanded English edition was translated by J. O. Justamond and is illustrated with seven fine maps by Thomas Kitchin, including maps of the world, Europe, Africa, East Indies, South America, Mexico and West Indies, and the fledgling United States:

A. Map of the United States in North America: with the British, French and Spanish Dominions Adjoining, According to the Treaty of 1783 (19.9 x 16"). This is one of the earliest English-produced maps to officially acknowledge the United States. It depicts the new nation with its western border on the Mississippi River. The states of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia stretch from the Atlantic to the Mississippi. The map is filled with information on early settlements, forts, Indian villages and fishing banks. The title is enclosed in a simple cartouche, with the island of Bermuda below. The map is dated May 1st, 1783. Reference: McCorkle #783-11.

B. Map of the World with the New Discoveries on Mercator's Projection (19.8 x 13.3"). This map presents an interesting view of the world in 1783 with emphasis on British interests and discoveries. The Eastern U.S. is still labeled British Colonies. The remainder of North America lacks boundaries, although the areas of New Albion, New Mexico, Louisiana, and Canada are named. San Francisco Bay is named Port Sir Francis Drake. The islands of the Pacific Ocean receive special attention, highlighting the discoveries of Capt. Cook, with O-Why-Hee featured within the Sandwich Islands. Australia (New Holland) is almost fully delineated, except Tasmania (Van Diemens Land) is shown attached to the mainland. Asiatic Russian is made up of the Government of Siberia and the Government of Irkutsk. Cook’s Str. separates Asia and North America.

C. Map of the European Settlements in Mexico or New Spain and the West Indies (19.9 x 12"). This detailed and expansive map covers all of the southern United States north to the Carolinas and Cape Henry. The map continues west through the region labeled Great Space of Land unknown to the southern tip of Baja California. All of the Caribbean is shown, naming the Great Antilles, Cuba, and the Bahamas, with the Windward and Leeward together identified as the Caribbe Is. It is filled with place names, rivers and Indian tribes.

D. Africa with the European Settlements &c. (11.3 x 9.3").

E. Map of Europe Divided into its Empires, Kingdoms, &c. (16.7 x 16.2").

F. Map of the European Settlements in the East Indies (13.7 x 13.3").

G. Map of the European Settlements in South America (13.3 x 17.2").

Also included is a portrait of Raynal. Published by Strahan and Cadell in London. Hardbound in full calf with gilt embossed spines.(B ). Estimate: $1,500.00 - $1,800.00

goto detail pageFrench Edition of Lasso de la Vega's Histories

Lot 756.  ([2 Volumes] Histoire des Yncas Rois du Perou, Depuis le Premier Ynca Manco Capac...[and] Histoire de la Conquete de la Floride...), Jean Frederic Bernard, [1737 ]. This two volume set is the French translation of Lasso de la Vega's "History of the Inca Kings of Peru" (Volume 1) and "History of the Conquest of Florida" (Volume 2). This second volume also contains Hennepin's "A New Discovery Of A Vast Country in America." The volumes feature 14 beautiful plates of native scenes by Picart, and two of the three issued folding maps (missing Carte du Voiage du P. Hennepin in Volume 2) including:

Le Cours du Fleuve Missisipi Selon les Relations les Plus Modernes (17.3 x 14.7"). This early map is based upon Louis Hennepin's seminal map of the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. Hennepin's map presented a marked improvement on Sanson's depiction of the lake routes into the interior and the Great Lakes region, particularly the delineation of Lakes Superior, Michigan and Huron. Even with these improvements, the lack of accuracy is very evident; depicting the lakes enlarged and exaggerated, Hudson Bay too far to the east and the Mississippi River too far to the west with its mouth in what is present day Texas. The spurious lake described by LeMoyne is depicted just south of the Appalachians. A number of early settlements and Indian Tribes are shown around the Great Lakes and along the Mississippi and this map has been updated to show the location of New Orleans. References: McCorkle #737.1; Goss #46. Condition: Light to moderate toning. (B)

Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi (15.5 x 13.9"). This is a reduced-size edition of Delisle's influential map of the French possession of Louisiana that drew together the cartographic work of the previous half century and had a tremendous impact on the history of cartography. When originally published in 1718, it was the first detailed map of the Gulf region and the Mississippi, and the first to show the explorations of De Soto, Cavelier, Tonty, Moscoso and Denis. The map was designed for the political purpose of invalidating the English claims west of the Appalachian Mountains and laid claim to Carolina by the French, which provoked an angry English response. The name Texas made its first appearance in print on the earlier edition of this map, with the legendary Mission de los Teijas, established in 1716. References: Cumming (SE) #175; Tooley (Amer) p. 22, #44. Condition: There is a very short binding tear that enters the right border, light offsetting, and a few tiny spots of foxing. (B+)

Volume 1 (540 pages) with 9 plates and 1 folding map. Volume 2 (373 pages) with five plates (one folding) and 1 folding map. Quarto, hardbound in full original leather with raised bands and gilt titling on spine. (B+ ). Estimate: $2,200.00 - $2,500.00